World Facts

The 10 Most Populated Countries in Africa

Nigeria is Africa's most populated country, followed by Ethiopia, Egypt, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The continent of Africa is synonymous with varied cultures, peoples, beliefs and an abundance of natural resources. It is the second largest continent in the world after Asia and has an estimated population of 1.2 billion people. The majority of the African population is young, with over 50% of the population below or at 20 years old. The population density of Africa is 30.51 people per square kilometer. Africa is made up of 54 countries. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a population of 190 million people and ranked 7th in the world. Here is a brief overview of the ten most populous countries in Africa.

10. Uganda - 37 million

Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa that has a population of 37 million people. The country has one of the youngest and most rapidly growing populations in the world. With an annual population growth rate of 3.61 percent, Uganda adds close to 1.2 million people per year.

9. Algeria - 39 million

Algeria is located in the north of the continent and is the biggest country in Africa by area covered. Much of Algeria is desert and most of the communities live near urban areas and along water sources. The country has a population of around 39 million people. Algeria has an annual population growth rate of 2.11 percent. The population is expected to double by the year 2050.

8. Sudan - 40 million

Sudan is a North African country that borders South Sudan to the South and Egypt to the North. It is among the most populous countries in Africa with a population of around 40 million people. Although most of the land in Sudan is arid, many major settlements exist along riverbanks.

7. Kenya - 45 million

Kenya is an East African country and the largest economy in the region. It has a population of 45 million people which represents 3.69 percent of the total African population.The majority of the population is made up of young people below the age of 30. The population of Kenya is expected to double by the year 2040.

6. Tanzania - 51 million

Tanzania is an East African country that borders the Indian Ocean to the East. It has a population of 51 million people with a vast majority representing young people. Tanzania has an annual population growth rate of 2.69 percent which is among the highest in the region. It is estimated that Tanzania’s population will double in the next 26 years.

5. South Africa - 54.9 million

South Africa has a population of 54.9 million people and is the fifth largest country by population. The population increases by about 700,000 people every year which represents 1.6 percent annual change. The total population of South Africa constitutes 4.82 percent of the African population. South Africa is one of the most developed countries in Africa.

4. Democratic Republic of the Congo - 77 million

The Democratic Republic of Congo is the second-largest country in Africa by the area covered and the fourth most populated country. It has a population of 77 million people. This Central African nation has experienced a rapid population growth over the last two decades where the population increased from 39 million in 1992 to 66 million people in 2009. The Democratic Republic of Congo demographics is one of the fastest growing populations in Africa and the world.

3. Egypt - 89 million

Egypt has a population of 89 million people and is the third largest country by population in Africa. The majority of the populace lives along the River Nile and in major cities such as Cairo. The Egyptian population is about 7.69 percent of the African population. The country has an annual population growth rate of 2.29 percent which represents an increase of 1.8 million people per year.

2. Ethiopia - 99 million

Ethiopia is an eastern Africa landlocked country located in the horn of Africa. It is the second-most populous country in Africa with 99 million people. Ethiopia has one of the fastest growing populations at an annual growth rate of 2.6%. The country is home to over 80 ethnic groups of multiple origins such as Cushitic and Afro-Asiatic.

1. Nigeria - 181 Million

Nigeria has the largest population in Africa. The 181 million people who live in Nigeria account for about 16.1 percent of the total population of Africa. Every year, the population increases by nearly 5.5 million people. The population growth has seen Nigeria become the 7th most populous country in the world and the only African nation making the top ten.

The 30 Most Populated Countries in Africa

RankCountryPopulation
1 Nigeria181,563,000
2 Ethiopia99,391,000
3 Egypt89,125,000
4 Democratic Republic of the Congo77,267,000
5 South Africa54,957,000
6 Tanzania51,046,000
7 Kenya45,533,000
8 Sudan40,235,000
9 Algeria39,670,000
10 Uganda37,102,000
11 Morocco[5]34,380,000
12 Mozambique28,013,000
13 Ghana27,414,000
14 Angola25,326,000
15 Ivory Coast23,126,000
16 Madagascar23,043,000
17 Cameroon21,918,000
18 Niger18,880,000
19 Burkina Faso18,450,000
20 Mali17,796,000
21 Malawi16,307,000
22 Zambia15,474,000
23 Senegal14,150,000
24 Chad13,675,000
25 Zimbabwe13,503,000
26 South Sudan12,519,000
27 Rwanda11,324,000
28 Tunisia11,118,000
29 Somalia10,972,000
30 Guinea10,935,000

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