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Singapore History Timeline

Singapore's Information

Flag of Singapore
Land Area 687 km2
Water Area 10 km2
Total Area 697km2 (#176)
Population 5,781,728 (#113)
Population Density 8,415.91/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $488.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $87,100
Currency Dollar (SGD)
Largest Cities
1300 - 1700
  • (1300) Port of Temasek (modern Singapore) was founded by Prince Sang Nila Utama of Srivijaya (Malay Empire)
  • (1414) Temasek became part of Sultanate of Malacca (Malaysia)
  • (1515)Malacca fell to the Portuguese and Temasek became part of Sultanate of Johor
  • (1613) Portuguese burned down trading outpost at mouth of Singapore River
  • (1819) Stamford Raffles and William Farquhar arrived in Singapore to establish trading post for British East India Company
  • (1819) Farquhar was installed as first resident of the settlement
  • (1822) Raffles Plan of Singapore drafted by Raffles to reorganize the island
  • (1826) Singapore, Malacca and Penang became part of British Colony of Straits Settlements under the rule of the East India Company
  • (1830) Singapore came under Presidency of Bengal
  • (1832) Singapore became the center of government of Straits Settlements
  • (1852) Keppel Harbour was established between the mainland and islands of Pulau Brani and Sentosa to help British colonists attempting to establish a maritime colony
  • (1858) Singapore came under Government of India's hierarchy, remained part of the Straits Settlements
  • (1867) Straits Settlements became crown colony of British Empire
  • (1869) Suez Canal opened, trade in Singapore boomed
  • (1877) Chinese Protectorate established, William Pickering became head
  • (1915) Singapore Mutiny occurred when British Muslim Indian soldiers revolted against British
  • (1923) Singapore began construction of main British naval base in East Asia
  • (1941)  Singapore is bombed by Japan.
  • (1942) Japan conquered Singapore, renamed it Syonan (Light of the South)
  • (1945) Japan surrendered, British returned and began military administration of Straits Settlements
  • (1946) Straits Settlements was dissolved; Singapore became separate crown colony
  • (1947) Food shortages led to rice rationing, which caused malnutrition, disease and outbreaks of crimes and violence
  • (1947) Strikes caused stoppages in public transportation, public services and the harbour
  • (1948) Communists destroyed rubber plantations, tin mines in Malaya; Britain declared state of emergency over Malaya and Singapore
  • (1948) Singapore held first limited elections with six seats on Legislative Council
  • (1951) In second election, number of seats increased to nine
  • (1954) Chinese students demonstrated against National Service proposal established by the British
  • (1955) Labor Front won majority of seats in election; David Saul Marshall became first Chief Minister of Singapore
  • (1955) Government began Central Provident Fund, a compulsory social security savings plan, requiring contributions from employees and employers
  • (1956) David Saul Marshall appealed to the United Kingdom for full self-government, request denied
  • (1956) David Saul Marshall resigned position, Lim Yew Hock took over as Chief Minister
  • (1956) Pro-communist Chinese students rioted when government closed a student union
  • (1959) Encik Yusof bin Ishak became Singapore's prime minister
  • (1959) Lim Yew Hock gained full self-government for Singapore
  • (1959) Lee Kuan Yew became first Prime Minister after People's Action Party (PAP) won general election
  • (1961) Fire broke out in squatter settlement of Bukit Ho Swee, four died, 85 injured, 16,000 homeless, 2,200 homes destroyed
  • (1963) The Federation of Malaysia Agreement signed between leaders of Malaya, Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak
This page was last updated on May 3, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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