With an area of 329,847 sq. km, Malaysia is the 66th largest country in the world.
As observed on the physical map above, Malaysia consists of the Peninsular Malaysia, which is part of mainland Southeast Asia, and the states of Sabah and Sarawak (east Malaysia) on the northern edges of the island of Borneo.
In essence, the coastal plains here (in some areas rather wide) rise gently into hills and mountains, all covered by dense rain forests.
Countrywide, elevations average between 3,500 to 6,000 feet, with the major exception being Malaysia's highest point, Mt. Kinabalu, at 13,451 ft. (4,100 m) in the State of Sabah. It has been marked on the map above.
The lowest point of the country is the South China Sea at 0 m. Off the coastlines of Malaysia are hundreds of very small islands (dots on a sea of blue).
Running along the peninsula are numerous caves, carved out by water eroding limestone, with the Mulu Caves in East Malaysia being one of the largest cave systems in the world.
Over two dozen rivers of size flow from the mountains, with the Pahang, Rajang and Sugut being the most significant.
There are only two natural lakes within Malaysia's borders: Bera Lake and Tasik Chini. Created in 1985, Kenyir Lake is an artificial lake that is said to be the largest in the world, covering some 100 sq miles (260 sq km).
Malaysia is divided into 13 states (Negeri) and 3 federal territories (Wilayah Persekutuan). Out of these – 11 states and 2 federal territories are situated in West Malaysia; 2 states and 1 federal territory in Borneo Island (East Malaysia). In alphabetical order, the 13 states are: Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor and Terengganu. Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya are the federal territories in Malaysia. The states are further subdivided into districts and smaller subdivisions.
Located in the Klang Valley, Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the biggest city in Malaysia. Besides being, the cultural and economic center of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur is also one of the top tourist destinations in the world.
Malaysia is a Southeast Asian country located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. The South China Sea separates Malaysia into two regions: Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia) and East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia is a part of mainland Southeast Asia and lies in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, bordered by Thailand. The states of Sabah and Sarawak located on the northern edges of the Borneo Islands forms the East Malaysian region, and are bordered by Brunei and Indonesia. West Malaysia shares its maritime borders with Singapore, Indonesia and Vietnam, while East Malaysia shares it with Philippines and Vietnam.
Regional Maps: Map of Asia
|Capital City||Kuala Lumpur; note - nearby Putrajaya is referred to as a federal government administrative center but not the capital; Parliament meets in Kuala Lumpur|
|3 10 N, 101 42 E|
|Independence||31 August 1957 (from the UK)|
|Total Area||329,847 km2|
|Land Area||328,657 km2|
|Water Area||1,190 km2|
|Total Border||2,742 km|
|Bordering Countries||Brunei 266 km, Indonesia 1881 km, Thailand 595 km|
|Climate||Tropical; annual southwest (april to october) and northeast (october to february) monsoons|
|Coordinates||2 30 N, 112 30 E|
|Mean Elevation||419 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||4,095 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Bumiputera 62% (Malays and indigenous peoples, including Orang Asli, Dayak, Anak Negeri), Chinese 20.6%, Indian 6.2%, other 0.9%, non-citizens 10.3% (2017 est.)|
|Languages||Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai|
|Religions||Muslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$11,414.84|
|Exports||Semiconductors and electronic equipment, palm oil, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals, solar panels|
This page was last updated on October 8, 2020