Covering an area of 10,991 sq. km (4,244 sq mi), Jamaica is the 3rd largest island in the Caribbean, after Cuba and Hispaniola.
As observed on the physical map of Jaimaica, it is mostly mountainous, with a narrow, discontinuous coastal plain. The island is ringed by numerous bays, small cays and islands, and white-sand beaches stretch for miles in some areas.
Volcanic in origin, Jamaica can be divided into 3 landform regions: the eastern mountains, the central valleys and plateaus, and the coastal plains. The most elevated area is the Blue Mountains in eastern Jamaica. The highest point is Blue Mountain Peak at 7,402 ft (2,256m). It has been marked on the map by a yellow triangle. Other mountain ranges of note include the John Crow, Dry Harbour and the Southern Manchester Plateau. The limestone plateau covers two-thirds of Jamaica, and there are caves, caverns, sinkholes and valleys and scattered about in large numbers. To the west of the mountains is the rugged terrain of the Cockpit Country. It is a harsh, dramatic landscape filled with endless hills.
As for rivers, there are over 100 in Jamaica. However, most are small, unexplored and not navigable, many are mostly underground rivers and run through the limestone region. The Black River is the largest (widest) river at 73km long. The Rio Minho is the longest river in Jamaica.
Jamaica is divided into 14 parishes. In alphabetical order, the parishes are: Clarendon, Hanover, Kingston, Manchester, Portland, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas, Trelawny and Westmoreland.
Covering an area of 10,990 sq. km, Jamaica is the 3rd largest Caribbean island. It is also the 3rd most populous country in America and the 4th most populous Caribbean nation. Located on the south eastern part of the island is Kingston – the capital and the largest city of Jamaica. It is a major port and an important business center of the country. The Kingston Harbour is the 7th largest natural harbour in the whole world.
Jamaica is a large island nation located in the west-central Caribbean in the Greater Antilles archipelago. It is positioned both in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Jamaica is situated to the south of Cuba; to the west of Hispaniola Islands (Haiti & the Dominican Republic) and to the northwest of Cayman Islands. It is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|18 00 N, 76 48 W|
|Independence||6 August 1962 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||10,991.00 km2|
|Land Area||10,831.00 km2|
|Water Area||160.00 km2|
|Total Border||0.0 km|
|Climate||Tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior|
|Coordinates||18 15 N, 77 30 W|
|Mean Elevation||18 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||2,256 m|
|Blue Mountain Peak|
|Ethnic Groups||black 92.1%, mixed 6.1%, East Indian 0.8%, other 0.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2011 est.)|
|Languages||English, English patois|
|Religions||Protestant 64.8% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 12.0%, Pentecostal 11.0%, Other Church of God 9.2%, New Testament Church of God 7.2%, Baptist 6.7%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.5%, Anglican 2.8%, United Church 2.1%, Methodist 1.6%, Revived 1.4%, Brethren 0.9%, and Moravian 0.7%), Roman Catholic 2.2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.9%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 6.5%, none 21.3%, unspecified 2.3% (2011 est.)|
|Currency||Jamaican dollars (JMD)|
|GDP Per Capita||$5,582.26|
|Exports||Alumina, bauxite, chemicals, coffee, mineral fuels, waste and scrap metals, sugar, yams|
This page was last updated on November 11, 2020