1. World Map /
  2. Europe/
  3. Romania/
  4. Romania Timeline

Romania History Timeline

Romania's Information

Flag of Romania
Land Area 229,891 km2
Water Area 8,500 km2
Total Area 238,391km2 (#81)
Population 21,599,736 (#57)
Population Density 93.96/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $441.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $22,300
Currency Leu (RON)
Largest Cities
  • (650BC) Dacian inhabitants first documented by the Greeks
  • (15BC) Romans extended empire, included Dacia, renamed it Romania
100 AD - 1800s
  • (101-102AD) First campaign of Emperor Trajan against Dacians
  • (103 - 105) Roman provinces, Moesia Superior and Dacia, connected by bridge over Danube River for Emperor Trajan
  • (106AD) Following Battle of Sarmisegetusa, Dacia became a Roman province
  • (395-1453) Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) was eastern section of the Roman Empire, with the capital as Constantinople; Transylvania, Wallachia, and Moldavia made up Romania; Moldavia and Walachia were independent principalities
  • (1463) Vlad Tepes "Vlad the Impaler" became Prince of Wallachia
  • (1500) Principalities fell under Ottoman rule
  • (1703-1711) 1703 – 1711 War led by Prince of Transylvania against the Habsburgs failed
  • (1859) Moldavia and Wallachia principalities merged, modern Romania created
  • (1861) The Union of Moldavia and Walachia as Romania received international recognition
  • (1895) Romanians in Constantinople massacred
  • (1914) Romania fought on Allied side in WWI
  • (1916) Germany and Bulgaria declared war on Romania
  • (1919) Transylvania along with other surrounding lands, nearly doubled the size of Romania they became a part the country
  • (1938) King Carol II established dictatorship
  • (1939) WWII began
  • (1940) With signing of German-Soviet pact, Romania ceded territory to Hungary and USSR; General Ion Antonescu forced King Carol to abdicate
  • (1941) Romania fought on the German side against Soviet Union in WWII
  • (1944) Antonescu ousted; Romania switched sides as Soviet forces moved in
  • (1947) Romania regained Transylvania, lost it to Soviet Union; King Michael abdicated; Romania officially became a Communist country
  • (1955) Romania joined Warsaw Pact
  • (1965) Nicolae Ceausecu became Romanian Communist Party Leader; new Romanian constitution stressed the nation's control over its own affairs
  • (1977) Bucharest earthquake killed about 1,500 people and around $1 billion dollars in damage in Romania
  • (1985 - 1986) Food shortages, power outages caused by austerity program
  • (1987) Army crushed workers' demonstrations in Brasov, occupied power plants
  • (1989) Demonstrations in Timisoara triggered national uprising
  • (1989) Ceausecu and wife tried to flee country, caught, executed on Christmas Day
  • (1990) Ion Iliescu confirmed as head of state; Prime Minister Petre Roman embarked on new government reform program
  • (1991) Riots by striking miners forced Roman's resignation; replaced by Theodor Stolojan
  • (1992) Iliescu re-elected president
  • (1996) Emil Constantinescu elected president; Victor Ciorbea prime minister
  • (1997) Economic reform program announced
  • (1998) Ciorbea replaced by Radu Vasile as prime minister
  • (1999) Mugur Isarescu replaced Vasile as prime minister
  • (1999) Security forces prevented 10,000 striking miners from entering Bucharest
  • (2000) Ion Iliescu re-elected president; Adrian Nastase prime minister
  • (2000) Rivers in Hungary and Yugoslavia poisoned by escaping toxic cyanide form mining works in northern Romania
  • (2002) Romania formally invited to join NATO
  • (2004) Romania admitted to NATO; Traian Basescu elected president; Calin Tariceanu prime minister
  • (2005) Parliament ratified EU accession treaty; new leu currency introduced in Romania
  • (2005) Torrential rain caused severe flooding, over 30 died, thousands homeless
  • (2007) Romania joined the European Union
  • (2008) Romania hosted summit meeting of NATO leaders
  • (2009) President Traian Basescu re-elected by a narrow margin
  • (2009) IMG and other lenders agreed to provide rescue package of 20 billion euros due to the financial crisis
  • (2010) Austerity measures, including public sector wages cuts, led to strikes and protests
  • (2010) EU called Romania to take action on crime and corruption
  • (2010) France, Germany blocked Romania from joining Schengen passport-free zone due to irreversible progress in fighting corruption and organized crime
  • (2011) Sixty Romanian border police and customs officials detained for alleged involvement in cigarette smuggling
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

Romania Trivia

What Continent Is Romania In?

Romania is found in the southeastern portion of the continent of Europe, bordering the Black Sea.

What Continent Is Romania In?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Europe