The European country of Romania is the European Union’s 12th largest and 7th most populous member state. The country houses a population of nearly 20 million inhabitants. Romania borders Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Moldova to the south, north, west, south-west, and east, respectively. The country also has a coastline on the Black Sea to the south-east. The capital city of Romania is Bucharest.
What Type Of Government Does Romania Have?
Romania is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic. Here, the President of Romania serves as the country’s head of state. The Prime Minister of the nation is the head of government. The country has a bicameral legislature comprising of the Chamber of Deputies as the lower house and the Senate as the upper house. The judiciary functions independently of the other two branches of the government.
What Is The Capital Of Romania?
Bucharest is the capital of Romania. It is the nation’s largest city in terms of area and population. The capital city has an area of 228 square km and a population of 1,883,425 individuals. The metropolitan area of Bucharest has an estimated population of 2.27 million people. The city is European Union’s sixth largest in terms of population within city limits. The elevation of the city varies from 183.1 feet to 300.2 feet.
Where Is Bucharest Located?
Bucharest is based on the banks of the Dâmbovița River in the Romanian Plain’s southeastern corner. The northern parts of the city have a series of lakes. A small artificial lake called the Lake Cișmigiu is located in the center of the roughly round-shaped city. This lake is surrounded by the beautiful Cișmigiu Gardens that is associated with great history. Many other lakes and gardens dot the city. The climate in Bucharest has been described as humid continental climate.
History Of Bucharest
Evidence of settlements in the area that is now Bucharest dates back to the Neolithic Period. However, the first mention of the name București in written history dates to 1459. According to historical accounts, the city started as a fortress built by Vlad III, the prince of Wallachia to keep away the Turkish forces from his kingdom. However, the Ottomans did manage to gain control over the region. During the Ottoman rule, Bucharest flourished as the primary economic center in Wallachia. In 1659, it became the capital of the region. For the next two centuries, Bucharest experienced numerous ups and downs. The Ottomans lost control of the city at the beginning of the 19th century. Following the exit of the Ottomans, Bucharest was occupied by different powers like the Habsburg Monarchy and Imperial Russia for short periods. Finally, following the union of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1862 to form the Principality of Romania, Bucharest became the capital of this new nation. In 1881, it became the Kingdom of Romania’s political center. The city once more entered into a period of rapid growth. Many beautiful structures were built in Bucharest during this kingdom’s rule. During the World Wars, Bucharest went through periods of economic slowdown. Following the Second World War, Bucharest flourished once again under the Communist regime. The city continued to serve as the capital of Romania even after the fall of the Communist regime and the establishment of the democratic republic of Romania.
Role Of Bucharest As The Capital Of Romania
As the capital of the country, Romania houses the important government buildings of the national government. It has the Palace of the Parliament which is the meeting place for the Romanian Parliament. The Cotroceni Palace in Bucharest is the official residence of the President of the country. The Victoria Palace in the city houses the Prime Minister and the rest of the cabinet. Bucharest is also the industrial, commercial, and transportation hub of Romania. The city is also well-equipped with renowned educational institutes, cultural venues, recreational areas, and more.
About the Author
Oishimaya is an Indian native, currently residing in Kolkata. She has earned her Ph.D. degree and is presently engaged in full-time freelance writing and editing. She is an avid reader and travel enthusiast and is sensitively aware of her surroundings, both locally and globally. She loves mingling with people of eclectic cultures and also participates in activities concerning wildlife conservation.
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