Buffalo, New York

The city of Buffalo, surrounded by water, is a destination for many Americans who want to indulge in radiant and vibrant beauty. It is a big city that still retains its coziness and warmth. The water features, the natural beauty, and the welcoming people combine to make this city the best getaway for tourists and one of the best places to live for those looking for serenity.  

Geography Of Buffalo 

buffalo new york
A scene from Buffalo, New York.

Buffalo is located in the state of New York on the east coast of the U.S. Niagara Falls borders it from the north, Lake Erie from the West, and the Buffalo River from the south. It is the second-largest city in the state, covering over 52.48 square miles. Other than the water bodies, the city's landforms are a leveled rolling terrain. 

The city encompasses thirty-five neighborhoods. The neighborhoods are located in five areas, Central, East, North, South, and West. Central Buffalo is the commercial and business center. The most populated area is East Buffalo. Young people prefer the North Side for its proximity to the Downtown area. South Buffalo is the smallest and the coziest. And West Side contains the more significant historical and architectural developments and structures.  

Climate Of Buffalo

Buffalo has a cool climate. Buffalo receives average rain precipitation of 39 inches and 85 inches of snow. Only less than half of the year consists of sunny days. Because of Buffalo's location near the lake, the below-freezing winds gusting across the warmer lake water produce lake effect snow in amounts higher than most northern states. This effect is also responsible for long winters and frequent thaws. This comes to the city's advantage in the summer when the lake helps the wind cool down.  

History Of Buffalo 

The earliest records date to 1679, when La Salle's built his ship near Cayuga Creek. It is at the mouth of Niagara where he constructed Fort Conti. However, the first settlers did not start to arrive in the area until 1784. The region was still the dominion of the Phelps-Gorham purchase. Then in 1797, Dutch investors bought the lands through the Holland Land Company. The first name chosen by the Dutch was New Amsterdam. However, this was not pleasing for the local settlers as they insisted on retaining the name Buffalo. In 1810 Buffalo was officially incorporated as a town. The years that followed witnessed military turmoil. In late 1812, American soldiers attacked Fort Erie on the Canadian side. As a result of that assault, a British force crossed New York in July 1813 and battled the Americans. Then, on the eve of the year 1814, the British attacked Buffalo again with the aid of Canadians and Indians. Most of the town was burned down during this tragic event. 

Buffalo was home to two U.S. presidents: Millard Fillmore and Grover Cleveland. The latter was elected mayor of Buffalo in 1881. In 1901 President William McKinley was assassinated during his visit to the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo. Theodore Roosevelt took the presidential oat following the assassination in the Ansley Wilcox Mansion. The mansion was dedicated as a national historic site in 1966.  

Economy Of Buffalo 

buffalo, new york
The streets of Buffalo, New York.

The region's largest contributors to the economy and the top employers are health care, education, manufacturing, and trade. Auto parts, chemicals, plastics, medical supplies, machine tools, pharmaceuticals, and wood products are the leading manufacturers. Because of its location, Buffalo is a major part of the St. Lawrence Seaway. It is the terminus of the New York State Canal System and a major center for transportation.  

Its location also allows it to be the primary U.S. gateway to Canada. It plays an essential role in trade with the Canadian territories. Despite having a major trade role, its unemployment rate of 9.5% is still below the U.S. average. Sales and income taxes are also above the national average, 8.8% and 6.5%, respectively. The average annual income is below average at $20,726. The Median Household Income is $31,668, which is also much lower than the U.S. average, $53,482. Other industries that employ the rest of the workforce are construction, transportation, finance and insurance, scientific and technical services, public administration, and accommodation and food services.   

Demographics Of Buffalo

2020 population was 253,793 and a density of 6,285 people, making it the 2nd largest city in the state and the 89th in the country. Buffalo is currently declining at a rate of -0.20% annually. The median age is 33.1 years, 31.6 years for males, and 34.5 years for females, making it a young community. The urban population is about 93,600, ranking it 46th in the country. The city is known to be diverse and contains different ethnic communities. Whites are prevalent at 47.11%, followed by Black or African Americans at 36.53%, Asians at 5.86%, and mixed races: at 4.04%. Native Americans and Native Hawaiian only form 0.5% of the city's population. 94.3% of the population are citizens, and only 10.5% were born outside of the United States.  

Attractions In Buffalo 

Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site.

Buffalo is home to the Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site. It is a museum that celebrates the inauguration of President Roosevelt in 1901 by showcasing an audio recreation of how this great president was sworn into office. 

The Albright-Knox Art Gallery is another museum that represents American culture and history. It holds a fascinating art collection of paintings and sculptures made by renowned artists.  One major touristic attraction is the waterfront district. It is a place where people can enjoy dining, shopping, and walking through this beautiful scenery. Elmwood Village also contains many distinctive restaurants, bars, and boutiques.