Abbeville, Alabama

Located in the US State of Alabama, the city of Abbeville is Henry County's second-largest city. The city is known for the Yatta Abba Festival, which celebrates the start of spring and the blooming of Dogwood trees. This city's rich history is prevalent on every street and corner. 

Geography And Climate Of Abbeville

Abbeville is a city situated in Henry County in the southeastern portion of the US State of Alabama. Located at an elevation of 137m, Abbeville covers a total area of 40.36 sq. km, of which 0.11 sq. km is covered by water, and 40.26 sq. km is occupied by land. Three major routes pass through the town: US Route 431, State Route 10, and State Route 27. These routes connect Abbeville to different parts of the state, like Eufaula in the north and Dothan in the south. Abbeville is almost 82 miles away from Montgomery - the state capital, 162 miles away from Birmingham, and 231 miles from Huntsville. Lakes and ponds are a significant part of the city, like the Mathison lake. The ponds include Tillis pond, Smiths pond, Messick Pond, and Fincher Pond. Due to its location in Alabama, the city is exposed to higher chances of tornado activity. Moreover, earthquake activity in Abbeville is much higher than the state average and 13% higher than the national average. 

Abbeville experiences a humid subtropical climate due to its hot weather with high humidity and precipitation levels. The area is scorching and humid in the summertime and mildly cold in the winter. Abbeville receives around 54 inches of rain per year but does not receive any snowfall. The city sees 213 sunny days per year. The most pleasant months in Abbeville are October, April, and May, while July and August are the least enjoyable. July is Abbeville's warmest month, with an average temperature of 33°C. The temperature exceeds 32.2°C on around 67 days of the year, making Abbeville warmer than the rest of the state. On the other hand, Abbeville records the lowest temperatures in January, reaching 2.6°C. Humidity levels increase during the summer, with June, July, and August being the most humid and uncomfortable. Humidity levels decrease between October and May, making the climate moderate for most of the year. Abbeville receives 5.8 inches of rain in July, making it the wettest month. October, however, is the driest month of the year, with only 3.1 inches of rain. 

History Of Abbeville

A historic gas station with vintage signs in Abbeville, Alabama
A historic gas station with vintage signs in Abbeville, Alabama. Editorial credit: Sabrina Janelle Gordon /

Abbeville is the state's oldest colonial settlement. This city is older than Henry County and all of the state of Alabama. Before the European settlement in the town, the Creek Nation native tribe had control over the city. In 1819, Alabama was established as a state, and Henry County, where Abbeville is located, was formed. In that year, European settlers established a trading post in the city. Since that time, the area became the city we know today. Later in 1833, it was given the title of the county seat. The name Abbeville has been derived from Yatta Abba, which the native communities used to call the area. The name means "the grove of dogwood."

The Population And Economy Of Abbeville

A view of the old bank building on the streets of Abbeville.
A view of the old bank building on the streets of Abbeville. Editorial credit: Sabrina Janelle Gordon /

 As per the latest US Census, Abbeville has a population of 2,358 individuals. 51.7% of the population is male, while 48.3% is female. 51.1% of Abbeville's population is White, 41.9% is Black, 5.8% is Hispanic, and less than 1% is Native American. The median resident age of the city is 47.4 years, which is greater than that of the state. More than 33% of the population are above the age of 65, 21.6% are between 35 and 54 years old, and 14.3% are between the ages of 5 and 17. Almost 78% of the population hold a high school diploma, 11.9% hold a bachelor's degree, and 7% have a graduate or professional degree. 35.7% of Abbeville's population has never been married before, while 38.5% are currently married. 12.2% of the population is separated or divorced, and 13.5% is widowed. 

Until the early twentieth century, Abbeville's economic base was on agriculture. Due to setbacks in cotton farming, peanut production rose and became the most important commercial crop. The city also produces corn and vegetables. In addition to agriculture, the most common industries in the town include the educational sector, textile production, healthcare, construction, and carpentry. The city has 822 employed individuals. Most common occupations include supervisors, textile, apparel, furniture workers, teachers, drivers, and construction workers. The city's household median income is $36,875. The median income varies based on gender, where males have a median income of $25,391 compared to $17,863 for females. Almost 25% of Abbeville's population lives in poverty, and the unemployment rate is 6.1%. In 2019, more than 40% of the Black, 24.2% of the White community, and all Native American society lived in poverty.

Attractions In Abbeville

One of the fascinating aspects of the city of Abbeville is the numerous churches, like the Saint Johns Church, Abbeville Methodist Church, Free Will Church, and the Hickory Grove Church. One should also visit the Nordan Branch as the Town Creek is a must for nature-lovers. The Wiregrass Commons Mall is the main shopping center in the city, and it meets all the shopping needs. Abbeville is well known for its southern cuisine and delicious southern foods like fried chicken, turnip greens, fried okra, casserole, yams, and banana pudding. The remarkable history, culture, and well-loved cuisine make Abbeville a perfect holiday destination.