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  5. El Salvador Geography

El Salvador Geography

El Salvador's Information

Flag of El Salvador
Land Area 20,721 km2
Water Area 320 km2
Total Area 21,041km2 (#148)
Population 6,156,670 (#108)
Population Density 297.12/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $54.79 Billion
GDP Per Capita $8,900
Currency Dollar (USD)
Largest Cities
El Salvador is a mountainous country with two parallel ranges bordering a central plateau.

In the north, the Sierra Madre Mountains run along the entire border with Honduras. In the south, the land lowers into a coastal plain and a scattered chain of more than 20 volcanoes stretches across the land from west to east; some are still active but major eruptions are rare.

El Salvador has hundreds of rivers, mostly small. The most significant is the Lempa River; it rises in the mountains of Honduras then flows south across the central plateau and empties into the Pacific.

Numerous volcanic lakes cover the interior, most ringed by mountains. The largest is Lake Ilopango, sitting directly east of the capital city. A dam built on the Lempa River created the large Cerron Reservoir.
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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