The largest city in California’s Monterey County is the city of Salinas. Situated in Salinas Valley, the city is home to a population of over 150,000 residents. Among the names of the city is the “salad bowl of the world,” a name that is attributed to the vibrant agricultural industry in Salinas and the neighboring Salinas Valley. The city’s agricultural industry is enabled by the favorable climatic conditions experienced in the region. While agriculture is the main economic activity in the valley, Salinas is also home to numerous manufacturing companies which are among the area’s largest employers. Examples of these manufacturing companies which are domiciled in the valley include Dole Fresh Vegetable.
Surrounding the City of Salinas is the Salinas Valley, a large fluvial valley that stretches 90 miles long. The valley is one of California’s most productive agricultural regions. The valley is renowned for its extensive vineyards which produce some of the best grapes in the country. The marine climate makes the Salinas Valley perfect for horticulture and makes the valley one of the key producers of the country’s green salads. There are more than 0.275 million acres of land in the valley where vegetables and fruits are cultivated. Among the horticultural products which are sourced from the valley include spinach, tomatoes, broccoli, strawberries, celery, and cauliflower. The agriculture practiced in the Salad Bowl of the World relies on underground water sources. The Salinas Valley is also known for its production of lettuce, with the region being among the leading producers of the crop in the United States.
The Salinas Valley is named after the Salinas River which runs across the valley. With a length of 175 miles, the river is the longest river in California and starts from the Los Machos Hills from where it flows and ends at Monterey Bay. The river was once known as El Rio de Monterey but was later renamed as the Salinas River. The river is an important source of water for the valley especially during the rainy season when water is plentiful in the sandy river. Water sufficient for agriculture is also available in the Salinas River after reservoirs situated in the river’s upstream release water. However, the river which is relatively shallow dries up during dry spells. On the dry season, people rely on the aquifers which are found below the river bed. The river once supported large populations of salmon and beavers which have unfortunately shrunk due to destructive human activities along the river’s course.
The earliest inhabitants of the Salad Bowl of the World are the Salinan people, who are named after the Salinas River. However, the indigenous name for the people is “Te’po’ta’ahl” (people of the oak). Estimates have it that at least 700 Salinan people inhabited the region during the period of European exploration. The Salinan people originally lived on hunting and gathering around the valley. Like many Native American languages, the Salinan language is on a decline and is among the endangered languages in the world.