Populations Of Capital Cities Of The World

Planet Earth is the only known planet that can support life forms. According to the United Nations projections, the world population is about 7.8 billion as of March 2020. The human population has experienced rapid growth in the last millennium, particularly in the last five centuries. While it took about two million years for the population to cross the one billion mark, the population size has increased by about six billion in the last 200 years. The UN predicts that there will be 9-10 billion people on Earth by 2050 and 10-12 billion by the beginning of the 22nd century.

Asia is the most populated continent and home to some of the largest countries and cities by population. The continent is home to 4.6 billion people, about 59% of the world’s population. Africa is the second-most populated continent, with 1.3 billion people, followed by Europe with 748 million people. China is the world’s most populated country, hosting 1.4 billion people about 18% of the global population. India, the world’s second-most populous country, is home to 1.37 billion people (17.5%). Germany is Europe’s most populated country located entirely on the continent, while the US and Nigeria are the Americas and Africa’s most populous countries.

China is home to some of the world’s largest cities by population, including six of the ten largest cities (city proper population). Some of its largest cities are Chongqing, Shanghai, Beijing, and Chengdu. However, Tokyo is, by far, Asia’s and world’s largest capital city, with about 37.3 million people within the metropolitan area. In Europe, Moscow is the largest capital city, with 20 million people, while Mexico City is the Americas’ largest capital city, with 22 million people. Nigeria is Africa’s most populated country and hosts the continent’s largest capital city (Lagos), which is home to about 21 million people. Although Sydney is the largest city in both Australia and Oceania with over 4.3 million people, Canberra is the region’s largest capital city, with about 355,000 people. Below is a list of the world capital cities and their populations.

Country, Capital City, Population

A

  • Afghanistan, Kabul, 3,289,000
  • Albania, Tirane, 763,634
  • Algeria, Algiers, 3,574,000
  • Andorra, Andorra la Vella, 22,884
  • Angola, Luanda, 2,453,779
  • Antigua and Barbuda, (Antigua) St. John's, 22,679; (Barbuda) Codrington, 1,325
  • Argentina, Buenos Aires, city: 2,891,082; metro: 13,074,000
  • Armenia, Yerevan, 1,121,900
  • Australia, Canberra, 354,644
  • Austria, Vienna, 1,552,789
  • Azerbaijan, Baku, 1,879,251

B

  • Bahamas, Nassau, 248,948
  • Bahrain, Manama, 140,616
  • Bangladesh, Dhaka, city: 7,000,940; metro: 12,797,394
  • Barbados, Bridgetown, 96,578
  • Belarus, Minsk, 1,702,061
  • Belgium, Brussels, 1,080,790
  • Belize, Belmopan, 12,300
  • Benin, Porto-Noveo (official): 223,552; Cotonou (de facto capital): 779,314
  • Bhutan, Thimphu, 101,259
  • Bolivia, Sucre (official): 300,000; La Paz (de facto capital): 877,363
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, 383,604
  • Botswana, Gaborone, 225,656
  • Brazil, Brasilia, 2,648,532
  • Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan, 28,135
  • Bulgaria, Sofia, 1,090,295
  • Burkina Faso, Ouagadougou, 1,005,231
  • Burundi, Bujumbura, 384,461

C

  • Cambodia, Phnom Penh, 2,011,725
  • Cameroon, Yaounde, 1,616,000
  • Canada, Ottawa, 898,150
  • Cape Verde, Praia, 125,464
  • Central African Republic, Bangui, 731,548
  • Chad, N'Djamena, 751,288
  • Chile, Santiago, 5,084,038
  • China, Beijing, 20,180,000
  • Colombia, Bogota, 7,613,303
  • Comoros, Moroni, 60,200
  • Congo, Brazzaville, 1,088,044
  • Costa Rica, San Jose, 328,195
  • Cote d'Ivoire, Yamoussoukro, 454,929
  • Croatia, Zagreb, 804,200
  • Cuba, Havana, 2,135,498
  • Cyprus, Nicosia, 239,277
  • Czech Republic, Prague, 1,227,332

D

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kinshasa, 4,385,264
  • Denmark, Copenhagen, 1,231,166
  • Djibouti, Djibouti, 475,332
  • Dominica, Roseau, 14,847
  • Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo, 2,995,211

E

  • East Timor, Dili, 193,563
  • Ecuador, Quito, 1,504,991
  • Egypt, Cairo, 7,438,376
  • El Salvador, San Salvador, 521,366
  • Equatorial Guinea, Malabo, 100,677
  • Eritrea, Asmara, 543,707
  • Estonia, Tallinn, 403,547
  • Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 3,040,740

F

  • Fiji, Suva, 84,410
  • Finland, Helsinki, 596,661
  • France, Paris, 2,268,265

G

  • Gabon, Libreville, 556,425
  • Gambia, Banjul, 34,828
  • Georgia, Tbilisi, 1,044,993
  • Germany, Berlin, 3,520,000
  • Ghana, Accra, 1,640,507
  • Greece, Athens, 721,477
  • Grenada, St. George's, 7,500
  • Guatemala, Guatemala City, 1,103,865
  • Guinea, Conakry, 1,399,981
  • Guinea-Bissau, Bissau, 452,640
  • Guyana, Georgetown, 134,599

H

  • Haiti, Port-au-Prince, 1,235,227
  • Honduras, Tegucigalpa, 735,982
  • Hungary, Budapest, 1,728,718

I

  • Iceland, Reykjavik, 115,000
  • India, New Delhi, 292,300
  • Indonesia, Jakarta, 10,187,595
  • Iran, Tehran, city: 12,223,598; metro: 13,828,365
  • Iraq, Baghdad, 7,216,040
  • Ireland, Dublin, 1,045,769
  • Israel, Jerusalem, 780,200
  • Italy, Rome, 2,792,508

