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Guinea-Bissau History Timeline

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Guinea-Bissau's Information

Flag of Guinea-Bissau
Land Area 28,120 km2
Water Area 8,005 km2
Total Area 36,125 km2
Population 1,759,159
Population Density 48.70 / km2
Government Type Semi-Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $2.85 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,600
Currency Franc (XOF)
Largest Cities
  • Bissau (388,028)
  • Bafata (22,521)

1500s - 1800s

  • (1500s) The region of Guinea-Bissau is controlled by the Gabu Kingdom
  • (1446) Portuguese explorers began to arrive along the western coast of Africa
  • (1616) A military base is established at Cacheu to help control the increase of slave trade
  • (1879) The colonies of Bissau and Cacheu are merged to form Portuguese Guinea

  • (1951) Guinea-Bissau is declared a province of Portugal
  • (1956) An armed rebellion led by Amilcar Cabral and the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) extended its control over large parts of the region
  • (1959) Dock workers on strike are massacred by Portuguese authorities in Bissau
  • (1961) A guerrilla war against Portugal is waged by the PAIGC
  • (1973) Amilcar Cabral is assassinated in Conakry, Guinea
  • (1974) Guinea-Bissau is granted independence with Luis Cabral, brother of Amilcar Cabral, as president
  • (1980) Luis Cabral is ousted in a military coup and Joao Bernardo Vieira is named Chairman of the Military Revolutionary Council
  • (1984) A new, single-party, constitution is introduced based on Marxist-Leninst principles
  • (1990) Guinea-Bissau's parliament revoked the PAIGC's status as sole-party
  • (1991) A multiparty democracy is introduced
  • (1994) Joao Bernardo Vieira is elected president following the country's first multiparty election
  • (1998) An army mutiny occurred after General Ansumane Mane is fired following accusations of weapon smuggling to rebels in Senegal
  • (1999) Ansumane Mane staged a successful coup against Vieira

  • (2000) Kumba Yala is elected president
  • (2000) General Mane is killed after trying to stage a coup
  • (2002) Plans are announced by President Yala to dissolve parliament
  • (2003) Kumba Yala is deposed of in a military coup
  • (2005) Joao Bernardo Vieira is named president following elections
  • (2006) Guinea-Bissau soldiers fought against Senegalese rebels along the southern border
  • (2009) President Vieira is assassinated hours after a bomb attack killing the army's chief of staff, General Tagme Na Waie
  • (2009) Malam Bacai Sanha is declared president in election run-off
  • (2010) The European Union announced an end to the mission of reforming Guinea-Bissau's security forces due to a lack of respect for the law
  • (2011) Aid to Guinea-Bissau is suspended by the EU; protesters demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Junior for failing to prevent rising food costs
  • (2012) President Malam Bacai passed away following lengthy medical treatment and is replaced by Raimundo Pereira
  • (2012) Soldiers overturned the government of Interim President Pereira and formed a transitional government led by Manuel Serifo
  • (2013) Chief of Staff Antonio Injai is accused by the US Department of Justice for plotting to traffic drugs and weapons to Colombian rebels
  • (2014) The first presidential elections following the death of Malam Bacai are scheduled for May

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