The geography of Argentina include 5 major regions, starting with the rain forest areas of the far-northeast along its border withBrazil
; the swampy and flat Chaco plain; the fertile (almost treeless
) grasslands of the centralPampas
; the lengthy plateau ofPatagonia
that stretches to Tierra del Fuego, and the Andes Mountains along its western border with Chile.
, one of the largest fertile plains in the world, covers almost one third of Argentina's land area. Bordered by mountains and theAtlantic Ocean
, the legendary landscape ofPatagonia
displays huge forests, sizeable mountains valleys, and many cold-water lakes.
The Andes in Argentina contain advancing glaciers including the Perito Moreno glacier, as well as Cerro Aconcagua, the tallest mountain inSouth America
Argentina is also home to impressive Iguazu Falls, and over 250 additional waterfalls of size.
Major rivers include the Colorado, Negro, Paraguay, Parana, Salado and Uruguay. The Uruguay and Parana flow together before meeting theAtlantic Ocean
, forming the basin of the Rio de la Plata.