The flat southern African plateau covers much of the country, with an average elevation of 3,300 ft. The Kalahari Desert blankets the southwest.
To the north, the Okavango Delta provides a thriving oasis, while numerous salt lakes and pans attract an array of migrant waterfowl, including flamingos.
As for salt pans, the Makgadikgadi Pan in the middle of the dry savanna of northeastern Botswana is one of the largest salt flats in the world. The pan is all that remains of enormous Lake Makgadikgadi, which once covered an area larger than Switzerland, but dried up several thousand years ago.
Additional landforms include savanna grasslands in the east, and a dry scrub along the western border with Namibia.
Significant rivers include the Limpopo, Okavango and Shashe. Note that the Molopo River creates a geographical border between South Africa and Botswana, however, the river generally dries in the summer season.
Botswana's highest point is Tsodilo Hills at 5,521 ft. (1,489 m); the lowest point is a junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers at 1,683 ft. (513 m).