Before the last ice age ended about 10,000 years ago, Norway was covered by a thick ice sheet. When that ice finally retreated (or melted) its movement across the land formed islands, lakes, rivers and mountains. It also etched-out deep valleys that then filled with sea water forming Norway's fjords.
Norway is one of Europe's most mountainous countries, and dominated north to south by the many ranges of the Scandinavian Mountains.
It's a rugged land of elevated plateaus, deep forested valleys and a few remaining ice age glaciers, including Folgefonna, Hardangerjokulen and Jostedalsbreen - the largest glacier on the continental Europe landmass.
Its toothy-edged western coastline is a jagged expanse of (over 50,000) islands and dozens of long, deeply indented fjords; the most significant of which include Baknafjord, Geirangerfjord, Hardangerfjord, Moldefjord, Sognefjord, Trondheimfjord and Vestfjord.
In the far northeast above the Arctic Circle, frozen arctic tundra dominates the landscape, from Vardo, south and west. This tundra receives little precipitation and has a very short growing season, so it is generally a treeless plain of low shrubs and hearty grasses.
A south central plateau slopes into the Trondelag, a hilly and mountainous farming area with strips of fertile land on the edges of the Trondheim Fjord. Additional lowlands are found in the southeast, and along parts of the southern coastline.
There are reportedly over 150,000 (counted) lakes, most quite small, with the largest being Lake Mjosa.
Significant rivers include the Glama, the country's longest, and the Dramselva, Lagen (two of them) and the Tana in the far north.
|Land Area||304,282 km2|
|Water Area||19,520 km2|
|Total Area||323,802km2 (#67)|
|Government Type||Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy|
|GDP (PPP)||$365.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$69,300|
In The News
Trending on WorldAtlas
The Most Dangerous Cities in the World
The Largest Countries in the World
The Deadliest Mass Shootings In History
The Most Popular Sports in the World
The 10 Largest Cities in the World
The 10 Smallest Countries In The World
Deadliest Battles In Human History
29 Largest Armies In The World
The 50 US States Ranked By Population