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Botswana Geography

Botswana's Information

Flag of Botswana
Land Area 566,730 km2
Water Area 15,000 km2
Total Area 581,730km2 (#47)
Population 2,209,208 (#144)
Population Density 3.90/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $35.90 Billion
GDP Per Capita $16,900
Currency Pula (BWP)
More Information Botswana
Largest Cities

The flat southern African plateau covers much of the country, with an average elevation of 3,300 ft. The Kalahari Desert blankets the southwest.

To the north, the Okavango Delta provides a thriving oasis, while numerous salt lakes and pans attract an array of migrant waterfowl, including flamingos.

As for salt pans, the Makgadikgadi Pan in the middle of the dry savanna of northeastern Botswana is one of the largest salt flats in the world. The pan is all that remains of enormous Lake Makgadikgadi, which once covered an area larger than Switzerland, but dried up several thousand years ago.

Additional landforms include savanna grasslands in the east, and a dry scrub along the western border with Namibia.

Significant rivers include the Limpopo, Okavango and Shashe. Note that the Molopo River creates a geographical border between South Africa and Botswana, however, the river generally dries in the summer season.

Botswana's highest point is Tsodilo Hills at 5,521 ft. (1,489 m); the lowest point is a junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers at 1,683 ft. (513 m).

This page was last updated on September 29, 2015.

Botswana Trivia

What is the biggest city in Botswana?

Gaborone is the largest city in Botswana with a population of 231,000.

Biggest Cities In Botswana

What Kind of Plants Live in Botswana?

Some of the plants that live in Botswana include the sweet thorn, blady grass, the real fan palm and the medlar.

Native Plants Of Botswana

What Languages are Spoken in Botswana?

English is the official language of Botswana, while Setswana is the most widely spoken language in the country. Several other minority languages, especially Bantu languages, are also spoken in Botswana.

What Languages are Spoken in Botswana?

What is the capital of Botswana?

Gaborone is the capital of Botswana.

What Is The Capital Of Botswana?

What is the Leading Cause of Death in Botswana?

The number 1 killer of the residents of Botswana is HIV/AIDS. This disease is responsible for 32% of all deaths annually.

Botswana: Life Expectancy, Death Rate, Leading Causes of Death

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Botswana?

Botswana is rich in a wide variety of natural resources including minerals, arable land, livestock, and the nation's beautiful scenery.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Botswana?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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