Virginia

Virginia Description

Prior to England's assertive attempts to colonize North America, land that extended from South Carolina all the way north to the Canadian Maritimes was named "Virginia," in honor of England's "Virgin Queen," Queen Elizabeth I.

queen elizabeth IIn the middle of the 16th century the Spanish were the first outsiders to actually explore Virginia; all of their attempts to settle the area eventually failed due to Indian reprisals and inadequate supplies.

Sir Walter Raleigh, the fabled English explorer, and friends, sponsored (paid for) two attempts to establish a colony on Roanoke island - now part of North Carolina. The first colony quickly failed, and the second one, now referred to as the "Lost Colony" completely disappeared without a trace after critical supplies from England arrived three years late. Their fate is yet unknown.

King James I assumed England's throne in 1603, and in an effort to raise funds, granted a charter (for financial considerations) to the Virginia Company in 1606, a group of London based entrepreneurs. That company planned to successfully colonize this New World; find a water route to the Orient, and discover untold riches in gold. Well, in the end, there proved to be no gold in Virginia.

jamestown, virginiaRegardless, in December of 1606 - with little preparation - a group of colonists (in three ships) left England bound for this New World. First coming ashore at the entrance to Chesapeake Bay; after some initial exploration of the landscape, they would later settle 40 miles inland on an island they named Jamestown in May of 1607.

The Jamestown settlement soon struggled to survive. At first, short on food and unable to grow their own crops, the colonists, with the help of Captain John Smith, were able to secure small amounts of food and an uneasy peace with the Native Americans.

For the next few years human suffering and tragedy were the order of the day; supply ships failed to arrive in a timely manner, disease and starvation killed many, and most of the remaining colonists were ready to abandon Jamestown, when Smith, seriously injured by a gunpowder burn, returned to England for treatment in Oct. 1609.

Then in 1610, Sir Thomas West (Baron De Lar Warr) arrived from England in an effort to salvage the colony. He brought 150 men, and much-needed food, tools and additional supplies. On his ship was a businessman named John Rolfe; he would later kidnap and marry Pocahontas, the daughter of a powerful Indian chief.

john smithTo that time, efforts to introduce profitable industries into the Virginia colony had all failed until (John Rolfe) introduced his new tobacco blend. The crop succeeded and the first shipments of this cash crop were exported to England in 1612; the colony survived and economic prosperity was now a possibility.

Settlements and plantation farms soon spread beyond Jamestown; in 1619, 90 women arrived from England, all destined to help populate those settlements as wives for the male colonists. That same year a few African servants arrived; they were put to work in the tobacco fields, thus marking the beginning of America's slavery years.

Upset with this expansion, the Powhatan Indians wanted their ancestral lands back. On "Good Friday," March 22, 1622, they suddenly began coordinated (surprise) attacks on all of the settlements; almost 400 colonists (men, women and children) were killed in an event now remembered as the Indian Massacre of 1622.


Virginia Photographs

CITY ATTRACTIONS & MAPS:

welcomeAerial View of the Pentagon and Arlington Cemetery, Virginia

Aerial View of the Pentagon and Arlington Cemetery...
by Kenneth Garrett
Buy This at Allposters.com

The Richmond, Virginia Skyline at Twilight

The Richmond skyline...
by Medford Taylor
Buy This at Allposters.com

Virginia Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Parksley Accomack 757
Charlottesville Albemarle 434
Alexandria Alexandria City 703
Clifton Forge Alleghany 540
Amelia Court House Amelia 804
Madison Heights Amherst 434
Appomattox Appomattox 434
Arlington Arlington 703
Stuarts Draft Augusta 540
Hot Springs Bath 540
Forest Bedford 434
Bedford Bedford City 540
Bland Bland 276
Troutville Botetourt 540
Bristol Bristol 276
Lawrenceville Brunswick 434
Grundy Buchanan 276
Scottsville Buckingham 434
Buena Vista Buena Vista City 540
Rustburg Campbell 434
Ruther Glen Caroline 804
Hillsville Carroll 276
Charles City Charles City 804
Keysville Charlotte 434
Charlottesville Charlottesville City 434
Chesapeake Chesapeake City 757
Richmond Chesterfield 804
Berryville Clarke 540
Colonial Heights Colonial Heights City 804
Covington Covington City 540
New Castle Craig 540
Culpeper Culpeper 540
Cumberland Cumberland 804
Danville Danville City 434
Clintwood Dickenson 276
Dinwiddie Dinwiddie 804
Emporia Emporia City 434
Tappahannock Essex 804
Alexandria Fairfax 703
Falls Church Fairfax 703
Springfield Fairfax 703
Fairfax Fairfax 703
Fairfax City Fairfax City 703
Falls Church Falls Church City 703
Warrenton Fauquier 540
Floyd Floyd 540
Palmyra Fluvanna 434
Rocky Mount Franklin 540
Franklin Franklin City 757
Winchester Frederick 540
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg City 540
Galax Galax City 276
Pearisburg Giles 540
Gloucester Gloucester 804
Goochland Goochland 804
Independence Grayson 276
Ruckersville Greene 434
Jarratt Greensville 434
South Boston Halifax 434
Hampton Hampton City 757
Mechanicsville Hanover 804
Harrisonburg Harrisonburg City 540
Henrico Henrico 804
Martinsville Henry 276
Monterey Highland 540
Hopewell Hopewell City 804
Smithfield Isle of Wight 757
Williamsburg James City 757
Saint Stephens Church King and Queen 804
King George King George 540
Aylett King William 804
Lancaster Lancaster 804
Jonesville Lee 276
Lexington Lexington City 540
Ashburn Loudoun 703
Louisa Louisa 540
Victoria Lunenburg 434
Lynchburg Lynchburg City 434
Madison Madison 540
Manassas Manassas City 703
Manassas Park Manassas Park City 703
Martinsville City Martinsville City 276
Mathews Mathews 804
South Hill Mecklenburg 434
Saluda Middlesex 804
Blacksburg Montgomery 540
Afton Nelson 540
Quinton New Kent 804
Newport News Newport News City 757
Norfolk Norfolk City 757
Cape Charles Northampton 757
Heathsville Northumberland 804
Norton Norton City 276
Blackstone Nottoway 434
Locust Grove Orange 540
Luray Page 540
Stuart Patrick 276
Petersburg Petersburg City 804
Chatham Pittsylvania 434
Poquoson Poquoson City 757
Portsmouth Portsmouth City 757
Powhatan Powhatan 804
Farmville Prince Edward 434
Prince George Prince George 804
Manassas Prince William 703
Woodbridge Prince William 703
Pulaski Pulaski 540
Radford Radford City 540
Sperryville Rappahannock 540
Warsaw Richmond 804
Richmond Richmond City 804
Roanoke Roanoke 540
Roanoke Roanoke City 540
Raphine Rockbridge 540
Elkton Rockingham 540
Lebanon Russell 276
Salem Salem 540
Gate City Scott 276
Strasburg Shenandoah 540
Marion Smyth 276
Courtland Southampton 757
Fredericksburg Spotsylvania 540
Stafford Stafford 540
Staunton Staunton City 540
Suffolk Suffolk City 757
Surry Surry 757
Waverly Sussex 804
Bluefield Tazewell 276
Virginia Beach Virginia Beach City 757
Front Royal Warren 540
Abingdon Washington 276
Waynesboro Waynesboro City 540
Colonial Beach Westmoreland 804
Williamsburg Williamsburg City 757
Winchester Winchester City 540
Big Stone Gap Wise 276
Wytheville Wythe 276
Yorktown York 757