Egypt is a country in the northeastern part of Africa that encompasses an area of 1,010,408 km2 and has an estimated population of 94,798,827. The country is governed as a unitary semi-presidential republic, and the Egyptian president serves as the head of state. The President of Egypt has 8 different presidential residences, although the official residence is Heliopolis Palace, which is located in Heliopolis, which is a suburb of Cairo and situated east of the Nile. Other presidential palaces include Ras el-Tin Palace, which is located in Alexandria, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, and Abdeen Palace, which is located in Downtown Cairo.
Heliopolis Palace is located in Heliopolis, which is a suburb of Egypt’s capital, Cairo. It was constructed in 1910 as the Grand Heliopolis Palace Hotel, but now serves as the official residence of the president. The palace was designed by Belgian architect Ernest Jasper, and combines Moorish Revival, Persian, European neoclassical, and Islamic styles of architecture. The hotel contained 55 private apartments and 400 rooms, but was purchased by the Egyptian government in 1958 and converted into government department offices. In 1972, it became the headquarters of the Federation of Arab Republics, which was a short-lived political union created between Syria, Libya, and Egypt. In the 1980s, the palace underwent major renovations and was converted into the official residence of the president of Egypt. It is considered to be one of the most restricted presidential palaces.
Ras El Tin Palace
Ras El Tin Palace is a presidential residence located in the city of Alexandria, along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The palace also served as a royal palace during the Muhammad Ali Dynasty of Sudan and Egypt, and it is the country’s oldest royal palace that is still in use. Construction of the palace began in 1834 and was completed in 1845. Complementary work and expansion of the palace continued until 1847, at which time it was officially inaugurated. The palace covers an area of 182,952 sq ft and is surrounded by 13 acres of gardens.
Abdeen Palace is a presidential residence located on Qasr el-Nil Street, in the eastern part of Downtown Cairo. The palace was built by Ismail Pasha, the Khedive of Sudan and Egypt, to serve as the new government headquarters and replace the Citadel of Cairo, which had been the home of Egypt's government since the Middle Ages. Designed by French architect Leon Rousseau, construction of the palace began in 1863, was completed in 1873, and was subsequently inaugerated the next year. The palace also contains several museums, including the Historical Documents Museum that opened in 2005. Notable documents in the museum include the Ottoman Empire firman, which declared Muhammad Ali as the Ottoman governor of Egypt.
Additional Presidential Residences in Egypt
Other presidential residences in Egypt include Koubbeh Palace, which was built in the mid-nineteenth century and serves as the official guest house for visiting dignitaries. Montaza Palace is located in Alexandria, where it overlooks the Mediterranean Sea, and contains a museum focused on the Muhammad Ali Dynasty. Further presidential residences include Al-Tahra Palace and Al-Oroba Palace, both of which are located in Cairo.
About the Author
Benjamin Elisha Sawe holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and Statistics and an MBA in Strategic Management. He is a frequent World Atlas contributor.
Your MLA Citation
Your APA Citation
Your Chicago Citation
Your Harvard CitationRemember to italicize the title of this article in your Harvard citation.