US citizens have been represented in the Senate by six Native American Senators since 1870 after a ratification of a Constitutional Amendment to allow them to serve. The constitution allowed the citizens to participate in electoral process irrespective of their color or race. This ratification opened the door for Native Americans to contest seats in both Senate and House of Representative across all states. It was not until 1870 that the first Native American was elected to the Senate. Some of the former Native American Senators include.
Hiram Rhodes Revels of Mississippi, Lumbee Tribe
Hiram Rhodes was a preacher turned politician who was elected to the Mississippi state senate in 1870 to replace Albert G. Brown, who had resigned following the seceding of Mississippi after the civil war. Born in 1827, his parents were of Native Americans Lumbee ancestry. In 1845 he was ordained as a preacher and served in African Methodist Episcopal Church. He attended Knox College where he studied religion and proceeded to sit as a Minister in Baltimore, Maryland. As a Senator, he advocated for equality across all races and also built the reputation of those from the African American and Native American communities as potential and able leaders
Matthew Quay of Pennsylvania, Abenaki and Lenape Tribes
Quay was born on September 30, 1833, to Anderson Quay, a Presbyterian minister with Abenaki-Lenape tribal ancestry. He graduated from Jefferson College in 1850 and was admitted to the bar four years later in 1854. He was elected to the Pennsylvania to represent Beaver County just before the start of Civil War. In 1887 after the Civil War he was elected to the United States Senate, and one year later he was elected to chair of the Republican National Committee. He served in the state until 1899 after his reelection. He contested the Republican presidential party nominations in 1896 but unfortunately finished third. In 1899 the Senate refused his election to the Senate because he was alleged to have misappropriated the State funds. In 1901 he was reelected to the Senate where he served until his death in 1904.
Robert Latham Owen of Oklahoma, Cherokee Tribe
Born from the Cherokee tribal ancestry of the welsh origin, Owen was the son of a civil engineer, Robert Latham, who was born in 1856. He attended a private school in Baltimore and graduated in 1877 as a Valedictorian. He was a good debater while in school and even received medals. He was admitted to the bar in 1880 and served on the Board of Education of the Cherokee up until 1884. Between 1892 and 1896 he served as a member of the DNC. In 1907, Owen contested and won a US senate seat due to the support he got from the Indiana Democrats as a reward for his effort in support acts that gave Indiana citizenship. He served in the senate until 1924 when he announced that he would be stepping down during that year’s elections. On March 4, 1925, he retired from Senate at the age of 69. After his retirement, he went back to practicing law and died in 1947.
Other Native American Senators
The other three Native American senators to have served the US are Charles Curtis, who was born of the Kaw-Osage-Potawatomi tribal ancestry. He served from 1907-1913 and 1915-1929, and was later nominated and elected as a US Vice President, serving alongside Herbert Hoover. Paul Husting from the Metis tribe served from 1915 and died in office in 1917, while more recently Ben Campbell represented Colorado from 1993 to 2005. He was from the Northern Cheyenne tribe.
Native American Senators Through U.S. History
|Senator, State, Tribe(s)||Term(s)|
|Hiram Rhodes Revels, Mississippi, Lumbee||1869-1871|
|Matthew Quay, Pennsylvania, Abenaki-Lenape||1887-1899; 1901-1904|
|Robert Latham Owen, Oklahoma, Cherokee||1907-1925|
|Charles Curtis, Kansas, Kaw-Osage-Pottawatomie||1907-1913; 1915-1929|
|Paul Husting, Wisconsin, Metis||1915-1917|
|Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Colorado, Northern Cheyenne||1993-2005|