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Macedonia History Timeline

Macedonia's Information

Flag of Macedonia
Land Area 25,433 km2
Water Area 280 km2
Total Area 25,713km2 (#145)
Population 2,100,025 (#145)
Population Density 82.57/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $29.52 Billion
GDP Per Capita $14,500
Currency Denar (MKD)
Largest Cities
  • (400BC-300BC) King Bardhylus united Illyria, Molossia (Epirus) and part of Macedonia
  • (359BC) Heraclea established
  • (359BC-336BC) Philip II ruled Macedonia
  • (358BC) Illyrians defeated by Philip II of Macedonia
  • (336BC) Alexander inherited the throne of Macedonia and all of Greece
  • (333BC) Hittite Islands and the village known as Ancyra conquered by Macedonians led by Alexander the Great
  • (199BC-150BC) Romans made Macedonia province
800's AD – 1900's
  • (886AD) Macedonian Byzantine emperor Basilius I died
  • (1903) Macedonian threatened uprising; 30,000-50,000 Bulgarian men, women and children massacred by Turkish troops
  • (1908) Russia and Britain threatened action if Macedonia did not reach peace
  • (1913) After five centuries Ottoman rule ended in Europe; Macedonia partitioned between Serbia, Bulgaria, and Greece
  • (1914) World War I; Macedonia occupied by Bulgaria
  • (1918-19) Macedonia part of Serbia again after World War I ended; the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes founded
  • (1929) Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • (1939) World War II; Germany invaded Yugoslavia
  • (1945) Yugoslav socialist federation established, comprised of six republics, included Macedonia with Tito as president
  • (1967) Orthodox church in Macedonia broke free from its Serb overlords
  • (1980) Rise of nationalism among federation's constituent republics; president Tito died
  • (1991) Majority of voters supported referendum for independence; Macedonia gained independence from the former Yugoslavia; Greece objected to the use of the name Macedonia, the same name as one of its own provinces
  • (1992) Denar currency introduced, replaced the old Yugoslav currency; Federal Republic of Yugoslavia acknowledged Macedonia's succession
  • (1993) Macedonia gained UN membership under the name Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • (1994) Greece imposed a two-year trade restriction on Macedonia for using their name of a northern province, caused economic damage
  • (1995) Macedonia President Kiro Gligorov injured in assassination attempt; Greece recognized Macedonia's independence, lifted trade restrictions
  • (1996) Yugoslavia and Macedonia established diplomatic relations; Macedonia opened a stock exchange
  • (1997) Constitutional court forbade use of Albanian flag, sparked protests; parliament adopted law on restricted use of the Albanian flag
  • (1998) Thousands of ethnic Albanians gathered in Skopje in support of ethnic Albanians in Serbia; a coalition government brought Ljubco Georgievski into power as prime minister, included ethnic Albanian representatives
  • (1999) NATO began bombing campaign against Yugoslavia over the treatment of Kosovo Albanians; Serbian mass expulsion and killings of Kosovo Albanians lead to exodus into Macedonia and neighboring countries; Yugoslavia accepted peace plan; Kosovo refugees started leaving Macedonia; Boris Trajkovski elected president
  • (2001) National liberation army demanded equal rights for ethnic Albanians; Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski and Macedonia parties formed a government of national unity, pledged to address minority grievances; incidents of violence continued; angry armed protestors attacked parliament in Skopje; President Trajkovski appealed for peace; Ohrid peace agreement signed, recognized ethnic Albanian rights; national liberation army received amnesty; new constitution approved
  • (2002) Parliament passed new laws, made Albanian an official language; nationalist Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski voted out of office
  • (2003) EU took over peacekeeping duties from NATO in Macedonia
  • (2004) President Boris Trajkovski killed in a plane crash in Bosnia; Macedonia submitted EU application; Branko Crvenkovski elected president; Hari Kostov approved as prime minister; Greece protested a US decision to recognize the former Yugoslav state on its northern border as Macedonia; Prime Minister Hari Kostov resigned; Defense Minister Vlado Buckovski became leader of Social Democratic Union
  • (2005) Macedonia became a candidate for EU membership
  • (2006) NATO offered prospect of Macedonia's invitation to join the military alliance
  • (2007) Macedonia renamed Skopje airport for Alexander the Great
  • (2008) Greece blocked a NATO invitation for Macedonia, objected to the country's name; Macedonia recognized Kosovo, despite protest from Serbia; population in Macedonia about two million, about a quarter being ethnic Albanians
  • (2009) Macedonia applied to International Court of Justice for ruling on its dispute with Greece over the country's name; Gjorgje Ivanov won presidential run-off, defeated Ljubomir Frckoski his Social Democrat rival; visa-free travel within EU's Schengen zone came into effect for Macedonia's citizens
  • (2009) Sightseeing boat sank in Lake Ohrid, 15 died
  • (2010) Police reported that four people were shot dead on the border as they attempted to smuggle weapons and explosives into Macedonia
  • (2011) Protests against police brutality occurred after 22-year old was beaten to death by a member of the special police forces
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

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