India is one of the most populated countries in the world, boasting a population of about 1.3 billion people. The high population, coupled with rising unemployment, has led to a surge in crime and violence in the country. The nature of crime and violence differ from one state to another with some of the states recording higher crime rates than others. The ranking of the dangerous states in India is based on the number of crime incidences reported to the police by the people living in that state. The crime rate is higher in poor urban settlements and states compared to developed states. In many areas of the country, the highest number of crimes are committed against women and children.
Crime By State
In India, crime and location are directly related. According to the National Crime Records Bureau, Uttar Pradesh is the most dangerous state in India. The state reported the highest number of violent crimes in 2012, accounting for about 12% of the country's total crime cases. Of the violent crimes committed in Uttar Pradesh, about 5,450 cases led to a loss of life besides property. The murder cases reported in UP accounted for 10% of the country's total murder cases. In 2012, Uttar Pradesh recorded a crime rate per capita of 7.4. Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Meghalaya, and Delhi complete the list of top five dangerous states in India.
With a crime rate per capita of 5.8, Arunachal Pradesh recorded over 245,000 complaints despite being a small state. Human and drug trafficking are very high in Arunachal Pradesh. Assam is a beautiful state with a major potential for tourism. However, it has a high crime rate. Assam has reported the highest sexual offense cases at 21 for every 100,000.
On the other hand, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, and Gujarat are relatively safe states to live in compared to the top five dangerous states as these states recorded a crime rate per capita of below 2 in 2012. Although Kerala has a lower crime rate per capita, it reported the highest cognizable crime rate among the states of India in 2012. However, its high population keeps the crime rate per capita lower than other states with much lower crime cases reported.
Safety In India
The Indian police force, intelligence agencies, and the government are working hard to curb the high rates of crime in some of the states in India. Unfortunately, corruption does exist in the country, which often allows criminals with great amounts of wealth to easily escape prosecution.