Middle East Countries By Size

Middle East countries map.
Middle East countries map.

The Middle East is an intercontinental region centered on Egypt, Turkey, and Western Asia. The phrase ‘’Middle East’’ came into usage during the early stages of the twentieth century as a replacement of the phrase ‘’Near East’’. The Middle East occupies an area of about 2,782,860 sq miles with a population of over 371 million people. The largest country in the Middle East by land area is Saudi Arabia. 

The 3 Largest Countries In The Middle East

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is a West Asian state that covers 2,149,690 km2. Saudi Arabia is the biggest country in the Middle East, fifth-biggest in Asia, and second-largest in the Arab World. Saudi Arabia is separated from Egypt and Israel by the Gulf of Aqaba and surrounded by Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Qatar, Iraq, and Jordan. Saudi Arabia is the only state with coastlines on both the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. The Saudi Arabian terrain is made up of mountains, lowland, and desert. Saudi Arabia has one of the youngest populations on earth with half of the 33.4 million residents being below 25 years old. 


Iran is the eighteenth most populous state on earth with about 81 million inhabitants. Iran is a West Asian country that occupies an area of about 1,648,195 km2. Iran is the seventeenth-biggest state in the world and the second-largest nation in the Middle East. Iran is surrounded by Azerbaijan, Armenia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Iraq and Turkey. 


Egypt is the third largest country in the Middle East. It covers an area of 1,001,450 km2. It is located in Africa's northeastern corner in North Africa. Egypt is connected with Asia by the Sinai Peninsula land bridge. Egypt has coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. It is bordered by Palestine, Israel, Sudan, and Libya.

The Most Populous Countries In The Middle East

The Middles East had a total population of over 419,116,760 by 2015. Egypt is the most populous country in the region a population of 100,388,070. The Egyptians make up over 21.86% of the people living in the Middle East. Turkey is the second most populous state with over 83 million people followed by Iran (82,913,910), and Iraq (39,309,780).

The Largest Countries in the Middle East

RankCountryArea (km²)
1Saudi Arabia2,149,690
10United Arab Emirates83,600

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