Taiwan, officially referred to as the Republic of China (ROC) is a country in East Asia with a population of 23.4 million. It is a different country from the People Republic of China (PRC) which it borders to the west, to the east it borders Japan and Philippines to the South. It was first governed by European settlers before it was annexed by China and later surrendered to the Japanese. After Japan had surrendered in Second World War, the ROC took over the governance of the state. It is not recognized as a sovereign country, and the PRC regards it as one of its provinces although it has a president, vice president, and a functioning government. It is not a member of the UN even though is developing politically, technologically and urbanization is at its peak. These are some of the cities found in Taiwan.
Biggest Cities in Taiwan
New Taipei City
The city is also known as Xinbei. It is the most populated city in Taiwan with a population of approximately 3,972,204. It is located in the northern part of the country and is the second largest municipality in the country. It was named New Taipei City in 2010 when its population superseded that of Taipei City. Historical records show that the city was established as early as the Neolithic period. It experiences a humid subtropical climate with ample rainfall and seasonal monsoon winds. It is home to 952 temples, 120 churches, and 160 Buddhist-Taoist temples. It is the second major industrial city after Taipei with more than 20,000 factories and generates a total capital of $1.8 trillion.
Kaohsiung City is a city found in southwest Taiwan and faces the Taiwan Strait. It is the largest municipality in the country, covering a total area of 1,139.72 square miles, it is also the second most populous city with a population of 2,778,918 and a density of 942.2 per square mile. It houses the largest harbor and the second largest airport. It is served by a high-speed rail system and a mass rapid transport system. The city was inhabited by the Hoklo immigrants. It experiences tropical savanna climate with the temperature ranging between 20 to 29 °C (68 to 84 °F). It is an industrial city exporting agricultural products such as rice, bananas, aluminum, and cement.
Taichung city is the located in central western Taiwan. It is the third largest municipality in terms of area and population, with a population of 2,752,413. The city is a merger of Taichung County and Taichung City and forms a special municipality known as Taichung city. Taichung experiences a humid subtropical climate and an average temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F). It has a diverse economy that includes both technological and traditional systems. It is known for manufacturing bicycles and sports artifacts. The rail and seaport provide transport into the town. Due to lack of a mass rail transport system, the city experiences heavy traffic jam and congested streets.
Taipei City, The Political, Economic, And Cultural Capital Of Taiwan
Taipei City is the capital city of Taiwan, it is located in the northern part of the country and has a population of approximately 2,704,974. It is the political, educational, economic, and cultural center of the country. It lies in the Taipei Basin. The city was established by the Han Chinese immigrants and was home to the Ketagalan tribe in the 18th century. Due to the Monsoon winds, the country experiences a humid Subtropical climate. The proximity of the city to the sea and the windy conditions make the air quality in Taipei better that other cities in Asia. It is home to thousands of industrial firms and holds as at 2012; it held the largest foreign exchange reserve at a total of $ 403 billion. The city is served by a mass rapid transport system which includes rail and road, the rise in population and urbanization is a problem facing the city. Global warming is also a threat to the city as signs of hurricanes appear.