- (1517) Spanish explorer, Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba, arrived in Yucatan from Cuba; native Mayas clashed with explorers, killed over 20, including Cordoba; captured several
- (1519) Spanish governor sent Hernan Cortes to Mexico; took control of town of Tabasco, founded city of Verazruz; Cortes began inward march into Mexico; Cortes took Moctezuma hostage, gained control of Tenochtitlan; Mexico became known as "New Spain"
- (1521) After series of conflicts, Cortes defeated Aztecs, built Mexico City
- (1550 - 1590) Chichimeca War - conflict between Spanish colonizers and allies against Chichimeca Indians; longest, most expensive conflict between Spanish and indigenous peoples
- (1810) Father Miguel Hidalgo issued call for Mexico's independence
- (1811) Father Hidalgo captured, killed at Chihuahua
- (1821) Mexican leaders made plans to separate from Spain; Treaty of Cordoba signed marking official beginning of independence
- (1823) Guadalupe Victoria became first elected president of Mexico
- (1829) Spain attempted to recapture Mexico
- (1833) Santa Anna became president after leading successful resistance against Spain
- (1836) Texas declared independence from Mexico; Santa Anna defeated by Sam Houston at Battle of San Jacinto
- (1846) USA declared war on Mexico
- (1848) Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended war between Mexico and USA; Texas, California, New Mexico ceded to US; US paid $15 million for the land
|Land Area||1,943,945 km2|
|Water Area||20,430 km2|
|Total Area||1,964,375km2 (#13)|
|Government Type||Federal Presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$2,310.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$18,900|
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