Virginia Geography

Much of Virginia is a hilly (heavily forested) mountainous landscape, one dominated by ranges of the Appalachian Mountains that extend through the western half of the state; literally covering its entire western border with Kentucky and West Virginia, and a small portion of its northern border with Maryland.

The significant mountains ranges within Virginia include the Allegheny Mountains, a range that stretches north into Pennsylvania, and the beautiful Blue Ridge Mountains that extend south through North Carolina, and on into Georgia.

The tallest peaks are in the southwest, where the highest point, Mt. Rogers, stands at 5,729 ft.

Named for the river that dissects it, the 150-mile-long Shenandoah Valley is nestled between the Blue Ridge and the Allegheny Mountains. It remains one of the state's most productive agricultural areas.

From the central hills, the land slopes through the Piedmont Plateau, then gradually to the Chesapeake Bay and the lowlands of the Atlantic Coastal Plain.

The Delmarva Peninsula occupies portions of three U.S. states: Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. The peninsula is about 180 long, and nearly 71 miles wide. It's bordered by the Chesapeake Bay on the west, and the Delaware River, Delaware Bay, and Atlantic Ocean on the east. The peninsula's land is a mostly flat with a few low-lying hills. Sandy beach fronts the Atlantic Ocean.

Significant rivers include the James, Potomac, Shenandoah, Rappahannock, and York. Large inland bodies of water include the John H. Kerr Reservoir and Smith Mountain Lake.

Hampton Roads is one of the world's biggest and most vital natural harbors, and incorporates the mouths of the Elizabeth, James and Nansemond Rivers with several smaller rivers. It's notable for being a year-round ice-free harbor.

For a closer look at the topography of Virginia, view this topographic map.

Virginia Photographs

Blue Ridge Mountains Catawba Rhododendron, Blue Ridge Parkway, Virginia, USA

Blue Ridge Mountains...
by Charles Gurche
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Virginia Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Parksley Accomack 757
Charlottesville Albemarle 434
Alexandria Alexandria City 703
Clifton Forge Alleghany 540
Amelia Court House Amelia 804
Madison Heights Amherst 434
Appomattox Appomattox 434
Arlington Arlington 703
Stuarts Draft Augusta 540
Hot Springs Bath 540
Forest Bedford 434
Bedford Bedford City 540
Bland Bland 276
Troutville Botetourt 540
Bristol Bristol 276
Lawrenceville Brunswick 434
Grundy Buchanan 276
Scottsville Buckingham 434
Buena Vista Buena Vista City 540
Rustburg Campbell 434
Ruther Glen Caroline 804
Hillsville Carroll 276
Charles City Charles City 804
Keysville Charlotte 434
Charlottesville Charlottesville City 434
Chesapeake Chesapeake City 757
Richmond Chesterfield 804
Berryville Clarke 540
Colonial Heights Colonial Heights City 804
Covington Covington City 540
New Castle Craig 540
Culpeper Culpeper 540
Cumberland Cumberland 804
Danville Danville City 434
Clintwood Dickenson 276
Dinwiddie Dinwiddie 804
Emporia Emporia City 434
Tappahannock Essex 804
Alexandria Fairfax 703
Falls Church Fairfax 703
Springfield Fairfax 703
Fairfax Fairfax 703
Fairfax City Fairfax City 703
Falls Church Falls Church City 703
Warrenton Fauquier 540
Floyd Floyd 540
Palmyra Fluvanna 434
Rocky Mount Franklin 540
Franklin Franklin City 757
Winchester Frederick 540
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg City 540
Galax Galax City 276
Pearisburg Giles 540
Gloucester Gloucester 804
Goochland Goochland 804
Independence Grayson 276
Ruckersville Greene 434
Jarratt Greensville 434
South Boston Halifax 434
Hampton Hampton City 757
Mechanicsville Hanover 804
Harrisonburg Harrisonburg City 540
Henrico Henrico 804
Martinsville Henry 276
Monterey Highland 540
Hopewell Hopewell City 804
Smithfield Isle of Wight 757
Williamsburg James City 757
Saint Stephens Church King and Queen 804
King George King George 540
Aylett King William 804
Lancaster Lancaster 804
Jonesville Lee 276
Lexington Lexington City 540
Ashburn Loudoun 703
Louisa Louisa 540
Victoria Lunenburg 434
Lynchburg Lynchburg City 434
Madison Madison 540
Manassas Manassas City 703
Manassas Park Manassas Park City 703
Martinsville City Martinsville City 276
Mathews Mathews 804
South Hill Mecklenburg 434
Saluda Middlesex 804
Blacksburg Montgomery 540
Afton Nelson 540
Quinton New Kent 804
Newport News Newport News City 757
Norfolk Norfolk City 757
Cape Charles Northampton 757
Heathsville Northumberland 804
Norton Norton City 276
Blackstone Nottoway 434
Locust Grove Orange 540
Luray Page 540
Stuart Patrick 276
Petersburg Petersburg City 804
Chatham Pittsylvania 434
Poquoson Poquoson City 757
Portsmouth Portsmouth City 757
Powhatan Powhatan 804
Farmville Prince Edward 434
Prince George Prince George 804
Manassas Prince William 703
Woodbridge Prince William 703
Pulaski Pulaski 540
Radford Radford City 540
Sperryville Rappahannock 540
Warsaw Richmond 804
Richmond Richmond City 804
Roanoke Roanoke 540
Roanoke Roanoke City 540
Raphine Rockbridge 540
Elkton Rockingham 540
Lebanon Russell 276
Salem Salem 540
Gate City Scott 276
Strasburg Shenandoah 540
Marion Smyth 276
Courtland Southampton 757
Fredericksburg Spotsylvania 540
Stafford Stafford 540
Staunton Staunton City 540
Suffolk Suffolk City 757
Surry Surry 757
Waverly Sussex 804
Bluefield Tazewell 276
Virginia Beach Virginia Beach City 757
Front Royal Warren 540
Abingdon Washington 276
Waynesboro Waynesboro City 540
Colonial Beach Westmoreland 804
Williamsburg Williamsburg City 757
Winchester Winchester City 540
Big Stone Gap Wise 276
Wytheville Wythe 276
Yorktown York 757
This page was last modified on September 29, 2015.