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Lebanon History Timeline

Lebanon's Information

Flag of Lebanon
Land Area 10,230 km2
Water Area 170 km2
Total Area 10,400km2 (#161)
Population 6,237,738 (#107)
Population Density 609.75/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $85.16 Billion
GDP Per Capita $18,500
Currency Pound (LBP)
Largest Cities
  • (1200s BC) Phoenicians invented the alphabet, created Tyrian Purple (dye)
  • (774 BC) Reign of King Pygmalion of Tyre ended
  • (724 BC) Assyrians began a four-year siege of Tyre
  • (710 BC) Judah, Tyre, Sidon revolted against Assyria
  • (587 BC) Region annexed to Babylonian empire
  • (555 - 333 BC) Persian period of rule
  • (332 - 64 BC) Hellenistic period. Alexander the Great took over Tyre, after his death, there were a series of Hellenistic rulers
  • (140 BC) Beirut was destroyed by Diodotus Tryphon
  • (64 BC) Beirut was conquered by Agrippa
451 AD - 1600s
  • (451) Christian community of Maronites sought refuge in mountains of Lebanon
  • (551) Earthquake and tsunami destroyed Beirut, killed 30,000 within the city, over 250,000 along coast
  • (630) A group of autonomous Maronite communities settled in Mount Lebanon following conquest of Syria
  • (632 - 661) Islam brought to area surrounding Lebanon by Caliph Abu Bakr
  • (661) Muawiyah I, founder of the Umayyad dynasty, became governor of Syria, included Lebanon
  • (986) New religion, the Druze, was founded by Ad-Darazi
  • (1110) Crusaders captured Beirut and Sidon
  • (1124) Tyre surrendered to the Crusaders
  • (1291) Shia Muslims, Druze rebelled against Mamluks
  • (1308) Mamluks crushed rebellion
  • (1516) A semi-autonomous reign of Lebanon was granted to Emir Fakhr ad-Din I by Ottoman Sultan Selim I
  • (1570 - 1635) Fakhr ad-Din II reigned
  • (1613) After failure to defeat Ahmad al Hafiz of Damascus, Fakhr ad-Din II was exiled to Tuscany
  • (1618) Fakhr ad-Din returned to Lebanon
  • (1622) Battle of Anjar between Ottoman army and Fakhr ad-Din II's army took place
  • (1635) Fakhr ad-Din executed after army defeated
  • (1840) British and Ottoman troops landed on Lebanon's coast
  • (1840 - 1858) On-going conflicts between the Druze and Maronite
  • (1857) Wine industry started when Jesuit monks founded Chateau Ksara in Bekaa Valley
  • (1860) War erupted between Druze and Maronites
  • (1860) Napoleon III of France sent 7,000 troops to Beirut, helped establish a partition: Druze controlled the territory, Maronites forced into an enclave
  • (1880) Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon were part of Syria under Ottoman rule
  • (1887) Villager discovered royal tomb with 18 marble sarcophagi in underground chambers near Sidon


  • (1912) In first act of war against Ottoman Empire, Italy bombed Beirut
  • (1914-1918) World War I
  • (1914) Jamal Pasha military occupied Lebanon
  • (1915) Blockade of eastern Mediterranean coast established by Jamal Pasha, thousands of Lebanese died from famine and plagues
  • (1916) 21 Syrians and Lebanese were executed by Turkish authorities for alleged anti-Turkish activities
  • (1916) Sykes-Picot Agreement put Syria and Lebanon under French control, Britain claimed Jordan, Iraq, Gulf States, Palestinian Mandate
  • (1920) France was granted mandate for Lebanon and Syria by the League of Nations, formed the State of Greater Lebanon
  • (1926) Constitution approved by Lebanese Representative Council and Lebanon Republic was established
  • (1940) Lebanon came under Vichy French government control
  • (1941) Lebanon proclaimed independence
  • (1943) French relinquished remaining control and Lebanon gained independence
  • (1943) Bishara al-Khuri elected first president of Lebanon
  • (1943) Power-sharing agreement was established, which called for the president to be a Maronite Christian, the prime minister to be a Sunni Muslim and the speaker of the chamber of deputies a Shia Muslim
  • (1946) British and French troops withdrew from Lebanon
  • (1946) Lebanon became member of United Nations
  • (1948) Palestinian refugees arrived in Lebanon following Israel statehood
  • (1948) Constitution was amended allowing Bishara al-Khuri to run for second term as president
  • (1948) General strike protesting corruption and opposition to Khuri government forced Khuri's resignation, Camille Chamoun became president
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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