What Is the Capital of Iowa?

The state capital building in Des Moines, Iowa.

Iowa is geographically one of the largest states in the United States of America. The state lies south of Minnesota, east of Illinois, west of Nebraska, and has Wisconsin to the northeast. Furthermore, the Mississippi River lies in the eastern part of the city, while the Missouri River lies on its western side. Iowa is one of the populous states in the United States with the 2015 census placing the current population at over 3 million. The capital of the state is Des Moines, originally known as the Fort Des Moines. Iowa is among the safest states to live in, a factor that encourages tourism in the region.

History Of The Capital City Of Iowa

Des Moines is the state capital of Iowa and is one of the most populous cities in the country. The city also serves as the government seat of Polk County, and the city extends into Warren County. Des Moines was incorporated in 1851 as Fort Des Moines, and was later shortened to Des Moines in 1857. According to the 2010 census, the city had a population of over 200,000. One of the factors highly attributed to the origin of the name Fort Des Moines is the Des Moines River. The present name of the city is associated with the river, which has a French name denoting "The River of the Monks". Before independence, the city was part of the Spanish and French colony hence the origin of the name Des Moines River. Des Moines covers an area of 90.65 square miles, and the land area covers 88.92 square miles while water covers 1.73 square miles.

Cityscape Of The Capital City Of Iowa

The city sits on an elevation of about 850 feet above sea level at the confluence of Des Moines and Raccoon rivers. Some of the buildings established in the 20th century include the Polk County Convention Complex set up in 1985, the Civic Center of Greater Des Moines, and the Greater Des Moines Botanical Garden, both created in 1979. Other buildings developed at the time include Des Moines Marriott Hotel that emerged in 1981, and the 19 storey EMC Insurance Building. The city also has the state’s tallest building, which is the Principal Financial Group. Established in 1991, the 45-storey skyscraper provides financial and insurance services to the citizens of Iowa.

Climate Of Des Moines

Due to its location at the centre of North America, the city has hot summers and snowy winters that can reach the lowest levels of -18° Celsius. On the other hand, summers can reach the highest temperatures of 32° Celsius making Iowan summers hot and humid.


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