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Argentina Facts

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  • Name: Argentina
  • (long form) Argentine Republic
  • Capital City: Buenos Aires (2,891,082 pop.)
    (13,356,715 metro)
  • Argentina Population: 42,610,981 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Argentina Peso (ARS)
    (conversion rates)

    Argentina Peso
    One Argentinean Peso
  • Ethnicity: White (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, Mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
  • GDP total: $755.3 billion (2012 est)
  • GDP per capita: $18,400 (2012 est)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Rosario, Mendoza, La Plata, Tucuman, Mar del Plata
  • Name: Argentina is derived from the Latin "argentum" meaning "silver".
  • National Day: May 25
  • Religion: Roman Catholic 92%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%
  • Symbols

Argentina Trivia

What is the Capital of Argentina?

The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires, which is located along the southeastern shore of South America, along the Río de la Plata. This city has a population size of 3.89 million and a metropolitan population of around 17 million, making it the largest in the country and fourth largest in the western hemisphere.

What Is The Capital of Argentina?

What Kind of Government Does Argentina Have?

Argentina is a presidential democratic republic where the President is the Head of State and the Head of Government, and the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The government operates in three branches, the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary.

What Type Of Government Does Argentina Have?

What Languages Are Spoken in Argentina?

Spanish is the most spoken language in Argentina. Argentina is the fourth most populous Spanish-speaking nation in the world after Mexico, Spain, and Colombia. Italian ranks second among the languages spoken in Argentina.

What Languages Are Spoken In Argentina?

Which Are The Native Plants Of Argentina?

Argentina’s varied climate and terrain creates the ideal environment for the growth of a great diversity of species of flowers, trees, and grasses. The country is home to over 10% of the global varieties of flora. These include Darwin’s Barberry, Yerba Mate, Darwin’s Slipper, Santa Cruz Water Lily, etc.

Native Plants Of Argentina

What is the Biggest City in Argentina?

Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina, is also its largest city hosting a population of 2,776,138 people.

The Biggest Cities In Argentina

What Does the Flag of Argentina Mean?

The current flag of Argentina was officially adopted on February 12, 1812. The light blue stripes upon a white field were placed on the flag by Manuel Belgrano, the leader of the revolution, and are said to be symbolic of the sky above, when the fight for the country's independence began. The golden sun, with the Sun of May face, was added to the flag in 1818.

Flag of Argentina

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on September 29, 2015.