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Luxembourg History Timeline

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Luxembourg's Information

Flag of Luxembourg
Land Area 2,586 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 2,586 km2
Population 582,291
Population Density 225.17 / km2
Government Type Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $58.74 Billion
GDP Per Capita $102,000
Currency Euro (EUR)
Largest Cities
  • Luxembourg (76,684)
  • Esch-sur-Alzette (28,228)
  • Dudelange (18,013)
900's - 1500's
  • (963) Luxembourg founded, Belgium area became part of the United Provinces of the Netherlands
  • (1346) Charles IV of Luxembourg elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
  • (1347) Charles IV of the House of Luxembourg crowned King of Bohemia
  • (1477) Seventeen provinces, a union of states in the low countries, became the property of the Habsburgs, included Luxembourg
  • (1582) Gregorian (New World) calendar adopted in Luxembourg
1600's - 1800's
  • (1618-1648) Thirty Years War
  • (1635) Entry of France into Thirty Years War turned Luxembourg into a battleground
  • (1684-1697) French ruled Luxembourg
  • (1697) Treaty of Ryswick returned Luxembourg to Spanish rule
  • (1795-1814) French ruled Luxembourg
  • (1840) Willem II became King of The Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  • (1859) First Luxembourg railroad opened
  • (1867) Luxembourg gained independence
  • (1890) Grand Duchy of Luxembourg separated from The Netherlands
1900's
  • (1914-1918) World War I; Luxembourg under German occupation
  • (1920) Luxembourg joined League of Nations; Belgian-Luxembourg toll tunnel opened
  • (1921) Luxembourg entered economic union with Belgium; the use of Belgium currency in Luxembourg permitted
  • (1940-1944) Luxembourg occupied by Germany during most of World War II
  • (1944-1945) Battle of the Bulge; American army under Patton drove Germans out of Luxembourg
  • (1947) Customs and monetary union with Belgium renewed
  • (1948) Luxembourg formed economic union with Belgium and The Netherlands
  • (1949) Luxembourg joined NATO
  • (1957) Treaty of Rome; Luxembourg became one of six founding members of European Economic Community (EEC)
  • (1959-1974) Pierre Werner served as prime minister
  • (1964) Grand Duchess Charlotte abdicated in favor of her eldest son, Grand Duke Jean
  • (1974) Christian Social party failed to win elections; new government coalition formed between the Democrats and the Socialists
  • (1979) Christian social party regained power; Luxembourg entered period of economic recession; Pierre Werner served second term as prime minister
  • (1984-1995) Jacques Santer became prime minister
  • (1992) Luxembourg adopted Maastricht Treaty which created the European Union
  • (1995) Jean-Claude Juncker became prime minister; Jacques Santer appointed president of the European Commission
  • (1999) Luxembourg, along with 10 other European Union states, made transition to the new Euro monetary system; Jean-Claude Juncker re-elected prime minister
2000's
  • (2000) Crown Prince Henri became Grand Duke of Luxembourg on the abdication of his father, Jean
  • (2002) Euro introduced as national currency
  • (2005) Luxembourg Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker, asked citizens to pass referendum in favor of the EU Constitution; Luxembourg voters ratified the EU's proposed constitution referendum
  • (2008) Governments of Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg took partial control of struggling bank Fortis NV; Grand Duke Henri's threat to block a bill legalizing euthanasia sparked a constitutional arrangement
  • (2009) Luxembourg was added to a "grey list" of countries with questionable banking arrangements; Luxembourg commended by OECD for signing agreements on the exchange of tax information with a dozen countries
  • (2010) 106 children from earthquake-ravaged Haiti airlifted to The Netherlands and Luxembourg to adoptive parents
  • (2011) Luxembourg, Belgium and France agreed to rescue plan for Dexia SA, the Franco-Belgian bank

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