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Located in the Horn of Britain, the Dervish state collapsed and its territory turned into a protectorate.

President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed resigned from office in December 2008, and a month later Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed was elected president.

Conflict continues in the southern and central parts of the country between government troops and extremist Islamist militants with links to al-Qaeda.

A famine struck Somalia in 2011 following the worst drought of East Africa in 60 years. Relief from all over the world poured in, and by February 2012 the UN announced that the food crisis was over.

In spite of the civil unrest, the economy has remained healthy, primarily based on livestock, money transfer companies and telecommunications.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.