The Largest Countries in the Middle East

Saudi Arabia's position in the Middle East.

The Middle East is an intercontinental region centered on Egypt, Turkey, and Western Asia. The phrase ‘’Middle East’’ came into usage during the early stages of the twentieth century as a replacement of the phrase ‘’Near East’’. The Middle East occupies an area of about 2,782,860 sq miles with a population of over 371 million people. The largest country in the Middle East by land area is Saudi Arabia. 

The Largest Countries In The Middle East

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is a west Asian state that covers 830,000 sq miles. Saudi Arabia is the biggest country in the Middle East, fifth-biggest in Asia, and second-largest in the Arab World. Saudi Arabia is separated from Egypt and Israel by the Aqaba Gulf and surrounded by Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirate, Bahrain, Qatar, Iraq, and Jordan. Saudi Arabia is the only state with both the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea coasts. The Saudi Arabian terrain is made up of mountains, lowland, and a desert. Saudi Arabia has one of the youngest populations on earth with half of the 33.4 million residents being below 25 years old. 


Iran is the eighteenth most populous state on earth with about 81 million inhabitants. Iran is a West Asian country that occupies an area of about 636,372 sq miles. Iran is the seventeenth-biggest state in the world and the second-largest nation in the Middle East. Iran is surrounded by Azerbaijan, Armenia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Iraq and Turkey. 


Turkey is a transcontinental state situated mainly in the western parts of Asia with a smaller portion of the country being on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is surrounded by Armenia, Georgia, Bulgaria, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran, and the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Turkey occupies an area of about 302,455sq miles with a population of over 82million people. About 80% of the locals identify themselves as Turkish. The biggest minority groups in Turkey are the Kurds. Turkey is a unitary, secular, previously parliamentary republic that adopted a presidential system in 2017.


Yemen is a Middle Eastern state situated on the southern end of Arabia on the western parts of Asia. Yemen is the second-biggest Arab nation in the Peninsula which occupies an area of about 203,850sq miles. Yemen’s territory includes over two hundred islands and a 1,200 miles long coastline. Yemen is the poorest state in the Middle East with over 27million people.

The Most Populous Countries In The Middle East

The Middles East had a total population of over 419,116,760 by 2015. Egypt is the tenth biggest state in the Middle East, but the most populous country in the region with over 90,253,760 people. The Egyptians make up over 21.86% of the people living in the Middle East. Iran is the second most populous state with over 82 million people followed by Turkey (78,214,000), and Iraq (36,575,000).

The Largest Countries in the Middle East

RankCountryLand Area (Km Sq)
1 Saudi Arabia2,149,690
2 Iran1,648,195
4 Yemen527,968
5 Iraq438,317
6 Oman309,500
7 Syria185,180
8 Jordan89,342
9 United Arab Emirates83,600
10 Egypt*60,000
11 Israel20,273
12 Kuwait17,818
13 Qatar11,586
14 Lebanon10,452
15 Cyprus9,251
16 Palestine6,220
17 Bahrain765

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