What Is the Capital of New Jersey?

The State Capitol Building in Trenton, New Jersey.
The State Capitol Building in Trenton, New Jersey.

Trenton is New Jersey’s capital as well as the county seat of the County of Mercer. Trenton briefly acted as the capital of the US. The US Census Bureau groups Trenton’s metropolitan area with that of New York while it borders the Philadelphia Metropolitan area.

History Of The Capital of New Jersey

Quakers founded the initial settlement in the region that would develop to become Trenton in 1679. The settlement adopted the title "Trent-towne" by 1719 in honor of William Trent who was among its leading landholders. The Battle of Trenton took place in the city where George Washington achieved his first military victory in the course of the American Revolutionary War. In November and December of 1784, the Confederation congress briefly convened in Trenton. The city was recognized as the state capital in 1790, and it was subsequently incorporated in 1792. Trenton developed steadily in the 19th century as European immigrants flocked to the city to engage in its wire rope mills and pottery. By 1837, the population had grown so much that a mayoral government was adopted to replace the council government.

Geography Of Capital of New Jersey

Trenton has an area of 8.155 square miles where 7.648 square miles is land, and 0.507 square miles is water. There are many bridges that cross the Delaware River and link Morrisville in Pennsylvania to Trenton. Other bridges include Calhoun Street Bridge Lower Trenton Bridge and the Trenton-Morrisville Toll Bridge. All these bridges are operated by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission. Trenton is sometimes considered as part of North Jersey while others include it as part of South Jersey. Locals include it in an ambiguous region called Central Jersey, and they are divided between those who believe they are within Philadelphia or New York's sphere of influence. Trent is among the seven state capitals situated in the Piedmont Plateau.

Demographics Of The Capital of New Jersey

Trento had a population of 84,913 inhabitants in 2010 compared to the 85,403 people in 2000. The city had 28,578 households as well as 17,747 families in 2010. Trenton’s population density was 11,101.9 per square mile, and it had 33,035 housing units. The racial composition of Trenton was White (26.56%); African American/Black (52.01%); Native American (0.70%); Asian (1.19%): Pacific Islander (0.13%). 15.31% of Trenton’s population was from other races while 4.10% of the residents identified with two or more races. The average household size of Trenton was 2.79 while the average family size was estimated at 3.40.

Economy Of The Capital of New Jersey

Trenton was a manufacturing hub for products such as ceramics, rubber, cigars, and wire rope in the late 19th century going into the early 20th century. The city's manufacturing industry declined in the 1970s along with the industrial sectors of other US cities. State government agencies then started leasing office area in the surrounding suburbs, and state government officials implemented efforts to make the downtown region the center of state government. From 1982 to 1992, over a dozen office buildings were built mainly by the state for state offices. New Jersey State is currently the largest employer in the city. 20,000 state workers come from the suburbs to the city every weekday. Parts of Trenton are included in an Urban Enterprise Zone, and the city is part Philadelphia's television market.


More in World Facts