The West African sovereign state of Guinea-Bissau encompasses an area of 36,125 square km. The estimated population of the country is 1,815,698. The country has a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to its west.
Guinea-Bissau borders Guinea to the east and south while the northern boundaries are shared with Senegal. The capital of Guinea-Bissau is Bissau.
What Type Of Government Does Guinea-Bissau Have?
Politically, Guinea-Bissau is a republic where there are three branches of the government: executive, legislative, and judicial. The President and the Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau serve as the head of state and the head of government of the country, respectively. The President appoints the nine justices of the Supreme Court of the nation who head the judicial branch of the national government. The unicameral legislature of the government is called the National People's Assembly and is made up of 100 elected members.
What Is The Capital Of Guinea-Bissau?
The city of Bissau serves as the capital of Guinea-Bissau. It covers an area of 77.5 square km. The population of the city was estimated to be 492,004 in 2015. The population density is 5,009 persons per square km.
Where Is The Capital Of Guinea-Bissau Located?
Bissau is located near the Atlantic coast of Guinea-Bissau on the estuary of the Geba River. The river can be accessed by ocean-going vessels. Bissau is located in a low-lying region with a tropical savanna climate.
History Of Bissau
The Portuguese founded the city of Bissau in 1687 when it was established as a center of trade and a fortified port. The settlement in the area started growing as the slave trade flourished in the region. In 1942, Bissau replaced Bolama as the capital of Portuguese Guinea. For a long period of time, the city remained part of the Portuguese-occupied region of Guinea-Bissau. Finally, when Portugal recognized the independence of Guinea-Bissau in 1974, Bissau was designated as the capital city of the new country. From 1998 to 1999, Bissau became witness to intense fighting during the Guinea-Bissau Civil War.
Role Of Bissau As The Capital City Of Guinea-Bissau?
As the seat of the national government, Bissau hosts the official residences of the senior government officials. The parliament of the country meets at the Palácio Colinas de Boé. The highest courts, ministries, and other important departments of the federal government are located in the city. Bissau also serves as the major educational, financial, and military center of the country. Bissau is also the biggest port in Guinea-Bissau.