The Czech Republic, also called Czechia, is a country in Central Europe. Together with Slovakia, it was known as Czechoslovakia and was a part of the Eastern Bloc of the Soviet Union until the 1989 Velvet Revolution put in a new liberal democratic government.
The position of prime minister was elected for the Czech Republic in 1992 and became official in 1993. The president of the Czech Republic directly appoints the prime minister. The prime minister has no term limits and can stay in office as long they keep the confidence of the majority of the Chamber of Deputies.
Select Prime Ministers of the Czech Republic
Václav Klaus served as the first prime minister of the Czech Republic from 1992 until 1998. He is also the longest-serving prime minister in the history of the country, having spent 5 years, 364 days in office. He was the last prime minister of the Czech Republic before the dissolution of Czechoslovakia and then continued to serve as prime minister of an independent Czech Republic. Klaus played a key role in dissolving Czechoslovakia as his party the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) won twice as many seats as the second place party the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS) in the 1992 elections.
Bohuslav Sobotka is the eleventh and current prime minister of the Czech Republic. In October 2013 Sobotka led his Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) to victory in the legislative election. A few days later President Miloš Zeman held a secret meeting with Michal Hašek, the First Deputy Chairman of the ČSSD and his allies in a secret post-election meeting to negotiate a possible coup within the party. They called on Sobotka to resign and kept him from the group negotiating the next government. When this event was found out about it sparked protests and led to Hašek resigning, allowing Sobotka to led the creation of the new government and become prime minister.
Andrej Babiš is the current prime minister of the Czech Republic. He was born in 1954 in Bratislava, in what is today Slovakia. He has a background in commerce and entrepreneurship.
Duties of the Prime Minister of Czechia
The government of Czechia is a parliamentary representative democracy, with the prime minister acting as the head of government. The first job of the prime minister is to create a government and appoint other ministers to form a cabinet. The prime minister and the cabinet, made up of government ministries heads, are then held accountable by the Chamber of Deputies form their policies and actions. The prime minister is also responsible for the organized activities of the government and chairs their meetings.