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Macedonia History Timeline

Macedonia's Information

Flag of Macedonia
Land Area 25,433 km2
Water Area 280 km2
Total Area 25,713km2 (#145)
Population 2,100,025 (#145)
Population Density 82.57/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $29.52 Billion
GDP Per Capita $14,500
Currency Denar (MKD)
Largest Cities
  • (400BC-300BC) King Bardhylus united Illyria, Molossia (Epirus) and part of Macedonia
  • (359BC) Heraclea established
  • (359BC-336BC) Philip II ruled Macedonia
  • (358BC) Illyrians defeated by Philip II of Macedonia
  • (336BC) Alexander inherited the throne of Macedonia and all of Greece
  • (333BC) Hittite Islands and the village known as Ancyra conquered by Macedonians led by Alexander the Great
  • (199BC-150BC) Romans made Macedonia province
800's AD – 1900's
  • (886AD) Macedonian Byzantine emperor Basilius I died
  • (1903) Macedonian threatened uprising; 30,000-50,000 Bulgarian men, women and children massacred by Turkish troops
  • (1908) Russia and Britain threatened action if Macedonia did not reach peace
  • (1913) After five centuries Ottoman rule ended in Europe; Macedonia partitioned between Serbia, Bulgaria, and Greece
  • (1914) World War I; Macedonia occupied by Bulgaria
  • (1918-19) Macedonia part of Serbia again after World War I ended; the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes founded
  • (1929) Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • (1939) World War II; Germany invaded Yugoslavia
  • (1945) Yugoslav socialist federation established, comprised of six republics, included Macedonia with Tito as president
  • (1967) Orthodox church in Macedonia broke free from its Serb overlords
  • (1980) Rise of nationalism among federation's constituent republics; president Tito died
  • (1991) Majority of voters supported referendum for independence; Macedonia gained independence from the former Yugoslavia; Greece objected to the use of the name Macedonia, the same name as one of its own provinces
  • (1992) Denar currency introduced, replaced the old Yugoslav currency; Federal Republic of Yugoslavia acknowledged Macedonia's succession
  • (1993) Macedonia gained UN membership under the name Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • (1994) Greece imposed a two-year trade restriction on Macedonia for using their name of a northern province, caused economic damage
  • (1995) Macedonia President Kiro Gligorov injured in assassination attempt; Greece recognized Macedonia's independence, lifted trade restrictions
  • (1996) Yugoslavia and Macedonia established diplomatic relations; Macedonia opened a stock exchange
  • (1997) Constitutional court forbade use of Albanian flag, sparked protests; parliament adopted law on restricted use of the Albanian flag
  • (1998) Thousands of ethnic Albanians gathered in Skopje in support of ethnic Albanians in Serbia; a coalition government brought Ljubco Georgievski into power as prime minister, included ethnic Albanian representatives
  • (1999) NATO began bombing campaign against Yugoslavia over the treatment of Kosovo Albanians; Serbian mass expulsion and killings of Kosovo Albanians lead to exodus into Macedonia and neighboring countries; Yugoslavia accepted peace plan; Kosovo refugees started leaving Macedonia; Boris Trajkovski elected president
  • (2001) National liberation army demanded equal rights for ethnic Albanians; Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski and Macedonia parties formed a government of national unity, pledged to address minority grievances; incidents of violence continued; angry armed protestors attacked parliament in Skopje; President Trajkovski appealed for peace; Ohrid peace agreement signed, recognized ethnic Albanian rights; national liberation army received amnesty; new constitution approved
  • (2002) Parliament passed new laws, made Albanian an official language; nationalist Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski voted out of office
  • (2003) EU took over peacekeeping duties from NATO in Macedonia
  • (2004) President Boris Trajkovski killed in a plane crash in Bosnia; Macedonia submitted EU application; Branko Crvenkovski elected president; Hari Kostov approved as prime minister; Greece protested a US decision to recognize the former Yugoslav state on its northern border as Macedonia; Prime Minister Hari Kostov resigned; Defense Minister Vlado Buckovski became leader of Social Democratic Union
  • (2005) Macedonia became a candidate for EU membership
  • (2006) NATO offered prospect of Macedonia's invitation to join the military alliance
  • (2007) Macedonia renamed Skopje airport for Alexander the Great
  • (2008) Greece blocked a NATO invitation for Macedonia, objected to the country's name; Macedonia recognized Kosovo, despite protest from Serbia; population in Macedonia about two million, about a quarter being ethnic Albanians
  • (2009) Macedonia applied to International Court of Justice for ruling on its dispute with Greece over the country's name; Gjorgje Ivanov won presidential run-off, defeated Ljubomir Frckoski his Social Democrat rival; visa-free travel within EU's Schengen zone came into effect for Macedonia's citizens
  • (2009) Sightseeing boat sank in Lake Ohrid, 15 died
  • (2010) Police reported that four people were shot dead on the border as they attempted to smuggle weapons and explosives into Macedonia
  • (2011) Protests against police brutality occurred after 22-year old was beaten to death by a member of the special police forces
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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