California

California Description

Long before European explorers probed into this land called California, its Stone Age, mostly Asian inhabitants, arrived here by traversing the Bering Strait, and over the centuries that followed a wide variety of cultures developed and prospered.


The Portuguese navigator, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, arrived along the California coastline in 1542. His two-ship expedition came ashore in San Diego Bay and he claimed the land for the Spanish Crown.

In 1579, the English explorer, Sir Francis Drake, sailing along the northern coastline found a suitable port where he was able to repair and restock his ships. He subsequently claimed the land for England in the name of Queen Elizabeth I.

In the late 1700's, Gaspar de Portolà, the then Spanish Governor of Baja California set out on land and sea with expeditions to settle more areas in the north.

Sir Francis Drake One of his land expeditions arrived at present-day San Diego; they established the Presidio (or fort) of San Diego; then proceeded onward to the present-day sites of Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Santa Barbara, San Simeon and the Salinas River.

Sea explorers from one of Portola's many expeditions were the first Spaniards to view San Francisco Bay In fact, during most of the 17th century, Spanish expeditions continued across California as they established numerous missions and presidios (forts).

California remained under the control of Spain until Mexico's War of Independence with Spain ended in 1821, thus making California a part of Mexico.

During the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), when both nations were fighting for control of Texas, a small group of rebellious white settlers in Sonoma declared independence from Mexico (the Bear Flag Revolt).

That short-lived California Republic was soon merged into the expanding United States of America, as Mexico lost the war and eventually sold California and other territories to the U.S.

With the discovery of gold in late 1848 in the Sierra Nevada foothills - just east of Sacramento - the California Gold Rush began. A flood of 100,000 immigrants from around the world rushed to California searching for the golden riches.

California became the 31st state on September 9, 1850, and the first capital was based in San Jose. That city, along with Benicia and Vallejo (future capital cities) all eventually proved too small and unacceptable, so the capital was finally established in Sacramento.
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California Photographs


CITY ATTRACTIONS & MAPS:Palm Trees at Sunset, Venice Beach, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA

Palm trees at sunset...
by Richard Cummins
Buy This at Allposters.com

California Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Hayward Alameda 510
Fremont Alameda 510
San Leandro Alameda 510
Berkeley Alameda 510
Oakland Alameda 510
Markleeville Alpine 530
Ione Amador 209
Chico Butte 530
Valley Springs Calaveras 209
Colusa Colusa 530
Antioch Contra Costa 925
Concord Contra Costa 925
Crescent City Del Norte 707
El Dorado Hills El Dorado 916
Clovis Fresno 559
Fresno Fresno 559
Orland Glenn 530
Eureka Humboldt 707
El Centro Imperial 760
Bishop Inyo 760
Bakersfield Kern 661
Hanford Kings 559
Clearlake Lake 707
Susanville Lassen 530
Van Nuys Los Angeles 818
Palmdale Los Angeles 661
Glendale Los Angeles 818
Torrance Los Angeles 310
Lancaster Los Angeles 661
Whittier Los Angeles 562
Bell Gardens Los Angeles 323
Pacoima Los Angeles 818
Norwalk Los Angeles 562
Burbank Los Angeles 818
West Covina Los Angeles 626
Downey Los Angeles 562
La Puente Los Angeles 626
Long Beach Los Angeles 310
Compton Los Angeles 310
Inglewood Los Angeles 310
Los Angeles Los Angeles 323 , 213
Pasadena Los Angeles 626
Pomona Los Angeles 909
North Hollywood Los Angeles 818
Madera Madera 559
San Rafael Marin 415
Mariposa Mariposa 209
Ukiah Mendocino 707
Merced Merced 209
Alturas Modoc 530
Mammoth Lakes Mono 760
Salinas Monterey 831
Napa Napa 707
Grass Valley Nevada 530
Garden Grove Orange 714
Huntington Beach Orange 714
Irvine Orange 949
Costa Mesa Orange 949
Santa Ana Orange 714
Anaheim Orange 714
Fullerton Orange 714
Orange Orange 714
Roseville Placer 916
Quincy Plumas 530
Moreno Valley Riverside 951
Perris Riverside 951
Corona Riverside 951
Temecula Riverside 951
Murrieta Riverside 951
Hemet Riverside 951
Riverside Riverside 951
Sacramento Sacramento 916
Elk Grove Sacramento 916
Hollister San Benito 831
Rancho Cucamonga San Bernardino 909
Ontario San Bernardino 909
Hesperia San Bernardino 760
Rialto San Bernardino 909
Fontana San Bernardino 909
San Bernardino San Bernardino 909
Victorville San Bernardino 760
El Cajon San Diego 619
Escondido San Diego 760
Oceanside San Diego 760
Carlsbad San Diego 760
Chula Vista San Diego 619
Vista San Diego 760
San Diego San Diego 619
San Francisco San Francisco 415
Tracy San Joaquin 209
Stockton San Joaquin 209
San Luis Obispo San Luis Obispo 805
Redwood City San Mateo 650
Daly City San Mateo 650
San Mateo San Mateo 650
Santa Barbara Santa Barbara 805
Santa Maria Santa Barbara 805
Santa Clara Santa Clara 408
San Jose Santa Clara 408
Sunnyvale Santa Clara 408
Santa Cruz Santa Cruz 831
Redding Shasta 530
Loyalton Sierra 530
Yreka Siskiyou 530
Vacaville Solano 707
Fairfield Solano 707
Vallejo Solano 707
Santa Rosa Sonoma 707
Modesto Stanislaus 209
Yuba City Sutter 530
Red Bluff Tehama 530
Weaverville Trinity 530
Visalia Tulare 559
Sonora Tuolumne 209
Oxnard Ventura 805
Ventura Ventura 805
Simi Valley Ventura 805
Davis Yolo 530
Marysville Yuba 530