Lake Huron is bordered by the US State of Michigan and the Canadian province of Ontario. Ontario lies to the north and eastern parts of the lake while Michigan is located on the southern and western side of Lake Huron. The lake is named for the Huron people. Lake Huron also includes Saginaw Bay, Georgian Bay and the North Channel.
Location of Lake Huron
Lake Huron covers an area of approximately 59,590 square kilometres, making it the second largest among the Great Lakes. Ontario has a larger share of the lake, 36,010 square kilometres, as compared to Michigan’s 23,580 square kilometres. The lake is considered to be among the biggest freshwater lakes globally. Lake Huron has a shoreline extending over 6,159 kilometres and average water volume of 3,500 cubic kilometres.
Lake Huron is connected with Lake Michigan by the Straight of Mackinac. This connection has led to the two lakes being treated as one, thus it is sometimes referred to as Lake Michigan-Huron. By treating them this way, they are regarded as the most significant freshwater lake in the world. On the other hand, Lake Superior’s waters flow through St. Mary’s River and in turn, the river drains into Lake Huron. In this case, the three lakes are technically the same since they share water and are connected by streams as well as straights.
How Did Lake Huron Form?
Lake Huron was formed as result of the melting of ice. During the period of the last ice age, continental glaciers retreated resulting in melting of large blocks of ice. Consequently, water gathered on the depression. The rivers that were flowing through the depression, the Huronian and Laurentian Rivers, were buried in the process. One of the evidence indicating the process is the Alpena-Amberley Ridge. Long before the volume of water increased in this lake (during which water level was about 100 metres), the ridge was visible. The ridge is said to have provided a route for migration of the caribou herds, about 9,000 years ago.
Challenges Facing Lake Huron
The living organisms inhabiting Lake Huron have been subjected to radical changes over the recent years. Initially, the lake provided habitat for such organisms as lake trout, sculpins, as well as alewife, sea lamprey, and rainbow smelt. However, overfishing and predators have reduced the fish population in this lake. Some of the measures to control such threats have been an introduction of policies such as controlled fishing.