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Norway History Timeline

Norway's Information

Flag of Norway
Land Area 304,282 km2
Water Area 19,520 km2
Total Area 323,802km2 (#67)
Population 5,265,158 (#120)
Population Density 17.30/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $365.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $69,300
Currency Krone (NOK)
Largest Cities
700s - 1000s
  • (700 - 800) Viking Age began
  • (850 - 870) Viking King Harold Fairhair united Norway into one Kingdom
  • (1000) Leif Erikson discovered North America; King Olav I sent mission to christianize Iceland; Battle of Swold occurred, Norwegians annihilated, King Olav died
  • (1015) Olaf II Haraldsson declared himself King of Norway after returning from war with the Danes. Over time, he converted his people to Christianity
  • (1028) King Olav II forced to flee Norway by Canute, King of England and Denmark; Canute the Great became King of Norway
  • (1030) King Olav II killed at battle of Stiklestad
  • (1031) Olav II named patron saint
  • (1035) King Canute died
  • (1045 - 1065) King Harald Kardrada fought many battles and extended wars with the Danes
  • (1066) King Harald Hardrada invaded England with 300 ships and thousands of men. Battle of Stamford Bridge was a disaster; King Hardrada was killed in battle, Norwegian losses were considerable and less than 25 ships returned to Norway.
  • (1070) City of Bergen founded
1200s - 1500s
  • (1261) Greenland and Iceland formed union with Norway
  • (1262) Iceland accepted rule of Norway
  • (1349) Black Plague struck Norway, two-thirds of population died
  • (1397) Denmark, Sweden, Norway united under one monarch with Union of Kalmar
  • (1520) Christian II, ruler of Kalmar Union, executed 82 people opposed to Scandinavian union
  • (1523) Christian II exiled after civil war in Denmark; Frederick I became king of Denmark and Norway
  • (1537) King Christian III established Evangelical-Lutheran official religion of Norway and Denmark
  • (1570) Sweden gave up claim to Norway
1600s - 1800s
  • (1660) Peace of Copenhagen established boundaries of Denmark, Sweden, Norway
  • (1814) Norway's Constitution signed; Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden
  • (1825) First immigrants left Norway for America
  • (1884) Parliamentary system established
  • (1903) Norwegian explorer, Roald Admundsen, searched for Northwest Passage
  • (1905) Norwegian parliament, the Storting, proclaimed independence from Sweden; Prince Charles of Denmark crowned King Haakon VII
  • (1911) Explorer Roald Amundsen reached South Pole
  • (1914) Norway declared neutrality at outbreak of World War I; merchant fleet sustained great losses
  • (1915) Germans torpedoed Norwegian ship Regin
  • (1918) Women gained right to vote
  • (1919) Versailles Conference gave Norway sovereignty over Svalbard Islands, other countries allowed to establish settlements
  • (1920) Norway granted Russia mining rights at Spitsbergen in Svalbard Islands; Norway joined League of Nations
  • (1924) Norway's claim on Greenland ended, Denmark gained control
  • (1929 - 1937) Norway ruled by labor government
  • (1939) World War II began; Norway remained neutral
  • (1940) German forces invaded Norway, attacked ports; Royal family and government fled to Britain to set up government-in-exile; Vidkun Quisling named himself head of Norway government
  • (1941) Martial law introduced
  • (1942 - 1943) 767 Jews deported to Auschwitz; over 1,100 Jews fled to Sweden
  • (1945) German forces in Norway surrendered; Royal family returned; Quisling tried and executed for treason; Norway joined United Nations
  • (1949) Norway joined North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • (1959) Norway became founding member of European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
  • (1960's) Oil and gas deposits discovered in North Sea
  • (1971) North Sea oil production began
  • (1972) Voters rejected Labor government's recommendation on European Economic Community (EEC) membership; government resigned
  • (1973) Norway signed free trade agreement with EEC; Lars Korvald's Christian Democrat government resigned as socialists won majority in parliamentary election
  • (1981) Gro Harlem Brundtlandt became first female prime minister of Norway
  • (1990) Arson fire on ferry from Norway to Denmark killed 158 people
  • (1991) King Olaf V died; son Herald became King Harald V
  • (1994) Voters rejected membership in EU; Winter Olympic games held in Lillehammer
  • (1997) Car bomb destroyed headquarters of Bandido motorcycle gang, one person killed, four injured; explosion at Russian-operated coal mine in Svalbard Islands killed 23 workers; new tunnel outside of Oslo drained water from nearby lakes at 10,000 gallons a minute; Dr. Christian Sandsdalen first Norwegian convicted for mercy killing
  • (1998) Gro Harlem Brundtland named head of World Health Organization (WHO); accord signed between Russia and Norway for dismantling and disposal of 90 nuclear submarines decayed in Barents Sea
  • (2000) Two passenger trains collided north of Oslo, 20 killed
  • (2001) Protests held in Oslo against murder of black teenager; no party won enough votes in election to form majority government
  • (2002) Condo-resort ship, The World, set sail from Oslo; cargo ship with 2,900 luxury vehicles aboard capsized and sank
  • (2004) Freighter MS Rocknes capsized, 18 died; oil workers carried on week-long strike; armed men stole paintings from Munch Museum in Norway
  • (2006) Eight foreign workers on Norwegian oil rig off Nigeria kidnapped; researchers discovered remains of prehistoric marine reptile on Svalbard Islands; largest underwater gas pipeline in world opened to transport gas from Norway to Britain; protestors set fire to Norwegian Embassy in Syria due to cartoons in newspaper
  • (2007) Norwegian oil rig support vessel capsized; five people missing
  • (2008) Rockslide in Alesund demolished lower floors of building, five missing
  • (2010) Three Norwegian residents arrested for ties to al-Qaeda, bomb plots in USA and UK; Nobel prize awarded to Chinese dissident, Liu Xiaobo; Beijing government condemned award saying it could damage China-Norway relations; Norwegian daily, Aftenposten, given access to cables held by WikiLeaks
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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