Colombia, located in northwest South America, also has territories in Central America. The country is bordered by Panama to the northwest, Venezuela and Brazil to the east, and Ecuador and Peru to the south. Colombia has a rich ethnolinguistic diversity and is also one of the megadiverse nations of the world. It has a varied geography and rich cultural landscape.
Bogota is the capital of Colombia. The largest city in the country is also the political and administrative center of Colombia. Bogota is administered as the Capital District and is held to be a territorial entity of the first order. The capital of Colombia is also the nation’s economic, cultural, artistic, and sports center.
What Type Of Government Does Colombia Have?
Colombia is a republic with three branches of government, namely, the legislative, executive, and judiciary. The legislature of Colombia has a congress, the supreme court is the highest office of the judiciary, and the executive branch is headed by a president. The government of Colombia is elected based on the votes of the citizens of the country during national elections.
Where Is The Capital Of Colombia Located?
Bogota is located in central Colombia on the high plateau of Bogotá savanna in the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes, making it the third-highest (8,660 feet above sea level) capital city of South America after Quito. The city occupies an area of 1,587 square km in Colombia.
History Of Bogota
Bogota, the capital city of Colombia, was originally founded on August 6, 1538, as the capital of the New Kingdom of Granada. Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, a conquistador from Spain, is regarded as the founder of this city. He and his troops managed to defeat the indigenous inhabitants of the region and establish Spanish control over the territory. Bogotá became the capital of the independent nation of Gran Colombia on August 7, 1819, after the Battle of Boyacá. The city continued to serve as the capital of Colombia even after the Viceroyalty of New Granada became independent from the Spanish Empire.
Besides hosting the important government buildings of the country, Bogota is also a major economic center of Colombia. It is the leading destination for international business, foreign investments, and new projects. It is the city with the highest nominal GDP in the country and also contributes 24.7% to the national total. The airport of Bogota, the El Dorado International Airport transports the highest cargo volume in Latin America. The capital city of Colombia also hosts a number of universities and research institutions.
Role Of Bogota As The Capital City Of Colombia
Bogota houses the Supreme Court of Justice and the Congress of Colombia. The city also serves as the center of executive administration of the state and hosts the President of the country. These government buildings of Colombia are located in the proximity of each other. The Lievano Palace and the Office of the Mayor are also located in the vicinity. All these buildings of importance are situated at the Bolívar Square in the historical center of the city. The City Council and the Mayor of Bogotá are both elected by the public and handle the administration of the city. The 20 localities of the city are governed by an administrative board elected by popular vote.