The Caribbean region includes the Caribbean Sea, its islands and surrounding coasts. The terrain of the Caribbean islands varies widely. While some islands are relatively flat, others have highly undulating landscapes. Although the mountain ranges in the Caribbean are not as tall as those in most other parts of the world, they are often heavily forested and have a pleasant climate that attracts many tourists. Below is a list of some major mountain ranges in the Caribbean.
Jamaica's longest mountain range, the Blue Mountains, hosts the highest peak on the island, the 2256 m tall Blue Mountain Peak. The peak can be summited relatively easily after a short climb up a walking track. From the summit, spectacular views of the north and south coasts of Jamaica are visible. On clear days, the outline of Cuba can also be seen in the sea. The Blue Mountains occupy most of the eastern third of the country. A part of the landscape in the area is protected as the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park. Over 500 species of flowering plants grow here. The world's second-largest butterfly, the Homerus swallowtail, occurs here. The highly popular premium coffee brand, the Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee, is also cultivated in the region.
The Cordillera Central is the Caribbean's highest mountain range. It extends through the heart of the Hispaniola island in the Dominican Republic. It is connected to Haiti's Massif du Nord. This mountain range is often nicknamed the "Dominican Alps" as it is famous for its picturesque landscapes, cool climate, and altitude. Pico Duarte is the highest peak in the Cordillera Central and the entire Caribbean region with an elevation of 3,098 m. A part of this mountainous landscape is conserved as the José Armando Bermúdez National Park. The Pale Magnolia is an endangered species in the area.
Dry Harbour Mountains
This mountain range is located in north-central Jamaica. It is often regarded as a plateau and not a mountain range. The range starts from Discovery Bay, St. Ann to the eastern end of Cockpit Country. Mining is an important economic activity in the region as the mountains here are rich in bauxite and limestone. The lush environs of the Dry Harbor Mountains also attract visitors.
The Massif du Nord
Haiti's longest mountain range, the Massif du Nord, is located in the northern part of the country in the Hispaniola island. The elevation of the range varies from 600 m to 1,210 m. To the west of this mountain range, the lowland area of Plaine du Nord borders the Atlantic coast. The Massif du Nord, as mentioned previously, is merely an extension of the Cordillera Central in the Dominican Republic.
John Crow Mountains
The John Crow Mountains is a mountain range in Jamaica that extends parallel to the island's northeast coast. The Rio Grande forms the western limits of this range while the Blue Mountains joins it on the southeastern end. The highest point of the John Crow Mountains is around 1,140 m. The John Crow Mountains is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites that was inscribed in 2015.