Largest Ethnic Groups In Mexico

Mexico is a country with rich a history, many unique traditions, and a diverse multicultural heritage. Mexico borders the United States of America to the north. In terms of land area, Mexico is close to one-fifth of the size of the United States. Mexico consists of different ethnic groups and the Mestizo take the largest share of the Mexican population, followed by the Amerindian or the Native Americans, and then by the European Mexicans and the Black Mexicans, while the Arab, or Levantine, Mexican make up the smallest share of the population. Mexico also consists of other smaller ethnic groups, but the majority of Mexican citizens share a combined Native American and European ancestry (known as Mestizo). Mestizo Mexican is the main ethnic group in Mexico today.


Mexican Mestizo is the largest ethnic group in Mexico, and these people account for around 62% of the national population. Mestizo Mexicans are people of blended descent. Their origin is principally the intermarriage between the indigenous people of Mexico and Europeans, furthermore, to a lesser degree, Africans and Asians. The history of the Mexican Mestizo originates from the African and Asian intermarriage basically to African slaves in the Spanish colonies. There was also the intermarriage with Filipinos and Chinese. Mestizo culture is diverse, and incorporates some cultural elements of the Africans, Asians, Mexicans and Europeans.

Amerindians (Native Americans)

Amerindians, or Native Americans, are the second largest ethnic group in Mexico with around a 27% share of the general population. Amerindians are part of the ethnic group in Mexico that follow the roots of the people that existed in what is now Mexico who preceding the Europeans. The history of Amerindian or Native American are thought to originate from migration people from Eurasia to the Americas that occurred via Beringia, an extension of an area which connected the two continents several centuries ago, over what is currently the Bering Strait. The Natives, who lived in Brazil by 1500, are thought to be direct descendants of the earliest migrants who crossed the Bering land bridge in the last ice age

White (European) Mexicans

White Mexicans are those of predominately European descent, and this ethnic group constitutes an estimated 9% of the population in Mexico. The history of the European Americans is traced to the descendants of the Spanish who conquered the Aztec Empire in the early 16th Century. The culture of the white Mexicans have had a profound impact in the region and explains why the Spanish language is widely spoken, and most other European Languages has been declining.

Black Mexicans

Black Mexicans are also known as Afro-Mexicans, and are those peoples whose origins can be traced to the Sub-Saharan region of Africa. Black Mexicans make up 1% of the total population in Mexico. Black Mexicans in Mexico are the immigrants in the recent past and descendants of African slaves, and they are mainly the communities of northern Mexico, Costa Chica of Oaxaca and Guerrero and Veracruz. Black Mexicans have no distinctive culture of their own, but their culture is shared among other ethnic groups in the country.

Arab or Levantine Mexicans

Arab Mexicans are an ethnic group who speak Arabic and have an Arabic ancestral origin. Today, almost one million Arab Mexicans are Syrian, Palestinian, Iraqi, Lebanese or Moroccan. Arab Mexicans are the smallest ethnic group in the country with a population size making up 1% of the total population. Arab Mexicans have diverse cultural practices.

Cultural Diversity

Mexico's largest ethnic groups are comprised of the Native Americans and the Europeans, whether alone or combined. Mexican Mestizo is the biggest ethnic group in the country. Amerindian or the Native Americans are the second largest ethnic group in Mexico. White Mexicans are the third largest ethnic group then followed by the Black and Arab Mexicans which are the smallest. Mexico has a diverse culture reflecting the diverse origins of its citizens.

RankEthnic GroupShare of Mexican Population
2Amerindian/Native American27%
3White (European) Mexican9%
4Black Mexican1%
5Arab or Levantine Mexican1%

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