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Mississippi

Mississippi History Timeline

1500s - 1600s
  • (1540 - 1541) Hernando De Soto entered Mississippi; discovered Mississippi River
  • (1673) French missionary, Father Jacques Marquette, and fur trapper Louis Joliet explored Mississippi River; reaching the Gulf Coast
  • (1699) Pierre LeMoyne, Jean Baptiste built Fort Maurepas, first capital of French colony on North American continent
1700s
  • (1716) Fort Rosalie (now Natchez) established
  • (1729) French settlers at Fort Rosalie massacred by Natchez Indians
  • (1732) French retaliated against Natchez Indians; tribe ceased to exist
  • (1736) Chickasaw Indians defeated French at battle of Ackia
  • (1763) Mississippi passed into English control after French and Indian War
  • (1779) Spanish Louisiana governor, Bernardo Galvez, captured Natchez
  • (1781 - 1783) Mississippi divided - Spain controlled south; America controlled north
  • (1797) Spain ceded Mississippi to America
  • (1798) Mississippi organized as American territory
1800s
  • (1801 - 1802) Natchez Trail developed as mail route, major road; capital moved from Natchez to Washington, Mississippi
  • (1805) Choctaw sold 4.5 million acres of land to U. S.
  • (1812) War of 1812 began; Mississippi took control of West Florida territory
  • (1815) War of 1812 ended
  • (1816) Treaty with Choctaw Indians opened land around Tombigbee Prairie for settlement
  • (1817) Mississippi became 20th state; Indian lands opened for white settlement
  • (1822) State capital moved to Jackson
  • (1830) All Choctaw territory east of Mississippi River ceded to U. S.; Choctaws left state; all Chickasaw territory in north ceded to U. S.; Chickasaws moved to Oklahoma
  • (1850) U. S. Congress gave Mississippi three million acres of swamp and overflow land; levees were built along river, created Delta; land available for cultivation; Compromise of 1850 allowed slavery
  • (1861) Civil War began; Mississippi seceded from Union; Ship Island captured by Union army
  • (1862) Union captured Corinth
  • (1863) Emancipation Proclamation abolished slavery
  • (1865) Civil War ended
  • (1867) U.S. Congress rejected state's reconstructed government; military government established
  • (1868) Voters rejected biracial constitutional "Black and Tan Convention" which protected rights of ex-slaves, punished ex-Confederates
  • (1869) Constitution which did not punish ex-Confederates ratified
  • (1870) Mississippi readmitted to Union; public education established
  • (1890) New state constitution adopted

1900s

  • (1903) New capitol building dedicated in Jackson
  • (1907) Boll weevils destroyed cotton crops
  • (1908) Statewide prohibition adopted
  • (1922) System of junior colleges authorized by State Legislature (first in the U. S.)
  • (1927) Mississippi River flooded 2,722,000 acres in Delta area; thousands homeless
  • (1932) State sales tax became effective
  • (1939) First oil well drilled in Yazoo County
  • (1954) Brown vs. Board of Education ruling laid groundwork for desegregation
  • (1962) James Meredith, first black registrant, entered University of Mississippi
  • (1964) Civil Rights Act passed outlawing segregation in public places
  • (1969) Segregation in public schools ended; Hurricane Camille hit causing catastrophic damage
  • (1976) Savings and loans associations restructured by Legislature to avert financial crisis
  • (1979) Flooding devastated Jackson and other cities along Pearl River
  • (1986) Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway completed
  • (1992) Tornadoes struck, 15 killed, over 300 injured
2000s
  • (2004) Voters banned same-sex marriage
  • (2005) Hurricane Katrina caused severe, catastrophic damage along coast; 238 people died, 67 missing and billions of dollars in damages; ex-Klansman convicted of manslaughter in 1964 killing of three civil rights workers
  • (2006) Bureau of Economic Analysis estimated lowest per capita personal income of any state, also had nation's lowest living costs; sex offenders; names and faces placed on roadside billboards
  • (2010) Tornado struck southeastern Mississippi, killed ten, state of emergency declared in 17 counties
  • (2012) Before leaving office, Governor Haley Barbour issued full pardons to 208 inmates, including 14 convicted murderers

Mississippi Photographs

Father JacquesChoctaw IndiansDiscovery of Mississippi RiverNatchez TraceConfederate CabinetCotton Boll WeevilBattle of VicksburgVicksburg 1855Old CapitolMeridian DowntownKlu Klux KlanFlooding in JacksonEaster Flood in JacksonJames MeridethYazoo City TornadoKatrina damageKatrina damagePalace CasinoTornado Damage

Mississippi Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Natchez Adams 601
Corinth Alcorn 662
Liberty Amite 601
Kosciusko Attala 662
Ashland Benton 662
Cleveland Bolivar 662
Calhoun City Calhoun 662
Carrollton Carroll 662
Houston Chickasaw 662
Ackerman Choctaw 662
Port Gibson Claiborne 601
Quitman Clarke 601
West Point Clay 662
Clarksdale Coahoma 662
Crystal Springs Copiah 601
Collins Covington 601
Southaven DeSoto 662
Hattiesburg Forrest 601
Roxie Franklin 601
Lucedale George 601
Richton Greene 601
Grenada Grenada 662
Bay Saint Louis Hancock 228
Gulfport Harrison 228
Jackson Hinds 601
Lexington Holmes 662
Belzoni Humphreys 662
Mayersville Issaquena 662
Fulton Itawamba 662
Ocean Springs Jackson 228
Bay Springs Jasper 601
Fayette Jefferson 601
Prentiss Jefferson Davis 601
Laurel Jones 601
DeKalb Kemper 601
Oxford Lafayette 662
Hattiesburg Lamar 601
Meridian Lauderdale 601
Monticello Lawrence 601
Carthage Leake 601
Tupelo Lee 662
Greenwood Leflore 662
Brookhaven Lincoln 601
Columbus Lowndes 662
Madison Madison 601
Columbia Marion 601
Byhalia Marshall 662
Amory Monroe 662
Winona Montgomery 662
Philadelphia Neshoba 601
Newton Newton 601
Macon Noxubee 662
Starkville Oktibbeha 662
Batesville Panola 662
Picayune Pearl River 601
Beaumont Perry 601
McComb Pike 601
Pontotoc Pontotoc 662
Booneville Prentiss 662
Marks Quitman 662
Brandon Rankin 601
Forest Scott 601
Rolling Fork Sharkey 662
Magee Simpson 601
Taylorsville Smith 601
Wiggins Stone 601
Indianola Sunflower 662
Charleston Tallahatchie 662
Senatobia Tate 662
Ripley Tippah 662
Iuka Tishomingo 662
Tunica Tunica 662
New Albany Union 662
Tylertown Walthall 601
Vicksburg Warren 601
Greenville Washington 662
Waynesboro Wayne 662
Eupora Webster 662
Woodville Wilkinson 601
Louisville Winston 662
Water Valley Yalobusha 662
Yazoo City Yazoo 662