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Albania History Timeline

Albania's Information

Flag of Albania
Land Area 27,398 km2
Water Area 1,350 km2
Total Area 28,748km2 (#140)
Population 3,038,594 (#137)
Population Density 110.91/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $33.90 Billion
GDP Per Capita $11,900
Currency Lek (ALL)
More Information Albania
Largest Cities
  • (1000BC) Illyrians were Indo-European tribesmen who appeared in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula; Albanians derived their name from an Illyrian tribe called the Arber, or Arbereshe, and later Albanoi, who lived near Durres
1100 – 1800
  • (1100-1200) Serbs occupied parts of northern and eastern Albanian inhabited lands
  • (1204) Venice won control over most of Albania; Byzantines regained control of the southern portion, established the Despotate of Epirus
  • (1272) King of Naples occupied Durres; established the Kingdom of Arberia, the first Albanian kingdom since the fall of Illyria
  • (1385) Albanian ruler of Durres invited Ottoman forces to intervene
  • (1443-1468) Gjergj Kastrioti (Skanderbeg) led revolt; began holy war against Ottoman Empire, resulted in brief independence
  • (1468) Skanderbeg died; Turks absorbed Albania into the Ottoman Empire
  • (1478) Christians forced to convert to Islam
  • (1500s-1800s) Two-thirds of Albanians converted to Islam
  • (1822) Albanian leader Ali Pasha of Tepelena assassinated by Ottoman agents for promoting autonomy
  • (1877-1878) Russia defeated the Ottoman Empire; Ottoman influence in Albania weakened
  • (1912) Balkan Wars began; Albania claimed as an independent state
  • (1913) Treaty of Bucharest ended Balkan Wars; Albania recognized as independent state ruled by a constitutional monarchy
  • (1914) German Prince Wilhelm de Wied crowned King of Albania; installed as head of the Albanian state by the International Control Commission; rule ended within six months, with outbreak of World War I
  • (1918) World War I ended; Royal Italian Army occupied most of Albania; Serbian, Greek, and French forces occupied remainder; Italian and Yugoslav powers struggled for dominance over Albania
  • (1919) Serbs attacked Albanian cities; Albanians adopted guerilla warfare
  • (1919) Albania was denied official representation at the Paris Peace Conference; British, French, and Greek negotiators decided to divide Albania among Greece, Italy, and Yugoslavia; decision vetoed by U.S. President Wilson
  • (1920) Albanian leaders met in Lushnje, rejected the partitioning of Albania by the Treaty of Paris; a bicameral parliament created; Albanian government moved to Tirana, capital of Albania
  • (1920) Albania forced Italian troops out, abandoned claims to Albanian territory
  • (1920) Albania admitted to the League of Nations as sovereign and independent state
  • (1921) Yugoslav troops invaded Albania; The League of Nations commission forced Yugoslav withdrawal, reaffirmed Albania's 1913 borders
  • (1921) Popular Party, led by Xhafer Ypi, formed a government with Ahmet Zogu as minister of internal affairs
  • (1922) Ahmet Zogu, a tribal warlord, assumed position of prime minister
  • (1926) Italy and Albania signed the First Treaty of Tirana, guaranteed Zogu's political position and Albania's boundaries
  • (1928) Zogu pressured parliament to dissolve itself; a new constituent assembly declared Albania a kingdom; Zogu became Zog I, "King of the Albanians"
  • (1934) Albania signed trade agreement with Greece and Yugoslavia; Italy suspended economic support; attempted to threaten Albania
  • (1935) Mussolini presented a gift of 3,000,000 gold francs to Albania; other economic aid followed
  • (1937) Italy occupied Albania
  • (1939) Before the start of World War II, Italy invaded Albania; King Zog fled to Greece
  • (1940) Italian army attacked Greece through Albania
  • (1941) Enver Hoxha became head of new Albanian Communist Party
  • (1943) German forces invaded and occupied Albania
  • (1944) Germans withdrew after Communist resistance; Enver Hoxha installed as new leader
  • (1948) Albania broke ties with Yugoslavia; Soviet Union began economic aid to Albania
  • (1950) Britain and U.S. backed landings by right-wing guerillas, who failed to topple communists

Albania Trivia

Where is Albania?

Albania is a mountainous country located in Southeastern Europe.

Fun Facts about Albania

What Languages are Spoken in Albania?

Albania is an ethnically homogeneous country with a vast majority of the population speaking the Albanian language.

What Languages Are Spoken In Albania?

What is the biggest city in Albania?

Tiranë, the capital city of Albania, is the largest city in Albania. It has a population of around 860,000 people.

What are the Biggest Cities in Albania?

What Is The Capital Of Albania?

Tirana is the capital and the largest city of Albania. It is the center of the country's economy, culture, and government activities. The city was founded in 1614 and was declared the country's capital in 1912.

What Is The Capital Of Albania?

What is a Puppet Government?

A "puppet state" is a government that has little will of its own, as it needs financial backing or military support. Thus, it acts an a subordinate to another power in exchange for its own survival. The puppet government still holds its own facade of an identity, perpetuated by retaining its own flag, name, national anthem, law, and constitution. However, these type of governments are not considered as legitimate according to international law.

What Is A Puppet Government?

Are There Any UNESCO Sites in Albania?

Some of the Albanian World Heritage Sites include Burtint, the Historic Berat and Gjirokastra, the Durres Amphitheater, and the Royal Tombs of Selca.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Albania

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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