Largest Ethnic Groups In Mexico

People walk down a busy street in Mexico. Editorial credit: EddieHernandezPhotography /
People walk down a busy street in Mexico. Editorial credit: EddieHernandezPhotography /

Mexico is a country with a rich history, many unique traditions, and a diverse multicultural heritage. Mexico borders the United States of America to the north. In terms of land area, Mexico is close to one-fifth of the size of the United States. Mexico consists of different ethnic groups. While the government of Mexico does not keep official statistics on ethnicity, the CIA World Factbook estimates that Mestizo Mexicans represent the largest ethnic group. Mestizo Mexicans are those with a mixture of Amerindian and European heritage. 

Mestizo (Amerindian/European) 

Mexican Mestizo is the largest ethnic group in Mexico, accounting for around 62% of the national population. Mestizo Mexicans are people of blended descent. Their origin is principally the intermarriage between the indigenous people of Mexico and Europeans, furthermore, to a lesser degree, Africans and Asians. Mestizo culture is diverse, and incorporates some cultural elements of African, Asian, Mexican and European culture.

Mostly Amerindian (Native Americans)

Amerindians, or Native Americans, are the second largest ethnic group in Mexico with around a 21% share of the general population. Amerindians are part of the ethnic group in Mexico that follow the roots of the people that existed in what is now Mexico who preceded the Europeans. The history of Amerindian or Native American are thought to originate from migration people from Eurasia to the Americas that occurred via Beringia, an extension of an area which connected the two continents several centuries ago, over what is currently the Bering Strait. The Natives, who lived in Brazil by 1500, are thought to be direct descendants of the earliest migrants who crossed the Bering land bridge in the last ice age.

Other/White (European) Mexicans

Approximately 10% of the population in Mexico is classified as "other". The majority come from European descent. The history of the European Americans is traced to the descendants of the Spanish who conquered the Aztec Empire in the early 16th Century. 


Amerindian (or Indigenous) Mexicans lived in Mexico before the arrival of the Europeans. Indigenous peoples of Mexico lived in complex societies dating back thousands of years. Some of the states with the largest Indigenous populations include Oaxaca, Chiapas, and Veracruz. 

Cultural Diversity

Mexico has a diverse culture reflecting the diverse origins of its citizens. The unique culture of Mexico is one of the reasons why the country is one of the most-visited in the world. 

Largest Ethnic Groups In Mexico

RankEthnic GroupPopulation (%)
1Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish)62.0
2Mostly Amerindian21.0

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