World Facts

List of Independence Days by Country

A record 26 countries celebrate their independence days in the month of August.

Attaining independence is one of the most important milestones in the history of a territory or a country. Although it is not clearly highlighted in international law, a country effectively becomes a sovereign state when the United Nations recognizes its independence. A territory can either declare independence or be granted the same by another territory that has been exercising sovereignty over it. Most independent countries celebrate their Independence Day annually as a commemoration of their independence. The day is considered a national holiday in many countries. Below are countries’ independence days by months.

A Selection of Independence Days

January to March

A total of 31 countries around the world celebrate their independence days between January 1 and March 31. Of these countries 7 commemorate the day on January 1 including Haiti, Sudan, Cuba, Cameroon, Samoa, Brunei, and the Czech Republic. Myanmar and Ukraine celebrate their independence days on January 4 and 22 respectively. 12 countries including Sri Lanka, Chile, Serbia, Lithuania, Gambia, and the Dominican Republic attained their independence in February. 

April to June 

Senegal was the first country to attain independence in April (April 4), followed by Georgia on April 9. Syria, Zimbabwe, and Irelands commemorate their independence days on April 17, 18, and 24 respectively. Both Togo and Sierra Leon share Independence Day (April 27) although they attained independence in 1960 and 1961 respectively. 12 countries across the globe observe their independence days in May, among them Latvia (May 4), Romania (9), Paraguay (15), and Georgia and Guyana (May 26). Interestingly, Israel on or between April 15 and May 15 (a day known as Iyar 5) depending on the Hebrew calendar. Countries such as Sweden, Norway, Russia, Iceland, the DRC, and 6 others attained their independence in June.

July to September

Five countries including Canada, Rwanda, Somali, Hong Kong, and Burundi have July 1 as their Independence Day. The US commemorates its Independence Day on July 4. Algerian independence is celebrated on July 5. South Sudan, the newest sovereign state, attained independence on July 9, 2011. A record 26 countries celebrate their independence days in the month of August, among them Jamaica (6), Ecuador (10), Pakistan (14), South and North Korea (15), India (15), the Congo Republic (15), Gabon (17), and Malaysia (31) among others. 21 independence days are celebrated in September of every year, including in Uzbekistan (September 1), Brazil (7), Costa Rica (15), Mexico (16), Chile (18), Mali (22), and Botswana (30).

October to December

Although Cyprus attained independence from the UK on August 16, 1960, Independence Day is celebrated on October 1. Africa’s most populated country, Nigeria, also celebrates its Independence Day on October 1. Other countries that commemorate their independence in October include Uganda (9), Fiji (10), Zambia (24), and the Czech Republic (28). Angola, Morocco, Albania, Lebanon, Panama, and Yemen celebrate their independence days on various dates in November while Portugal, Finland, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, and Qatar among other countries became independent in December.

Countries with Two Independent Days

Several countries have more than one Independence Days, partly because they attained independence twice in the course of their history. Countries such as Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Lithuania first attained independence from their colonizers then later declared independence from the Soviet Union between 1991 and 1992. Other countries considered to be having two independence days are Slovenia, Colombia, and Chile.