J

  • Jamaica, Kingston, 701,063
  • Japan, Tokyo, city: 13,185,502; metro: 35,862,460
  • Jordon, Amman, 2,600,603

K

  • Kazakhstan, Astana, 700,000
  • Kenya, Nairobi, 2,665,657
  • Kiribati, South Tarawa, 30,000
  • Korea (North), Pyongyang, 3,144,005
  • Korea (South), Seoul, city 10,581,728; metro 25,620,000
  • Kuwait, Kuwait City, 1,171,880
  • Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek, 843,240

L

  • Laos, Vientiane, 287,579
  • Latvia, Riga, 713,016
  • Lebanon, Beirut, 1,574,387
  • Lesotho, Maseru, 267,652
  • Liberia, Monrovia, 1,010,970
  • Libya, Tripoli, 1,184,045
  • Liechtenstein, Vaduz, 5,248
  • Lithuania, Vilnius, 556,723
  • Luxembourg, Luxembourg, 76,420

M

  • Macedonia, Skopje, 506,926
  • Madagascar, Antananarivo, 1,918,117
  • Malawi, Lilongwe, 902,388
  • Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1,381,830
  • Maldives, Male, 103,693
  • Mali, Bamako, 1,289,626
  • Malta, Valletta, 6,315
  • Marshall Islands, Majuro, 25,400
  • Mauritania, Nouakchott, 719,167
  • Mauritius, Port Louis, 147,251
  • Mexico, Mexico City, 8,851,080
  • Micronesia, Palikir, 9,900
  • Moldova, Chisinau, 794,800
  • Monaco, Monaco, 35,986
  • Mongolia, Ulan Bator, 907,802
  • Montenegro, Podgorica, 141,854
  • Morocco, Rabat, 1,789,635
  • Mozambique, Maputo, 1,076,689
  • Myanmar (Burma), Nay Pyi Taw, 925,000

N

  • Namibia, Windhoek, 252,721
  • Nauru, Yaren, 1,100
  • Nepal, Kathmandu, 812,026
  • (The) Netherlands, Amsterdam, 740,094
  • New Zealand, Wellington, 381,900
  • Nicaragua, Managua, 926,883
  • Niger, Niamey, 794,814
  • Nigeria, Abuja, 778,567
  • Norway, Oslo, 575,475

O

  • Oman, Muscat, 797,000

P

  • Pakistan, Islamabad, 955,629
  • Palau, Ngerulmud, 391
  • Panama, Panama City, 813,097
  • Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby, 307,643
  • Paraguay, Asuncion, 520,722
  • Peru, Lima, city: 7,605,742; metro: 8,472,935
  • Philippines, Manila, city: 1,652,171; metro: 11,855,975
  • Poland, Warsaw, 1,706,724
  • Portugal, Lisbon, 564,657

Q

  • Qatar, Doha, 1,450,000

R

  • Romania, Bucharest, 1,942,254
  • Russia, Moscow, 11,541,000
  • Rwanda, Kigali, 718,414

S

  • St. Kitts and Nevis, Basseterre, 13,043
  • St. Lucia, Castries, 57,000
  • St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Kingstown, 16,031
  • Samoa, Apia, 39,813
  • San Marino, San Marino, 4,493
  • Sao Tome and Principe, Sao Tome, 56,166
  • Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, 4,878,723
  • Senegal, Dakar, 1,030,594
  • Serbia, Belgrade, 1,154,589
  • Seychelles, Victoria, 29,298
  • Sierra Leone, Freetown, 1,070,200
  • Singapore, Singapore, 5,312,000
  • Slovakia, Bratislava, 424,207
  • Slovenia, Ljubljana, 280,140
  • Solomon Islands, Honiara, 59,288
  • Somalia, Mogadishu, 1,097,133
  • South Africa, Pretoria (official: 2,345,908), 1,097,133; Bloemfontein (judicial: 369,568); Cape Town (legislative: 827,218)
  • South Sudan, Juba, 372,410
  • Spain, Madrid, 3,233,527
  • Sri Lanka, Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, 118,556
  • Sudan, Khartoum, 1,740,661
  • Suriname, Paramaribo, 254,147
  • Swaziland, Mbabane, 81,594
  • Sweden, Stockholm, 770,284
  • Switzerland, Berne, 121,631
  • Syria, Damascus, 3,500,000

T

  • Taiwan, Taipei, 2,618,772
  • Tajikistan, Dushanbe, 582,496
  • Tanzania, Dodoma, 287,200
  • Thailand, Bangkok, 8,249,117
  • Togo, Lome, 824,738
  • Tonga, Nukuʻalofa, 22,400
  • Trinidad and Tobago, Port-of-Spain, 50,479
  • Tunisia, Tunis, 767,629
  • Turkey, Ankara, 4,890,893
  • Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 763,537
  • Tuvalu, Funafuti, 4,492

U

  • Uganda, Kampala, 1,659,600
  • Ukraine, Kiev, 2,832,398
  • United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi, 585,097
  • United Kingdom, London, 8,174,100
  • United States, Washington, D.C., 601,723
  • Uruguay, Montevideo, 1,369,797
  • Uzbekistan, Tashkent, 2,207,850

V

  • Vanuatu, Port Vila, 38,000
  • (The) Vatican, Vatican City, 826
  • Venezuela, Caracas, 1,838,939
  • Vietnam, Hanoi, 3,398,889

W

  • Western Sahara, El Aaiun, 194,668

Y

  • Yemen, Sana'a, 1,431,649

Z

  • Zambia, Lusaka, 1,331,254
  • Zimbabwe, Harare, 1,487,028
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