The Czech Republic, also called Czechia, is a country in Central Europe. The country was known as Czechoslovakia and was a part of the Eastern Bloc of the Soviet Union until the 1989 Velvet Revolution put in a new liberal democratic government. In 1993 Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The position of prime minister was elected for the Czech Republic in 1992 but was not officially created until 1993. The Prime Minister of the Czech Republic is directly appointed by the President of the Czech Republic. The prime minister has no term limits and can stay in office as long they keep the confidence of the majority of the Chamber of Deputies.
Some of the prime ministers of the Czech Republic:
Václav Klaus served as the first prime minster of the Czech Republic from 1992 until 1998. He is also the longest serving prime minister in the history of the country, having spent 5 years, 364 days in office. He was the last prime minister of the Czech Republic before the dissolution of Czechoslovakia and then continued to serve as prime minister of an independent Czech Republic. Klaus played a key role in dissolving Czechoslovakia as his party the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) won twice as many seats as the second place party the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS) in the 1992 elections. Klaus need HZDS support to form a coalition government, but told their leader Vladimir Meciar that unless the HZDS was willing to agree to the countries forming a tighter federation that the countries should part ways, which is what happened. Towards the end of Klaus's time as prime minister Czech President Václav Havel massively criticized Klaus' voucher privatization policy of what had been previously state-owned enterprises, saying that it was causing economic difficulties for the country. At the end of 1997, several opponents in Klaus's ODS party forced him to step down to due his connection with accusations of funding irregularities in the ODS. Klaus stepped down as prime minister on January 2nd, 1998, but would go on to become the country's second president.
Bohuslav Sobotka (Incumbent)
Bohuslav Sobotka is the eleventh and current prime minister of the Czech Republic. In October 2013 Sobotka led his Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) to victory in the legislative election. A few days later President Miloš Zeman held a secret meeting with Michal Hašek, the First Deputy Chairman of the ČSSD and his allies in a secret post-election meeting to negotiate a possible coup within the party. They called on Sobotka to resign and kept him from the group negotiating the next government. When this event was found out about it sparked protests and led to Hašek resigning, allowing Sobotka to led the creation of the new government and become prime minister. Sobotka has mostly positive views on the European Union (EU) and in terms of the benefit the Czech Republic has from being a member of the EU. However, he has said that there would be a national debate on the issue following the withdrawal of the British from the organization.
The duties of the prime minister of the Czech Republic:
The government of Czechia is a parliamentary representative democracy, with the prime minister acting as the head of government. The first job of the prime minister is to create a government and appoint other ministers to form a cabinet. The prime minister and the cabinet, made up of government ministries heads, are then held accountable by the Chamber of Deputies form their policies and actions. The prime minister is also responsible form the organized activities of the government and chairs their meetings.
Prime Ministers Of The Czech Republic (Czechia) Since 1993
|Prime Ministers of the Czech Republic (Czechia) Since 1993||Term in Office|
|Josef Tošovský||January to July of 1998|
|Bohuslav Sobotka (Incumbent)||2014-Present|