List of Independence Days by Country

RankCountry Independence Day
1 AfghanistanAugust 19
2 AlbaniaNovember 28
3 AlgeriaJuly 5
4 AngolaNovember 11
5 AnguillaMay 30
6 Antigua and BarbudaNovember 1
7 ArgentinaJuly 9
8 ArmeniaMay 28
9 Australia03-Mar
10 AustriaOctober 26
11 AzerbaijanMay 28
12 Bahamas, TheJuly 10
13 BahrainDecember 16
14 BangladeshMarch 26
15 BarbadosNovember 30
16 BelarusJuly 3
17 BelgiumJuly 21
18 BelizeSeptember 21
19 BeninAugust 1
20 BoliviaAugust 6
21 Bosnia and HerzegovinaMarch 1
22 BotswanaSeptember 30
23 BrazilSeptember 7
24 BruneiJanuary 1
25 BulgariaMarch 3
26 Burkina FasoAugust 5
27 BurundiJuly 1
28 CambodiaNovember 9
29 CameroonJanuary 1
30 CanadaJuly 1
31 Cape VerdeJuly 5
32 Central African RepublicAugust 13
33 ChadAugust 11
34 ChileSeptember 18
35 China01-Oct
36 ColombiaJuly 20 and August 7
37 ComorosJuly 6
38 Congo, Democratic Republic of theJune 30
39 Congo, Republic of theAugust 15
40 Costa RicaSeptember 15
41 Côte d’IvoireAugust 7
42 CroatiaOctober 8
43 CubaJanuary 1
44 CyprusOctober 1
45 Czech RepublicOctober 28
46 DjiboutiJune 27
47 DominicaNovember 3
48Dominican Republic27-Feb
49 East TimorMay 20
50 EcuadorAugust 10
51 El SalvadorSeptember 15
52 Equatorial GuineaOctober 12
53 EritreaMay 24
54 EstoniaFebruary 24
55 EswatiniSeptember 6
56 FijiOctober 10
57 FinlandDecember 6
58 France14-Jul
59 GabonAugust 17
60 Gambia, TheFebruary 18
61 GeorgiaMay 26 and April 9
62 Germany03-Oct
63 GhanaMarch 6
64 GreeceMarch 25
65 GrenadaFebruary 7
66 GuatemalaSeptember 15
67 GuineaOctober 2
68 Guinea-BissauSeptember 24
69 GuyanaMay 26
70 HaitiJanuary 1
71 HondurasSeptember 15
72 Hong KongJuly 1
73 Hungary23-Oct
74 Iceland17-Jun
75 IndiaAugust 15
76 IndonesiaAugust 17
77 IraqOctober 3
78 IrelandApril 24
79(On or between April 15 and May 15, depending on the Hebrew calendar).
80 JamaicaAugust 6
81 JordanMay 25
82 KazakhstanDecember 16
83 KenyaDecember 12
84 KiribatiJuly 12
85 PDRK (North Korea)August 15
86 Republic of Korea (South Korea)March 1
87 KosovoFebruary 17
88 KuwaitFebruary 25
89 KyrgyzstanAugust 31
90 LaosOctober 22
91 LatviaNovember 18
92 LebanonNovember 22
93 LesothoOctober 4
94 LiberiaJuly 26
95 LibyaDecember 24
96 LithuaniaFebruary 16
97 MacauDecember 20
98 MadagascarJune 26
99 MalawiJuly 6
100 MalaysiaAugust 31
101 MaldivesJuly 26
102 MaliSeptember 22
103 MaltaSeptember 21
104 MauritaniaNovember 28
105 MauritiusMarch 12
106 MexicoSeptember 16
107 MoldovaAugust 27
108 MongoliaDecember 29[4]
109 MontenegroMay 21
110 MoroccoNovember 18
111 MozambiqueJune 25
112 MyanmarJanuary 4
113 NamibiaMarch 21
114 NauruJanuary 31
115 Netherlands, TheJuly 26
116 NicaraguaSeptember 15
117 NigerAugust 3
118 NigeriaOctober 1
119 North MacedoniaSeptember 8
120 Northern CyprusNovember 15
121 NorwayMay 17
122 OmanNovember 18
123 PakistanAugust 14
124 PanamaNovember 28
125 Papua New GuineaSeptember 16
126 ParaguayMay 15
127 PeruJuly 28
128 PhilippinesJune 12
129 PolandNovember 11
130 PortugalDecember 1
131 QatarDecember 18
132 RomaniaMay 9
133 RussiaJune 12
134 RwandaJuly 1
135 Saint Kitts and NevisSeptember 19
136 Saint LuciaFebruary 22
137 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesOctober 27
138 SamoaJanuary 1
139 São Tomé and PríncipeJuly 12
140 SenegalApril 4
141 SerbiaFebruary 15
142 SeychellesJune 29
143 Sierra LeoneApril 27
144 SingaporeAugust 9
145 SlovakiaJuly 17
146 SloveniaDecember 26 and June 25
147 Solomon IslandsJuly 7
148 SomaliaJuly 1
149 South AfricaDecember 11
150 South SudanJuly 9
151 Sri LankaFebruary 4
152 SudanJanuary 1
153 SurinameNovember 25
154 SwedenJune 6
155 SwitzerlandAugust 1
156 SyriaApril 17
157 TaiwanOctober 10
158 TajikistanSeptember 9
159 TanzaniaDecember 9
160 TogoApril 27
161 TibetFebruary 13
162 TongaJune 4
163 Trinidad and TobagoAugust 31
164 TunisiaMarch 20
165 TurkmenistanOctober 27
166 TuvaluOctober 1
167 UgandaOctober 9
168 UkraineAugust 24
169 United Arab EmiratesDecember 2
170 United StatesJuly 4
171 UruguayAugust 25
172 UzbekistanSeptember 1
173 VanuatuJuly 30
174 VenezuelaJuly 5
175 VietnamSeptember 2
176 YemenNovember 30
177 ZambiaOctober 24
178 ZimbabweApril 18

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