Aruba is an island country covering an area of 179 sq. km, in the south western Caribbean, off the Venezuelan coast.
As observed on the physical map above, Aruba is mostly a dry and flat riverless island. It is famous for its white, sandy beaches on the western and southern coasts.
The northern and eastern edges of the island are exposed to higher winds; consequently having fewer sand beaches, much rougher seas and a rocky coastline.
The highest point on the island is Mount Yamanota at 188m (617ft) above sea level. The interior parts of the island are characterized by scattered rolling hills, including Hooiberg Mountain, at 165m (541ft).
Aruba has no administrative divisions. It is one of the constituent countries of the Kingdom of Netherlands. Situated on the southern coast close to the country’s western island is, Oranjestad – the capital and the largest city of Aruba. It is also the administrative as well as the country’s petroleum processing and shipping center. Oranjestad port serves as the largest port in the island nation.
Aruba is an island country located in the south western Caribbean region, off the Venezuelan coast. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. It is surrounded by the Caribbean Sea.
Regional Maps: Map of North America
|12 31 N, 70 02 W|
|Independence||none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)|
|Total Area||180.00 km2|
|Land Area||180.00 km2|
|Water Area||0.00 km2|
|Total Border||0.0 km|
|Climate||Tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation|
|Coordinates||12 30 N, 69 58 W|
|Mean Elevation||0 m|
|Lowest Elevation||0 m|
|Highest Elevation||188 m|
|Ethnic Groups||Aruban 66%, Colombian 9.1%, Dutch 4.3%, Dominican 4.1%, Venezuelan 3.2%, Curacaoan 2.2%, Haitian 1.5%, Surinamese 1.2%, Peruvian 1.1%, Chinese 1.1%, other 6.2% (2010 est.)|
|Languages||Papiamento (official) (a creole language that is a mixture of Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, English, and, to a lesser extent, French, as well as elements of African languages and the language of the Arawak) 69.4%, Spanish 13.7%, English (widely spoken) 7.1%, Dutch (official) 6.1%, Chinese 1.5%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)|
|Religions||Roman Catholic 75.3%, Protestant 4.9% (includes Methodist 0.9%, Adventist 0.9%, Anglican 0.4%, other Protestant 2.7%), Jehovah's Witness 1.7%, other 12%, none 5.5%, unspecified 0.5% (2010 est.)|
|GDP Per Capita||$29,007.69|
|Exports||Live animals and animal products, art and collectibles, machinery and electrical equipment, transport equipment|
This page was last updated on November 9, 2020