The archaeological remains of a native american guisewa pueblo and spanish colonial mission at Jemez Historic Site in Jemez Springs, New Mexico.

Jemez Springs, New Mexico

Jemez Springs is a small village situated along the Jemez Mountain Trail in Sandoval County in the northern portion of New Mexico, United States. As the name suggests, Jemez Springs is full of nourishing hot springs, both developed and undeveloped, whose curative mineral waters have drawn people here for ages. Many retreat centers have taken residency in Jemez Springs because of the area's capacity to promote spiritual awakening and renewal. This is due to the area's rich Native American heritage with Jemez Pueblo, which plays a vital part in its cultural attractions. There are many recreational activities to attempt, such as hiking, cross-country skiing, fishing, wildlife viewing, and relaxing in hot springs.

Geography And Climate Of Jemez Springs

House in Jemez Springs, New Mexico
House in Jemez Springs, New Mexico. Image Credit: Cathy from USA via Wikimedia Commons

Jemez Springs is situated in the Jemez Mountains, wholly within the Santa Fe National Forest, along the Jemez River in the San Diego Canyon. The Jemez River is fed by geothermal springs in and around the settlement. Jemez Pueblo is located 12 miles south of Jemez Springs. Other nearby cities to Jemez Springs include Los Alamos (38 miles northeast), Corrales (46 miles south), Albuquerque (59 miles south), Chimayo (67 miles northeast), and Santa Fe (72 miles east). Jemez Springs covers a total area of 12.43 sq. km, all of which is occupied by land. 

According to the Köppen climate classification, Jemez Springs has a Marine West Coast Climate that is characterized by minimal temperature extremes and regular amounts of precipitation throughout the year. The average annual temperature is 10°C, with July and December recording the highest (20.6°C) and lowest (0°C) average temperatures, respectively. On average, Jemez Springs gets 447mm of precipitation yearly, with August reporting the highest number (76.2mm). The snowy period occurs between December and January. However, the rainy season occurs between June and November.

Brief History Of Jemez Springs

Ruins of a Spanish Colonial Church at the Jemez Historic Site in Jemez Springs, New Mexico
Ruins of a Spanish Colonial Church at the Jemez Historic Site in Jemez Springs, New Mexico. 

Archaeological discoveries at Jemez Cave, close to Soda Dam, provide evidence of the human presence in the Jemez Valley as early as 2,500 BC. Migration groups ultimately came together to build pueblos, which are said to have accommodated up to 30,000 people at one time. The ancestors of the Jemez (Walatowa) people who lived there inhabited the pueblo of Guisewa until the 15th century. Around 1541, Spanish missionaries constructed missions in the region, one of which was San Jose de Guisewa, built by Franciscan priests around 1621. Due to its naturally occurring mineral hot springs, Jemez Springs became a popular tourist attraction in the 1800s. Jemez Springs was incorporated in 1995, and the National Civic League recognized it as an All-American City. It was one of the five cities in New Mexico and the smallest city to win that title.

The Population And Economy Of Jemez Springs

 As per the latest US Census, Jemez Springs has a population of 198 residents with a median age of 56.7. The city's racial makeup is 141 white (non-Hispanic/Latino), 0 African-American or Black, and 47 Hispanic or Latino. The remaining population is distributed among Asians, Native Americans, and other races. English is spoken by 74.6% of the population. The rest speak Spanish (22.1%), Indo-European languages (1%), and other foreign languages (2.3%). Veterans make up 8.3% of Jemez springs' population, of which 87.5% are males and 12.5% are females. As of the same 2020 Census, 62.1% of the population are employed, with a poverty rate of 14.8%. The median household income is $93,750 per year.

Attractions In Jemez Springs

Jemez Hot Springs

Beautiful landscape of the Spence Hot Springs
Beautiful landscape of the Spence Hot Springs. 

Located about 17 miles to the north in the Valles Caldera National Preserve, the Jemez Springs is a collection of natural hot springs. After a strenuous trek up the mountains, travelers may relax in the hot springs and gorgeous waterfalls at Jemez Springs. They may access further hot springs, including Spence Hot Springs adjacent to Soda Dam, McCauley Hot Springs close to Battleship Rock, and San Antonio Hot Springs in the Santa Fe National Forest through a network of connecting trails. Abundant hot springs, spas, and bathhouses provide a nicer, more pleasant setting to soak. It may be done outside beneath a starry sky or paired with a massage or herbal wrap. Jemez Springs' amenities are just top-notch.

Valles Caldera National Preserve

Morning view of the beautiful Valles Caldera National Preserve, New Mexico
Morning view of the beautiful Valles Caldera National Preserve, New Mexico. 

A 13.7-mile-wide extinct volcanic caldera known as the Jemez Caldera may be found in northern New Mexico's Jemez Mountains, close to the community of Jemez Springs. A dramatic volcanic explosion that occurred roughly 1.25 million years ago created the caldera. The Valles Caldera National Preserve safeguards this spectacular natural gem. Hot springs, streams, fumaroles, natural gases, and volcanic domes are widely dispersed throughout the region. 

Jemez Historic Site

Exterior view of the Jemez Historic Site
Exterior view of the Jemez Historic Site. 

The Jemez State Monument was established to mark and preserve the archaeological ruins of the 16th-century Native American village of Gusewa Pueblo and the 17th-century Spanish colonial mission of San José de los Jémez. The Jémez Pueblo inhabitants in the region see this place as a significant ancestral site.

Jemez National Recreation Area

Jemez National Recreation Area in Jemez Springs, New Mexico
Jemez National Recreation Area in Jemez Springs, New Mexico. Editorial credit: Jacob Boomsma /

The 57,650-acre Jemez National Recreation Area is maintained by the Jemez Ranger District of the US Forest Service and is situated in the Santa Fe National Forest. The Forest Service advertises the region as a place for hiking, camping, rock climbing, and fishing. The Jemez Pueblo has historically occupied the region. Therefore, the government must consult them on issues involving cultural and religious sites. 

Jemez Springs provides relaxing hot springs, outdoor activities, and rich history and culture to both tourists and residents. There are many hidden attractions, fascinating sights, and unusual things to discover in Jemez Springs. It's the ideal destination for a perfect vacation. 

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