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Andorra History Timeline

Map of Andorra
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Andorra's Information

Flag of Andorra
Land Area 468 km2
Water Area 0 km2
Total Area 468 km2
Population 85,660
Population Density 183.03 / km2
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy (Since March 1993) That Retains Its Chiefs Of State In The Form Of A Co-Principality; The Two Princes Are The President Of France And Bishop Of Seu D'urgell, Spain, Who Are Represented In Andorra By The Co-Princes' Representatives
GDP (PPP) $3.33 Billion
GDP Per Capita $49,900
Currency Euro (EUR)
Largest Cities
  • Andorra la Vella (20,430)
  • les Escaldes (15,853)

800s – 1800s

  • (803) Emperor Charlemagne recovered areas of present day Andorra from Moors
  • (1133) Count of Urgel ceded Andorra to Bishop of Urgel
  • (1278) Under terms of "pareage" agreement, Andorra adopted joint sovereignty with two co-princes, oneFrench and one Spanish
  • (1419) Council of the Land was established to deal with local issues
  • (1866) New reform changed electoral system, process of democratization
  • (1892) French telegraph line into Andorra completed
  • (1899) Andorrans built road from Soldeu to French frontier at Pas de la Casa
  • (1905) Juan Laguarda, bishop of La Seo de Urgel and co-prince of Andorra, persuaded Spanish government to construct road from La Seo de Urgel to Andorran border
  • (1910) Spring floods washed out Andorran roadway at border
  • (1911) Andorran road rebuilt; Dr. Gomma of Ax les Thermes drove the first motor car across the French border into Andorra
  • (1924) Miquel Farre, French letter carrier, introduced skiing to Andorra
  • (1933) Judicial authority dissolved council of the land after unsuccessful attempt to install a king, "Boris I"
  • (1936 - 1939) French troops protected Andorra from Spanish Civil War problems
  • (1939 - 1945) Andorra remained neutral during World War II
  • (1939 - 1945) During World War II, Andorra was used as sumggling route from Vichy France into Spain
  • (1970) Women received right to vote
  • (1982) First executive branch of government -"govern" in Catalan- took office
  • (1990) Andorra signed customs union with European Union
  • (1993) First constitution adopted by referendum which reduced feudal powers of two princes; new executive, legislative and judicial arms of government were established
  • (1993) Andorra became legally independent
  • (1993) Andorra joined United Nations, as the 184th member
  • (1993) France and Spain established embassies in Andorra
  • (1993) First general elections under new constitution were held; Ribas Reig elected premier
  • (1994) Ribas Reig resigned, Marc Forne Molne of Unio Liberal party became prime minister
  • (2001) Marc Forne Molne re-elected prime miniser
  • (2002) Government closed incinerator which had been exceeding EU emission levels 1,000-fold, caused controversey
  • (2005) Liberal party won elections, Albert Pintat became premier
  • (2005) EU and Andorra cooperation agreement went into effect
  • (2007) Andorra's population numbered about 80,000; life expectancy in Andorra reported to be longest in the world
  • (2009) Andorra agreed to ease banking secrecy rules to help other countries pursue tax evaders and money launderers
  • (2009) Social democrats won most votes but failed to gain majority in general elections
  • (2009) Jaume Bartumeu Cassany, Social Democrat leader, was elected prime minister by parliament
  • (2011) General Council dissolved over problems in passing laws
  • (2011) Democrats won majority of seats, Antoni Marti elected prime minister
  • (2012) Business tax of 10% was introduced
  • (2013) 2% sales tax was introduced
  • (2013) Andorra announced it would legislate for introduction of income tax

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