The republic of Indonesia is a sovereign state that is located Southeast Asia with some of its territories in Oceania. The country is found between the Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Indonesia is the 14th largest country in the world by land area and the 4th most largest by population with 260 million inhabitants.
Top 5 Cities
Jakarta is Indonesia’s capital and the most populated city in the country with a total population of 10,075,310 as of the 2014 census. Jakarta is the country’s cultural, political, and economic center. One-sixth of Indonesia’s GDP is generated by Jakarta. The major contributors to the economy of Jakarta are financial services, trading, manufacturing, and banking. Jakarta’s economic growth has been more than 6% since 2009. However, cost of living remains high in the city whose property market is prosperous. The main reason why Jakarta’s population has been growing since 1951 is due to the attraction of employment opportunities. In 2010, the sex ratio was 102.8 males per 100 females. Jakarta is home to the University of Indonesia which is the oldest institution of higher learning in Indonesia. The city, therefore, attracts a lot of students from around the country.
Surabaya is a city situated in the north-eastern section of the island of Java. It is Jawa Timur’s capital and Indonesia’s second largest city after Jakarta. The city had a population of 2.8 million according to the census carried out in 2010. Surabaya has an annual population growth of approximately 1.2%. The entire metropolitan area, however, has a population of 6 million people. Surabaya is among one of the busiest ports in Indonesia that are used to export tobacco, coffee, and sugar. Surabaya is a business center that has been influenced by industrial growth. The city is also home to various institutions and universities for instant Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya and the Airlangga University.
Bandung is the 2nd largest metropolitan in Indonesia with a population of 8,495,928 people according to the 2015 statistics. The city has a population of 2.6 million and it comes third as the most populated city in Indonesia. The population density of the city is 13,693/km square. The majority of the city’s population are the people of Sundanese descent. The major contributors to Bandung economy are the manufacturing industries, tourism, creative industry, business, technology, and financial services. The city has over 50 institutions of higher education and is a major educational destination in Indonesia.
Medan is situated on the coast of Sumatra Islands and is the capital of the North Sumatra province. The city is the 3rd biggest behind Jakarta and Surabaya. Mean has a population of 2,097,610 inhabitants and is, therefore, the largest settlement that is found away from the island of Java. In the category of the most populous city, it comes 4th after Surabaya, Jakarta, and Bandung. The city has a population density of 8, 339 per km square. Medan is a major economic hub in Indonesia whose most economy comes from rubber, tobacco, tea, and coffee. Its proximity to Singapore has also played to its economic advantage.
Semarang City is the capital of the Province of Central Java that is on the north Coast of Java Island in Indonesia. The city’s population is at 1.8 million and it covers an area of a 373.78km square. It is the 5th most populous city in the country. The city is a major shipping port in the central Java and has small manufacturing industries that produce processed food, furniture, and textiles. Semarang has an average annual population growth of 0.37% and a GDP growth of 6%. The sex ratio is at 98.8 males per 100 females. The city though has illiteracy levels of approximately 9.5%. There are numerous schools offering basic education in Semarang and 20 institutions of higher learning. The most popular universities in Semarang are Soegijapranata University and Diponegoro University.