In the beginning of the Space Race, the USA and the USSR (Russia) were the main countries who set their sights on space. However, in later years, other countries began sending their astronauts into space, including Germany, China, Japan, Canada, France, Italy and more. Astronauts and cosmonauts from several countries have reached the space surface and have explored it according to the FAI guidelines. America, USSR, and Japan are the top three countries to have sent the most number of space travelers in space.
Americans in Space
As of 2019, 339 Americans have been into space, a world record. This number represents a total of 61.30% of the world's total cosmonauts. The first American in space was Alan Shepard, an astronaut who was launched into space in May 1961. The first American woman in space was Sally Ride, who traveled into the solar system in 1983.
How Many Russians Have Been Into Space?
In second place is Russia, which has sent the second highest number of astronauts into space when those from the USSR are also considered. The first Russian to go into space was Yari Gagarin, who was also the first human from any country to go into Space. His cosmic journey happened on April 12, 1961.
Future Plans Of Space Travel And Its Development
One of the major achievements in space traveling was the launch of International Space Station in 1998, which made possible for cosmonauts to survive in space with the help of oxygen masks and other scientific equipment. NASA’s Indian-origin astronaut Sunita Williams along with her fellow astronauts stayed for nearly six months in space, making a record at that time. After the successful travel to the moon, by 2020, NASA is planning to send astronauts to Mars.
It is an ambitious mission with a lot of risks, but NASA is designing a special aircraft to ensure the safety and wellbeing of the travelers. Astronauts are planning to grow vegetables, plants after the successful flowering of a flower in the space. There are challenges, errors, difficulties, and risks, but the indomitable spirit of the scientists and astronauts have made the impossible possible, and it will continue to prove this statement true in the future to come.