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Argentina Geography

Map of Argentina aconcagua
Locator Map of Argentina

Argentina's Information

Flag of Argentina
Land Area 2,736,690 km2
Water Area 43,710 km2
Total Area 2,780,400 km2
Population 43,886,748
Population Density 15.78 / km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $879.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $20,200
Currency Peso (ARS)
Largest Cities
  • Buenos Aires (13,076,300)
  • Cordoba (1,428,214)
  • Rosario (1,173,533)
  • Mendoza (876,884)
  • San Miguel de Tucuman (781,023)
  • La Plata (694,167)
  • Mar del Plata (553,935)
  • Quilmes (518,788)
  • Salta (512,686)
  • Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz (489,505)

The geography of Argentina include 5 major regions, starting with the rain forest areas of the far-northeast along its border with

Brazil

; the swampy and flat Chaco plain; the fertile (

almost treeless

) grasslands of the central

Pampas

; the lengthy plateau of

Patagonia

that stretches to Tierra del Fuego, and the Andes Mountains along its western border with Chile.



The Andes Mountains Pampas

, one of the largest fertile plains in the world, covers almost one third of Argentina's land area. Bordered by mountains and the

Atlantic Ocean

, the legendary landscape of

Patagonia

displays huge forests, sizeable mountains valleys, and many cold-water lakes.



The Andes in Argentina contain advancing glaciers including the Perito Moreno glacier, as well as Cerro Aconcagua, the tallest mountain in

South America

Argentina is also home to impressive Iguazu Falls, and over 250 additional waterfalls of size.



Major rivers include the Colorado, Negro, Paraguay, Parana, Salado and Uruguay. The Uruguay and Parana flow together before meeting the

Atlantic Ocean

, forming the basin of the Rio de la Plata.

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