1. World Map/
  2. North America/
  3. USA /
  4. California /
  5. California Geography


California Geography

From the giant redwood trees of the northwest to the Mars-like landscapes of the southeast; from snow-capped mountain peaks to its fertile valleys - California presents (arguably) the most diverse series of landforms in all of the United States.

Fronted by the sandy beaches of its Pacific Ocean coastline, California's land quickly rises into the steep rocky cliffs and foothills of the Coastal Mountains.

The 462-mile-long Central Valley (including the San Joaquin and Sacramento Valleys) is positioned between those Coastal Mountain Ranges and the massive peaks of the Sierra Nevada Mountains in the east; within the Sierra Nevada stands Mt Whitney at 14,494 ft., the highest point in the 48 (contiguous) U.S. States.

Additional mountains ranges include the Klamath Mountains and Cascade Mountains in the north, and the Los Angeles Ranges, a series of mountains generally running west to east to the immediate north of the city of Los Angeles.

The Mojave and Colorado Deserts dominate the far south and southeast; this wide and generally flat expanse of land is punctuated by irregular mountain peaks. Death Valley, an arid, inhospitable and extremely hot desert area, runs along the eastern border with Nevada. Within it, the lowest point in all of the United States is found, (282 ft. below sea level).

Significant rivers include the Colorado, as well as the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers in the Central Valley. Lake Tahoe is the most significant lake.

For a closer look at the topography of California, view this topographic map

California Photographs

Rocky Coastline of Big Sur

Rocky Coastline of Big Sur...
by Michael T. Sedam
Buy This at Allposters.com

California Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Hayward Alameda 510
Fremont Alameda 510
San Leandro Alameda 510
Berkeley Alameda 510
Oakland Alameda 510
Markleeville Alpine 530
Ione Amador 209
Chico Butte 530
Valley Springs Calaveras 209
Colusa Colusa 530
Antioch Contra Costa 925
Concord Contra Costa 925
Crescent City Del Norte 707
El Dorado Hills El Dorado 916
Clovis Fresno 559
Fresno Fresno 559
Orland Glenn 530
Eureka Humboldt 707
El Centro Imperial 760
Bishop Inyo 760
Bakersfield Kern 661
Hanford Kings 559
Clearlake Lake 707
Susanville Lassen 530
Van Nuys Los Angeles 818
Palmdale Los Angeles 661
Glendale Los Angeles 818
Torrance Los Angeles 310
Lancaster Los Angeles 661
Whittier Los Angeles 562
Bell Gardens Los Angeles 323
Pacoima Los Angeles 818
Norwalk Los Angeles 562
Burbank Los Angeles 818
West Covina Los Angeles 626
Downey Los Angeles 562
La Puente Los Angeles 626
Long Beach Los Angeles 310
Compton Los Angeles 310
Inglewood Los Angeles 310
Los Angeles Los Angeles 323 , 213
Pasadena Los Angeles 626
Pomona Los Angeles 909
North Hollywood Los Angeles 818
Madera Madera 559
San Rafael Marin 415
Mariposa Mariposa 209
Ukiah Mendocino 707
Merced Merced 209
Alturas Modoc 530
Mammoth Lakes Mono 760
Salinas Monterey 831
Napa Napa 707
Grass Valley Nevada 530
Garden Grove Orange 714
Huntington Beach Orange 714
Irvine Orange 949
Costa Mesa Orange 949
Santa Ana Orange 714
Anaheim Orange 714
Fullerton Orange 714
Orange Orange 714
Roseville Placer 916
Quincy Plumas 530
Moreno Valley Riverside 951
Perris Riverside 951
Corona Riverside 951
Temecula Riverside 951
Murrieta Riverside 951
Hemet Riverside 951
Riverside Riverside 951
Sacramento Sacramento 916
Elk Grove Sacramento 916
Hollister San Benito 831
Rancho Cucamonga San Bernardino 909
Ontario San Bernardino 909
Hesperia San Bernardino 760
Rialto San Bernardino 909
Fontana San Bernardino 909
San Bernardino San Bernardino 909
Victorville San Bernardino 760
El Cajon San Diego 619
Escondido San Diego 760
Oceanside San Diego 760
Carlsbad San Diego 760
Chula Vista San Diego 619
Vista San Diego 760
San Diego San Diego 619
San Francisco San Francisco 415
Tracy San Joaquin 209
Stockton San Joaquin 209
San Luis Obispo San Luis Obispo 805
Redwood City San Mateo 650
Daly City San Mateo 650
San Mateo San Mateo 650
Santa Barbara Santa Barbara 805
Santa Maria Santa Barbara 805
Santa Clara Santa Clara 408
San Jose Santa Clara 408
Sunnyvale Santa Clara 408
Santa Cruz Santa Cruz 831
Redding Shasta 530
Loyalton Sierra 530
Yreka Siskiyou 530
Vacaville Solano 707
Fairfield Solano 707
Vallejo Solano 707
Santa Rosa Sonoma 707
Modesto Stanislaus 209
Yuba City Sutter 530
Red Bluff Tehama 530
Weaverville Trinity 530
Visalia Tulare 559
Sonora Tuolumne 209
Oxnard Ventura 805
Ventura Ventura 805
Simi Valley Ventura 805
Davis Yolo 530
Marysville Yuba 530
This page was last modified on September 29, 2015.