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Ecuador History Timeline

Map of Ecuador
Locator Map of Ecuador

Ecuador's Information

Flag of Ecuador
Land Area 276,841 km2
Water Area 6,720 km2
Total Area 283,561 km2
Population 16,080,778
Population Density 56.71 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $182.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $11,000
Currency Dollar (USD)
Largest Cities
  • Guayaquil (1,952,029)
  • Quito (1,399,814)
  • Cuenca (276,964)
  • Santo Domingo de los Colorados (200,421)
  • Machala (198,123)
  • Manta (183,166)
  • Portoviejo (170,326)
  • Eloy Alfaro (167,784)
  • Esmeraldas (165,216)
  • Ambato (154,369)
1500's - 1800's
  • (1532) Pizarro expedition discovered Ecuador
  • (1535) Galapagos Islands discovered by Bishop Tomas de Berlanga
  • (1810) King of Spain overthrown by Napoleon
  • (1820) Coastal Ecuador declared independence from Spain
  • (1822) Battle of Pichincha ended Spanish rule; Ecuador became part of independent Gran Columbia
  • (1830) Ecuador left Gran Columbia, became fully independent
1900's
  • (1941) Peru and Ecuador went to war over border conflict
  • (1945) Peru, Paraguay, Chile, Ecuador joined United Nations
  • (1948) Growth of banana trade brought prosperity
  • (1952) US signed military aid pact
  • (1959) Ecuador turned 97% of the Galapagos Islands into national park
  • (1963) Ecuador under military rule
  • (1970) Oil exporting became major economic factor
  • (1979) New constitution restored democracy
  • (1995) War with Peru over 1941 border dispute
  • (1998) Special law passed to protect Galapagos Islands; peace treaty signed with Peru ended 50-year dispute over Amazon region
  • (1999) Ecuador economy in financial crisis; US dollar became official currency
2000's
  • (2001) Luis Maldonado, sworn in as minister social welfare, first Indian to hold cabinet post
  • (2002) Indigenous people protested oil production; Lucio Gutierrez elected president
  • (2003) Anti-drug agents seized three tons of cocaine
  • (2004) Columbia, Ecuador, Peru opened negotiations for free trade accord with US
  • (2005) New Supreme Court sworn in
  • (2006) Nationwide protest over proposed free trade agreement with US; Rafael Correa won presidential election
  • (2007) President Correa decided not to re-new 1993 bilateral investment treaty with US
  • (2008) Ecuador renewed low-level diplomatic relations with Columbia
  • (2009) President Correa won second term; government refused to extend US military's use of air base for drug surveillance flights

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