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Saint Martin

Saint Martin History Timeline

Saint Martin timeline
  • (800s) Settled by Arawak Indians who arrived from South America; Carib Indians followed, gave the island the name Soualiga, or Land of Salt
1400s - 1600s
  • (1493) Christopher Columbus claimed the island for Spain, named the island Isla de San Martin
  • (1624) French cultivated tobacco in French Quarter
  • (1631) Dutch established small colony on "Great Bay" to collect salt
  • (1633-1648) Spanish navy captured Saint Martin from the Dutch until the peace of Westhpalia; Spanish army from Puerto Rico built the first military fort
  • (1638) Spain attacked and took over all Dutch settlements; Spain controlled and built the Old Spanish Fort
  • (1648) Spain abandoned the island; French and Dutch both claimed it; Treaty of Concordia established Sint Maarten (Dutch) and Saint Martin (French) to be split and governed by the Netherlands and France
  • (1679-1689) French occupied entire island
  • (1689-1792) Dutch established zone under Dutch West India Company administration
  • (1690-1699) English occupied entire island
  • (1699-1702) French occupied entire island
1700s - 1800s
  • (1703-1717) Dutch occupied entire island
  • (1779-1781) French occupied entire island
  • (1781) British occupied entire island
  • (1793-1794) Dutch administered entire island
  • (1795-1801) French occupied entire island
  • (1801-1802) British occupied entire island
  • (1810-1816) British occupied entire island
  • (1816) French and Dutch zones restored
  • (1848) French abolished slavery on their side
  • (1919) Saba, St. Eustatius and St. Maarteen united as Netherlands Windward Islands
  • (1936) Dutch side officially adopted the Dutch spelling Sint Maarten
  • (1939) Island declared a duty-free port
  • (1954) Saba, St. Eustatius and Sint Maarten united with Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao as the Netherlands Antilles, separate country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • (1960) Hurricane Donna caused considerable damage on the island
  • (1994) Kingdom of the Netherlands and France signed the French-Dutch Treaty on St. Martin border controls
  • (1995) Hurricane Luis caused extensive damage to the island
  • (1999) Hurricane Lenny devastated the island, claimed three lives
  • (2000) Referendum on Sint Maarten to obtain a "status aparte" within the Kingdom of the Netherlands received 68.9% support
  • (2003) French part of the island voted in favor of secession from Guadeloupe to form a separate overseas collectivity (COM) of France
  • (2006) Sint Maarten and Curacao signed agreement with the Netherlands on "status aparte"
  • (2007) French side became a separate overseas collectivity (COM)
  • (2010) The Netherlands Antilles dissolved; Sint Maarten became an independent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands; Eugene Holiday appointed first governor (Dutch governor) of Sint Maartin by the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Saint Martin Photographs

map of Saint Martin caribbean sea large st. barts map atlantic ocean

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locator map of Saint Martin

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Photos used are from public domain sources and en.wikipedia.org