World Facts

List of Independence Days by Country

A record 26 countries celebrate their independence days in the month of August.

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Attaining independence is one of the most important milestones in the history of a territory or a country. Although it is not clearly highlighted in international law, a country effectively becomes a sovereign state when the United Nations recognizes its independence. A territory can either declare independence or be granted the same by another territory that has been exercising sovereignty over it. Most independent countries celebrate their Independence Day annually as a commemoration of their independence. The day is considered a national holiday in many countries. Below are countries’ independence days by months.

A Selection of Independence Days

January to March

A total of 31 countries around the world celebrate their independence days between January 1 and March 31. Of these countries 7 commemorate the day on January 1 including Haiti, Sudan, Cuba, Cameroon, Samoa, Brunei, and the Czech Republic. Myanmar and Ukraine celebrate their independence days on January 4 and 22 respectively. 12 countries including Sri Lanka, Chile, Serbia, Lithuania, Gambia, and the Dominican Republic attained their independence in February. 

April to June 

Senegal was the first country to attain independence in April (April 4), followed by Georgia on April 9. Syria, Zimbabwe, and Irelands commemorate their independence days on April 17, 18, and 24 respectively. Both Togo and Sierra Leon share Independence Day (April 27) although they attained independence in 1960 and 1961 respectively. 12 countries across the globe observe their independence days in May, among them Latvia (May 4), Romania (9), Paraguay (15), and Georgia and Guyana (May 26). Interestingly, Israel on or between April 15 and May 15 (a day known as Iyar 5) depending on the Hebrew calendar. Countries such as Sweden, Norway, Russia, Iceland, the DRC, and 6 others attained their independence in June.

July to September

Five countries including Canada, Rwanda, Somali, Hong Kong, and Burundi have July 1 as their Independence Day. The US commemorates its Independence Day on July 4. South Sudan, the newest sovereign state, attained independence on July 9, 2011. A record 26 countries celebrate their independence days in the month of August, among them Jamaica (6), Ecuador (10), Pakistan (14), South and North Korea (15), India (15), the Congo Republic (15), Gabon (17), and Malaysia (31) among others. 21 independence days are celebrated in September of every year, including in Uzbekistan (September 1), Brazil (7), Costa Rica (15), Mexico (16), Chile (18), Mali (22), and Botswana (30).

October to December

Although Cyprus attained independence from the UK on August 16, 1960, Independence Day is celebrated on October 1. Africa’s most populated country, Nigeria, also celebrates its Independence Day on October 1. Other countries that commemorate their independence in October include Uganda (9), Fiji (10), Zambia (24), and the Czech Republic (28). Angola, Morocco, Albania, Lebanon, Panama, and Yemen celebrate their independence days on various dates in November while Portugal, Finland, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, and Qatar among other countries became independent in December.

Countries with Two Independent Days

Several countries have more than one Independence Days, partly because they attained independence twice in the course of their history. Countries such as Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Lithuania first attained independence from their colonizers then later declared independence from the Soviet Union between 1991 and 1992. Other countries considered to be having two independence days are Slovenia, Colombia, and Chile.

