California

California Timeline

1500s - 1600s
  • (1533) Two ships landed at Baja in La Paz Harbor, local residents killed 20 and ships retreated
  • (1535) Hernando Cortes led expedition to La Paz, established small colony
  • (1540) Sea expedition led by Hernando de Alarcon up Gulf of California to mouth of Colorado River, became first Europeans on California soil
  • (1542) Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo became the first European to explore California, landed at San Diego, discovered Catalina Islands, sites of San Pedro and Santa Monica and Santa Barbara Channel Islands
  • (1579) Sir Francis Drake landed north of San Francisco Bay, claimed the territory for England
  • (1669) Gaspar de Portolb, governor of the Californias, led an expedition up the Pacific coast, established California's first mission on San Diego Bay
1700s
  • (1769) Sargeant Jose Ortega discovered entrance to San Francisco Bay
  • (1776) Presidio of San Francisco and Mission Dolores founded
1800s
  • (1812) Russian fur traders established Fort Ross
  • (1821) Mexico won independence from Spain.
  • (1826) Native Americans attacked Mission San Francisco Solano
  • (1848) Gold discovered at Sutter's sawmill in Coloma
  • (1849) California Gold Rush began; California became U. S. property with Treaty of Guadalupe
  • (1849) Fire devastated San Francisco
  • (1850) California became 31st state
  • (1869) First westbound train arrived in San Francisco
  • (1882) Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, barring all Chinese immigration
1900s
  • (1900) Oil discovered along Kern River
  • (1906) San Francisco earthquake killed more than 3,000, left 225,000 homeless
  • (1910) Angel Island opened, entry point to U. S. for immigrants
  • (1911) Women won right to vote
  • (1928) California Hockey League created
  • (1928) Great Highway and Ocean Beach Esplanade in San Francisco completed
  • (1933) Long Beach earthquake caused widespread damage throughout southern California; Alcatraz made a prison
  • (1934) Bloody Thursday riots took place in San Francisco
  • (1936) San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened
  • (1936) Golden Gate Bridge completed
  • (1936) Parker Dam completed
  • (1942) Japanese Americans relocated to U.S. concentration camps; Japanese submarine shelled an oil field near Goleta.
  • (1945) United Nations Charter signed in San Francisco
  • (1952) Bakersfield hit by earthquake, caused over $50 million in property damage
  • (1969) Native Americans occupied Alcatraz Island
  • (1969) Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk shot and killed
  • (1989) 7.1 magnitude earthquake hit Bay Area
  • (1992) California became first state to elect two women to U.S. Senate - Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein
2000s
  • (2000) Electricity crisis caused blackouts and large rate increases
  • (2002) Angels won first World Series championship
  • (2003) Governor Davis recalled; Arnold Schwarzenegger elected
  • (2004) Former President, Ronald Reagan, died at age 93
  • (2006) Former President, Gerald Ford, died at age 93
  • (2007) Wildfires forced evacuation of over half million residents, 400,000 acres burned, 1,300 homes destroyed
  • (2008) Two-train collision killed 25, injured over 130
  • (2011) Jerry Brown sworn in as new governor, served as governer from 1975 to 1983
  • (2011) Massive power cut caused blackouts in California, Arizona and Mexico, over 5 million people affected
  • (2011) New law enacted allowing illegal immigrants to receive state aid for college
  • (2011) Apple co-founder, Steve Jobs, died
  • (2011) Anti-corporate greed demonstrators shut down Port of Oakland

California Photographs

Alcatraz Cortez Francis Drake Golden Gate Bridge San Francisco Earthquake Sutters Mill

California Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Hayward Alameda 510
Fremont Alameda 510
San Leandro Alameda 510
Berkeley Alameda 510
Oakland Alameda 510
Markleeville Alpine 530
Ione Amador 209
Chico Butte 530
Valley Springs Calaveras 209
Colusa Colusa 530
Antioch Contra Costa 925
Concord Contra Costa 925
Crescent City Del Norte 707
El Dorado Hills El Dorado 916
Clovis Fresno 559
Fresno Fresno 559
Orland Glenn 530
Eureka Humboldt 707
El Centro Imperial 760
Bishop Inyo 760
Bakersfield Kern 661
Hanford Kings 559
Clearlake Lake 707
Susanville Lassen 530
Van Nuys Los Angeles 818
Palmdale Los Angeles 661
Glendale Los Angeles 818
Torrance Los Angeles 310
Lancaster Los Angeles 661
Whittier Los Angeles 562
Bell Gardens Los Angeles 323
Pacoima Los Angeles 818
Norwalk Los Angeles 562
Burbank Los Angeles 818
West Covina Los Angeles 626
Downey Los Angeles 562
La Puente Los Angeles 626
Long Beach Los Angeles 310
Compton Los Angeles 310
Inglewood Los Angeles 310
Los Angeles Los Angeles 323 , 213
Pasadena Los Angeles 626
Pomona Los Angeles 909
North Hollywood Los Angeles 818
Madera Madera 559
San Rafael Marin 415
Mariposa Mariposa 209
Ukiah Mendocino 707
Merced Merced 209
Alturas Modoc 530
Mammoth Lakes Mono 760
Salinas Monterey 831
Napa Napa 707
Grass Valley Nevada 530
Garden Grove Orange 714
Huntington Beach Orange 714
Irvine Orange 949
Costa Mesa Orange 949
Santa Ana Orange 714
Anaheim Orange 714
Fullerton Orange 714
Orange Orange 714
Roseville Placer 916
Quincy Plumas 530
Moreno Valley Riverside 951
Perris Riverside 951
Corona Riverside 951
Temecula Riverside 951
Murrieta Riverside 951
Hemet Riverside 951
Riverside Riverside 951
Sacramento Sacramento 916
Elk Grove Sacramento 916
Hollister San Benito 831
Rancho Cucamonga San Bernardino 909
Ontario San Bernardino 909
Hesperia San Bernardino 760
Rialto San Bernardino 909
Fontana San Bernardino 909
San Bernardino San Bernardino 909
Victorville San Bernardino 760
El Cajon San Diego 619
Escondido San Diego 760
Oceanside San Diego 760
Carlsbad San Diego 760
Chula Vista San Diego 619
Vista San Diego 760
San Diego San Diego 619
San Francisco San Francisco 415
Tracy San Joaquin 209
Stockton San Joaquin 209
San Luis Obispo San Luis Obispo 805
Redwood City San Mateo 650
Daly City San Mateo 650
San Mateo San Mateo 650
Santa Barbara Santa Barbara 805
Santa Maria Santa Barbara 805
Santa Clara Santa Clara 408
San Jose Santa Clara 408
Sunnyvale Santa Clara 408
Santa Cruz Santa Cruz 831
Redding Shasta 530
Loyalton Sierra 530
Yreka Siskiyou 530
Vacaville Solano 707
Fairfield Solano 707
Vallejo Solano 707
Santa Rosa Sonoma 707
Modesto Stanislaus 209
Yuba City Sutter 530
Red Bluff Tehama 530
Weaverville Trinity 530
Visalia Tulare 559
Sonora Tuolumne 209
Oxnard Ventura 805
Ventura Ventura 805
Simi Valley Ventura 805
Davis Yolo 530
Marysville Yuba 530