List of Independence Days by Country

RankCountry Independence Day
1AfghanistanAugust 19
2AlbaniaNovember 28
3AlgeriaJuly 5
4AngolaNovember 11
5AnguillaMay 30
6Antigua and BarbudaNovember 1
7ArgentinaJuly 9
8ArmeniaMay 28
9Australia03-Mar
10AustriaOctober 26
11AzerbaijanMay 28
12Bahamas, TheJuly 10
13BahrainDecember 16
14BangladeshMarch 26
15BarbadosNovember 30
16BelarusJuly 3
17BelgiumJuly 21
18BelizeSeptember 21
19BeninAugust 1
20BoliviaAugust 6
21Bosnia and HerzegovinaMarch 1
22BotswanaSeptember 30
23BrazilSeptember 7
24BruneiJanuary 1
25BulgariaMarch 3
26Burkina FasoAugust 5
27BurundiJuly 1
28CambodiaNovember 9
29CameroonJanuary 1
30CanadaJuly 1
31Cape VerdeJuly 5
32Central African RepublicAugust 13
33ChadAugust 11
34ChileSeptember 18
35China01-Oct
36ColombiaJuly 20 and August 7
37ComorosJuly 6
38Congo, Democratic Republic of theJune 30
39Congo, Republic of theAugust 15
40Costa RicaSeptember 15
41Côte d’IvoireAugust 7
42CroatiaOctober 8
43CubaJanuary 1
44CyprusOctober 1
45Czech RepublicOctober 28
46DjiboutiJune 27
47DominicaNovember 3
48Dominican Republic27-Feb
49East TimorMay 20
50EcuadorAugust 10
51El SalvadorSeptember 15
52Equatorial GuineaOctober 12
53EritreaMay 24
54EstoniaFebruary 24
55EswatiniSeptember 6
56FijiOctober 10
57FinlandDecember 6
58France14-Jul
59GabonAugust 17
60Gambia, TheFebruary 18
61GeorgiaMay 26 and April 9
62Germany03-Oct
63GhanaMarch 6
64GreeceMarch 25
65GrenadaFebruary 7
66GuatemalaSeptember 15
67GuineaOctober 2
68Guinea-BissauSeptember 24
69GuyanaMay 26
70HaitiJanuary 1
71HondurasSeptember 15
72Hong KongJuly 1
73Hungary23-Oct
74Iceland17-Jun
75IndiaAugust 15
76IndonesiaAugust 17
77IraqOctober 3
78IrelandApril 24
79Israel(On or between April 15 and May 15, depending on the Hebrew calendar).
80JamaicaAugust 6
81JordanMay 25
82KazakhstanDecember 16
83KenyaDecember 12
84KiribatiJuly 12
85PDRK (North Korea)August 15
86Republic of Korea (South Korea)March 1
87KosovoFebruary 17
88KuwaitFebruary 25
89KyrgyzstanAugust 31
90LaosOctober 22
91LatviaNovember 18
92LebanonNovember 22
93LesothoOctober 4
94LiberiaJuly 26
95LibyaDecember 24
96LithuaniaFebruary 16
97MacauDecember 20
98MadagascarJune 26
99MalawiJuly 6
100MalaysiaAugust 31
101MaldivesJuly 26
102MaliSeptember 22
103MaltaSeptember 21
104MauritaniaNovember 28
105MauritiusMarch 12
106MexicoSeptember 16
107MoldovaAugust 27
108MongoliaDecember 29[4]
109MontenegroMay 21
110MoroccoNovember 18
111MozambiqueJune 25
112MyanmarJanuary 4
113NamibiaMarch 21
114NauruJanuary 31
115Netherlands, TheJuly 26
116NicaraguaSeptember 15
117NigerAugust 3
118NigeriaOctober 1
119North MacedoniaSeptember 8
120Northern CyprusNovember 15
121NorwayMay 17
122OmanNovember 18
123PakistanAugust 14
124PanamaNovember 28
125Papua New GuineaSeptember 16
126ParaguayMay 15
127PeruJuly 28
128PhilippinesJune 12
129PolandNovember 11
130PortugalDecember 1
131QatarDecember 18
132RomaniaMay 9
133RussiaJune 12
134RwandaJuly 1
135Saint Kitts and NevisSeptember 19
136Saint LuciaFebruary 22
137Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesOctober 27
138SamoaJanuary 1
139São Tomé and PríncipeJuly 12
140SenegalApril 4
141SerbiaFebruary 15
142SeychellesJune 29
143Sierra LeoneApril 27
144SingaporeAugust 9
145SlovakiaJuly 17
146SloveniaDecember 26 and June 25
147Solomon IslandsJuly 7
148SomaliaJuly 1
149South AfricaDecember 11
150South SudanJuly 9
151Sri LankaFebruary 4
152SudanJanuary 1
153SurinameNovember 25
154SwedenJune 6
155SwitzerlandAugust 1
156SyriaApril 17
157TaiwanOctober 10
158TajikistanSeptember 9
159TanzaniaDecember 9
160TogoApril 27
161TibetFebruary 13
162TongaJune 4
163Trinidad and TobagoAugust 31
164TunisiaMarch 20
165TurkmenistanOctober 27
166TuvaluOctober 1
167UgandaOctober 9
168UkraineAugust 24
169United Arab EmiratesDecember 2
170United StatesJuly 4
171UruguayAugust 25
172UzbekistanSeptember 1
173VanuatuJuly 30
174VenezuelaJuly 5
175VietnamSeptember 2
176YemenNovember 30
177ZambiaOctober 24
178ZimbabweApril 18

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